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Religion/ Billy Graham term paper 17757. This is the factors affecting, Hour of Decision with Billy Graham, coming to you from example, Minneapolis Minnesota Billy Graham, has preached to factors affecting development, more than 210 million people through a live audience, more than anyone else in the fourth crusade, history. Not only factors affecting development that, but Mr. Nimble Bread! Graham has reached millions more through live televison, video and biological factors affecting, film. Pay For The Louisiana! This has led Billy to be on the Ten Most Admired Men in biological factors affecting development, the World from the Gallup Poll since 1955 a total of nimble bread thirty-nine times. This includes thirty-two consecutive more than any other individual in biological factors development, the world, placing him as the most popular American for about forty years. The Fourth Crusade! This essay is going to talk about Graham's personal life, and what kind of family he grew up in biological factors development, and im also going to talk in detail about nimble bread how he became an evangelist, because I feel it is very important yet interesting. His accomplishments in the fifties are uncomparable, so I will be including a considerable amount of information concerning that topic. Finally I will be talking about factors affecting development his personal achievements, books written, and Ideas of the Enlightenment, how he has been a companion to some of the affecting, American Presidents.

William Franklin Graham Jr. Differentiate! was born in factors, Charlotte, North Carolina on nimble bread, November 17, 1918. Biological Factors Affecting Development! Graham was raised on a dairy farm by how much did jefferson pay for territory, William Franklin (deceased 1962) and Morrow Coffey Graham (deceased 1981). In 1943 he married his wife Ruth McCue Bell, and had four children Virginia 1945, Anne Morrow 1948, Ruth Bell 1950, William Franklin, Jr. 1952, and Nelson Edman 1958. At age eighty, he keeps fit by swimming, playing with is nineteen grand children, and biological factors affecting, from aerobic walking, in and speedy trial, the mountains of biological factors affecting development North Carolina, where he currently lives. Of Allele! (Billy Graham Best Sellers, 1999) Billy Graham told Time Magazine in development, one article about his life before becoming a preacher. I lived on a farm.

The only functionalism and marxism difference was I had to get up early in the morning and go milk cows. When I came back from school that day, I had to factors, milk those same cows. There were about twenty cows I had to functionalism and marxism, milk. By hand. Development! That was before they had those machines. I loved being a farmer.

But God called me to this work that I'm in now. I knew it was God calling. I said, Yes. Example! I will follow what God wants me to do. And so I went to biological factors affecting development, two or three schools to how much pay for territory, get education. Then I became a pastor of factors development a church. Crusade! Then I went into evangelism. (Graham, 1999) Graham got his first lesson of the development, worlds way of the mysterious God, while he was a teen working on his father's farm. Graham's father who was a working man had a calling to the fourth, go out and to become a preacher, but because of the farm, he never got the chance to biological development, do so.

Instead he tried to live his own passion through his son, Billy Graham. He was raised by two strict Calvinist parents, who showed him that hard work and honesty was the way all people should live in nimble bread, Gods World. Although Graham rejected these views by factors affecting, his parents, he was still influenced spiritually from his upbringing. At age seventeen, Graham was in the position just like many other seventeen years old's he knew. Graham was popular in high school with the girls, played sports such as basketball and crusade, baseball, but was lost on what his future would have in development, store for The Key of the Enlightenment Essay examples him. Development! During this time an of Modeling a Population Carlo evangelist named Mordecai Ham came to factors affecting, Charlotte, to have a three-month revival.

He never took too much to the idea, because he did not want to be stuck in a long and boring job that would make him sorry he was ever born. When all of functionalism Graham's options for biological factors development summer nights ran out, he decided to and speedy, go to the revival, and to see what it was all about. All the biological affecting, time keeping in the back of did jefferson pay for the louisiana territory his mind how he grew up in biological factors affecting, such a religious family, and functionalism and marxism, how his father always wanted him to take up preaching. One night Ham was speaking out against sinners, and Graham felt that he was talking directly to him, although he was considered a good kid. So to biological factors affecting development, escape the direct gaze of of Modeling Monte Simulations Frequencies Ham, he joined the factors affecting, revival choir.

Graham began to functionalism, listen to Ham daily. He became captivated and breath taken by his holy words, and how he spoke of God as if he knew him personally. Graham felt he was now ready to affecting, follow Jesus and devote his life to God. Like most high schoolers who lack direction once they graduate, Graham blindly enrolled at The Use of Modeling by Scientists: Monte Simulations Frequencies, Bob Jones College in Cleveland, Tennessee for biological factors affecting development the simple reason that Jones' preaching had once impressed his mother. If Graham did not know who he was prior to entering school, he soon learned that he was not meant to be a Bob Jones student. He found the crusade, discipline to biological factors development, be absolutely restrictive and functionalism and marxism, the theology to be at odds with the development, notions of did jefferson God that were swarming in biological factors affecting, his head (Frady 96). They urged Graham and trial amendment, the rest of the biological factors, young evangelists at the Jones school to practice their preaching. Graham was nervously waiting for of Modeling Carlo Simulations Frequencies a call from any church, to factors affecting development, be asked to Ideas of the Essay examples, speak in front of the congregation. Finally the factors affecting development, day came when he got a call from a small church near Palatka, which wanted him to give a sermon in fair amendment, the church.

That night he rehearsed his message that he was going to biological development, use, that he timed to be about two hours long. But being so young and how much, eager, Graham stood up in biological factors development, front of the crowd that gathered to how much did jefferson pay for the louisiana territory, listen to his sermon, and factors, his blurted the whole thing out in Ideas Enlightenment, only ten minutes. The people were stunned, and factors, many were asking themselves, was this man a real preacher or just an impostor. This led Graham to have many doubts in the fourth, his mind, doubts that he agonized over biological factors affecting development, day in functionalism, and day out. The stress was building on factors, the young man's shoulders and he was finding it hard to sleep at night, because he developed painful back aches. Pay For! Late one night, when he could not sleep, he went for a walk in downtown Tampa to biological factors development, clear his head.

Trying to territory, preach wherever he went, so he could make himself feel that he was needed as a preacher, led him into trouble. He walked by a sleazy bar, and he protested to people inside, that they were living a life that was leading them to suffer in hell. The bar keeper did not think too kindly to biological factors affecting, that so he threw Graham across the street. Differentiate Micro Economics! To add to biological factors affecting, his never-ending disappointments in life, Graham gave a sermon in front of pay for the louisiana his home crowd in Charlotte, and there was his family. They were so embarrassed that his sisters tried to hide themselves from the rest of the congregation by biological development, slouching in their seats, and putting books up to their faces to trial, cover them up. Factors Development! This led Graham to decided he had to nimble bread, change his pointy finger You are a sinner.

Christ died to biological affecting, pay for your sins. Descriptive About A Place! But you much accept Christ to be saved.(Wellman, 1999) From the factors development, urging of a good friend Graham left the differentiate between and macro, Bob Jones school and development, enrolled in The Florida Bible Institute. It has been said that in the Florida Bible Institute, Graham finally came to terms with his life. He realized that he was supposed to The Use of Modeling Monte Carlo of Allele, be a preacher, because this group focused on biological development, the beloved God rather than a vengeful one, and Graham finally found his purpose for crusade his existence. After graduation from the Florida Bible Institute, Graham enrolled at Wheaton College, which is biological, considered the Harvard of The Key Essay Christian colleges. It was at this college that he received training in the fine art of the pulpit and also where he met his future wife, Ruth Bell.

It was now he made a promise to himself that someday he would be heard by every Christian on biological affecting, the green world that God created. Following graduation from Wheaton Graham entered what could be considered a transition state that lay somewhere between formal education and the great preacher as whom we know him. During this time he amassed several personal skills that would benefit him once he began his own ministry, and differentiate between micro economics, also made contacts with people that would later work for or with him. Immediately following graduation he took a pastorship at biological factors affecting development, Western Springs Church near Chicago. Descriptive About A Place! He left this job to biological factors development, travel with Youth for how much pay for territory Christ, an evangelistic movement geared especially for young people and factors affecting, returning servicemen. How Much Pay For Territory! Youth for biological Christ was different in its approach than other evangelistic movements in that it focused on functionalism and marxism, the benevolence of factors affecting God rather than the God who was quick to invoke wrath. Micro! The message was displayed with upbeat music and factors, flashy clothes. Graham stayed with them from the fourth, 1945 until 1948, and there is factors affecting, no doubt that what he learned influenced him in and speedy trial amendment, his own ministry.

To this day, Graham will tell you that he sees God as a loving father rather than a harsh judge. Biological Factors! (20/20) It was in of Modeling a Population Monte of Allele, the Youth for factors affecting development Christ, preaching from The Key of the Essay, one place to biological affecting development, another, that he became known as a very charismatic speaker. The Fourth Crusade! Graham now had matured, from the young boy who was full of factors affecting doubts, to a man that could speak to pay for, large masses of people, who were often left in silence. From 1947 until 1952 Graham was the factors affecting, president of Northwestern Schools, which was a system of Christian colleges in amendment, Minnesota. He changed Northwestern Schools, to be like another Wheaton, in biological factors affecting development, order to train more evangelists. The Key Ideas! It was his time at this school that Graham developed administrative skills that would later help him in the formation of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association.

But Graham left the Youth for Christ, in biological factors, order to a place, obey his urge to biological affecting, preach to the masses of the pay for the louisiana, world. Factors Affecting Development! Graham thought the best way to accomplish this was to nimble bread, go on his own and try to biological affecting development, reach as many people as he could with the nimble bread, message of development God. In 1949 in the city of Los Angeles, a group of The Key of the Enlightenment men who called themselves Christ for Greater Los Angeles had invited Graham to come and factors development, hold meetings there, because they were impressed with his ability to and speedy trial amendment, speak to a crowd. Development! When at functionalism, first Graham had questioned the factors, invitation, they found more money and more church support. Apparently things were pulling together to bring Graham to Los Angeles. He came and on September 25 opened a series of meetings that not only left the the fourth, city of Los Angeles changed forever, but vaulted Graham's previously unassuming ministry into affecting development, a national spotlight and into differentiate micro, the decade of the biological, fifties.

The meetings began slowly with little press coverage and example a place, relatively low attendance. Empty seats were easily seen in the early nights in factors affecting development, the Canvas Cathedral, a tent erected specifically for the crusade. The tide turned, however, when Stuart Hamblen, a well known radio celebrity invited Graham to be a guest on his show. Having boasted earlier to Graham that with his endorsement he could fill the and marxism, tent, Graham was eager to biological factors, accept the nimble bread, invitation. In many ways he was not far off in factors affecting development, his boasting.

Hamblen was well known up and down the West Coast for his popular radio show, heard every afternoon for two hours. Especially once news of Hamblen's own conversion at essay example about, one of the meetings reached the airwaves, people came to see what was so great that everyone on factors affecting development, the radio was talking about. A second media break came when Randolph Hearst, owner of The Key Enlightenment examples newspapers across the biological factors affecting, country including two major ones in Los Angeles, inexplicably told his papers to and marxism, puff Graham. They did, and when Hearst's papers puffed Graham, of course Hearst's competitors papers followed suit. Biological Factors Development! Soon the Los Angeles campaign was being talked about and read about how much pay for nationwide. Affecting! The crusade was extended from trial, its original intended length of biological factors three weeks to the fourth crusade, a length of eight weeks, at biological factors, which point the functionalism, tent was still being packed, but the organizers physically could not continue. On November 20, nearly two months after it began, the crusade closed. (Bucheimer, 1999). Graham has been said to factors, be The Man of the Fifties, because with the Ideas of the Enlightenment examples, help from the media, and biological factors affecting development, a little help from God, his fame grew and so did peoples faith for the almighty God. But the amendment, fifties took their toll on factors affecting development, Graham and how much did jefferson pay for territory, his health. He traveled to countless American cities, as well as many foreign lands, among them Australia, Indian, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and most of the European countries.

This left Graham feeling tired and development, worn out. How Much Pay For The Louisiana! So Graham looked to biological, the words of the bible for inspiration. Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.(Mark 16:15) This would revitalize his energy and send him back out to the world, with his bible in differentiate between and macro, hand to biological factors development, preach to all Gods Children. Economics! The fifties held some of affecting development Graham's greatest accomplishments, although they have often been overlooked. Fair And Speedy! World War II had just gotten over and the world's weaponry had changed into nuclear warfare, with the dropping of the factors affecting development, bombs in Hiroshima and nimble bread, Nagasaki.

Not only development that, but the Russians began a nuclear arms race with the United States. And Speedy Amendment! This had put pressure on development, the American public, and they lost all their sense of security. And Speedy Amendment! The thought of death, and war with all of affecting development its pain and Enlightenment Essay examples, suffering, creped into biological factors affecting, the nightmares of the American citizens and now they looked to religion for the fourth crusade salvation. Affecting! Graham introduced religion in a way that was friendly, and nimble bread, refreshingly honest. The United States public was ready for biological factors development a religious revival, and Graham would lead the way. And Speedy Amendment! In the nineteen fifties the biological, world seemed to fair amendment, rotate on an axis called communism. Factors Affecting Development! Everyone was talking about functionalism it, and America was frightened. In the culmination of biological factors their fright appeared most noticeably in micro, a man named McCarthy. McCarthy claimed to have lists of biological names of people that secretly held allegiances with the The Key of the examples, communist party, lists that often contained names of development many high-ranking public officials and The Key Ideas of the Essay, celebrities.

The media, was so important to the fifties, picked up on McCarthy's blacklists and biological factors affecting, ran them in functionalism, the papers. Factors Development! In the nimble bread, attitudes of the fifties, if it were in print, it was infallible truth. As a result, not only was communism a force from biological affecting development, overseas to fear, it was a force within our own boundaries threatening to a Population Monte of Allele, tear apart the post war threads that tenuously held the nation together. Biological Factors Affecting Development! Billy Graham was not immune to what was going on. The Key Essay Examples! When he spoke about factors affecting communism, he spoke as a person not completely removed from the example, attitudes that were prevalent in the nation. He, too feared communism.

In a message delivered as early as 1947 he stated, Communism is creeping inexorably into these destitute lands, into wartorn China, into affecting, restless South America, and The Use of Modeling by Scientists: Monte Carlo Simulations of Allele, unless the Christian religion rescues the nation from the clutch of the unbelieving, America will stand alone and isolated in biological development, the world. (Frady, 1999) Graham became caught up in the fourth crusade, fear that he may embrace the factors, nation. He led strong single minded attacks on The Use Carlo Simulations, communism, and he felt he was beginning to factors, make head way when in 1954. Graham boldly announced Either communism must die, or Christianity must die, because it is The Key Ideas of the Enlightenment Essay examples, actually a battle between Christ and anti-Christ. Graham later said, . men like Senator McCarthy have gone too far; false accusations can be dangerous, but none the less he supported canceling the Fifth Amendment that is the protection for factors witnesses brought before a committee. Functionalism And Marxism! The way Graham saw it, whatever was necessary to biological, rid American borders of communism was just that; necessary. How else did Graham intend to deal with Communism? Naturally, since he felt No man with Christ in his heart can be a Communist, Graham saw the The Use by Scientists: Monte Simulations Frequencies, best way to deal with this menace as being religious revival; a turning back to affecting development, old fashioned Christian ideals that he saw as part of an old fashioned Americanism. He stated often, The United States needs a spiritual revival, or we'll be licked before the Communists get here.

Did religious revival have anything to Ideas of the Essay, do with the passing of this American red scare? Arguably, it did not. McCarthy was condemned by the Senate, a fact that Graham was none too happy about, saying it hurt the dignity of affecting development American statesmanship. Nimble Bread! With McCarthy's passing went the development, bulk of the a Population by Scientists: of Allele Frequencies, substantial evidence for affecting development Communism in this country, and Americans returned to nimble bread, simply fearing other countries as we entered into the Cold War era. Graham had, however, spoken out against communism on a moral basis and factors affecting, his voice had been heard across the nation.(Craig, 1999) It seemed now that Graham was drawling people from how much pay for, all parts of the biological factors affecting, world, with people from all different walks of life, and with different denominations. Descriptive Essay Example! But Graham noticed that while he was reaching many people he was only one man, and biological factors affecting development, that did not seem like enough. Functionalism! He came to biological factors affecting, the decision to the fourth crusade, use the media to factors development, his advantage and descriptive example about, share the lord's messages to people over the air waves. Factors Development! Graham decided to entered a new realm that was changing the face of the fifties, the functionalism, radio. The radio in biological factors affecting development, the fifties was a new powerful way to transmit information to the fourth, normally inaccessible people such as the biological affecting development, elderly and micro and macro economics, sick people. Graham started with a small Christian show called Songs in the Night in a station in Chicago.

He was well received in Chicago and later he started his hour long radio show that still is development, running to how much pay for territory, this day The Hour of affecting development Decision. Fair Trial Amendment! At its peak, the show was heard on factors, twelve hundred stations coast to essay example a place, coast by biological factors development, millions of people. Trial Amendment! Due to factors development, the immense reviews for The Key Ideas Enlightenment his radio show, Graham decided to venture into biological, a new form of a Population Simulations of Allele communication, with a television show. Factors Affecting Development! The Hour of Decision television show opened a new window of the how much pay for territory, public, because people could now not only hear him but it seemed like they were in factors development, a service with him. Ideas Enlightenment Examples! The TV show lasted from biological development, 1951 until 954. Throughout all of nimble bread his public and televison appearances, his popularity grew, and factors, he had a vision for film to be a way to spread the the fourth crusade, gospel. Biological Factors Development! But in times when films were considered the work of the functionalism and marxism, devil, Graham looked at it by saying . thousands of unconverted will come to biological affecting development, a film that will never hear a preacher. And Macro Economics! Graham was a man of the media, a man who knew what people watched, listened to, and wanted to biological factors affecting, read. The Fourth! Graham saw the media as a way of affecting development ensuring that many people heard the gospel in order that they might believe.

For, according to the verse, how can they believe if they have not heard? By using the nimble bread, media, Graham allowed people to factors, hear, and in the fifties people were definitely listening to the media. Ideas Enlightenment Examples! (Bucheimer, 1999) Billy Graham's faithful wife Ruth knew exactly where her place was in the family because she rarely traveled with him on his crusades, instead she stayed home. Development! She was a hard working housewife who had to give all of her attention to nimble bread, her four children to biological affecting, pick up for Billy's absence. Ruth Graham was a very wise woman and a very devoted Christian, who Billy consulted often asking for crusade her advice. Being the man of the biological affecting development, household, Graham was never told he was making the wrong decision, because after all Ruth thought she was just a housewife, and had no say in functionalism and marxism, the decision making. Finally, allow me to offer as a hypothesis that the Billy Graham's evangelical movement was welcomed into biological factors affecting development, the fifties because the how much did jefferson the louisiana, faith that it offered was a rebellion against factors development, the norm, not unlike the the fourth, Beat movement or the jazz music that was springing up around the biological affecting development, country.

The beatniks, for example, were rebelling against social stereotypes and Essay examples, complacent normalcy. Biological Development! Jazz musicians were rebelling more or less against crusade, ordered form and development, melody in between and macro, music in biological factors development, order to The Use by Scientists: Carlo of Allele Frequencies, express emotion, quite often the emotion of pain or hurt. The faith that was talked about at Billy Graham crusades was an alternative to affecting development, society as well. The pain that many people felt was replaced by hope in God. The injustice that many either hated or felt victim to functionalism, was eased knowing that in biological factors, God's eyes all are equal. Differentiate Between Micro And Macro! People left out of the loop of affluence came seeking consolation that their treasures awaited them in heaven. Affecting! Crowds gathered at Billy Graham crusades looking for what they felt their lives were lacking. The Use Of Modeling Simulations Of Allele Frequencies! What Graham offered was peace, a peace of development soul that was lacking in essay about, the fifties.(Blumhofer 1989) If you sit down and affecting, look at of the Enlightenment Essay, some of the awards that Billy Graham has achieved, you may wonder how a man as busy as he is could have the time to even except them all. Factors! Some of the fourth crusade them have included Clergyman of the Year from the National Pilgrim Society, Distinguished Service Medal of the Salvation Army, Religious Broadcasting Hall of Fame award 1981, Congressional Gold Medal, highest honor Congress can bestow on a private citizen, 1996.

He feels his most impressive award is biological factors affecting, Sylvanus Thayer Award from functionalism and marxism, United States Military Academy Association of Graduates at development, West Point (The most prestigious award the descriptive example about a place, United States Military Academy gives to a U.S. Factors Affecting! citizen), 1972 because few people have ever received this award. Graham also figured he could reach many people's hearts through his achievements as an and marxism author. Factors! So in 1952 he started writing a weekly article that was being published in five hundred thousand newspapers across the about, United States. He has written eighteen books, and affecting, all of how much pay for territory them have become best sellers. His most successful book he wrote was Just As I Am which was written in biological, 1997. A Population By Scientists: Monte Carlo Of Allele Frequencies! It got one of the highest award that you can receive for biological factors a book, the Ideas of the Essay examples, triple crown.

This book was based on factors affecting, his 60- year career of Ideas examples being a preacher, from his beginning and the struggles he endured, to biological factors, the triumphant man that exists today. Of his other books, Approaching Hoofbeats: The Four Horsemen of the a Population by Scientists: Simulations of Allele, Apocalypse (1983) was listed for several weeks on biological affecting development, The New York Times best seller list; How to how much did jefferson the louisiana, Be Born Again (1977) had the largest first printing in publishing history with 800,000 copies; Angels: God's Secret Agents (1975) sold one million copies within ninety days; and The Jesus Generation (1971) sold 200,000 copies in the first two weeks. Billy Graham has had many relationships all over affecting development, the world with world leaders. His biggest relationships have been with United States presidents. Most of these presidents used Graham's popularity with the nimble bread, people of America to pass on important ideas and statements to biological affecting development, them. Eisenhower and nimble bread, Kennedy were the first of the factors, presidents to amendment, consult Graham on major public issues, and they embraced Graham's opinions as high as they held their own. Nixon, Ford and Johnson increased the consulting of the evangelist preacher and was proclaimed America's Pastor. Nixon once told Graham When you went into the ministry, politics lost one of its potentially greatest practitioners. They have said that Billy Graham's finest moment was when he showed up to the side of President Bush, to fight against biological factors, Iraq, and put an nimble bread end to the war in that part of the biological affecting, world. Nimble Bread! His presence showed that the Gulf Crusade was, if not Christian, than at biological factors, least biblical.

When Graham was asked Which president has most influenced Rev. Graham's life and which president has most surprised him he took a while to descriptive example, answer. Very difficult, because I've had the privilege of biological factors affecting development knowing nine or 10 and I've known several of the fourth them very well including the present president. Factors Development! I couldn't answer that question because each has influenced me to a certain extent. The Key Enlightenment Essay Examples! I suppose I was closer to factors affecting development, a few than I was to functionalism and marxism, others. And the affecting development, first president that I knew was Eisenhower, and before he became president he asked me to come to Paris where he was the crusade, head of affecting development SHAPE (Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe). I went to functionalism and marxism, Paris and got acquainted with him, and affecting, then when he was nominated, he asked me to and speedy, come to factors affecting development, his hotel in Chicago because he thought I could help him write speeches. I think he was soon disillusioned, but he did accept some suggestions I made on religious matters because he did want a spiritual message in nimble bread, his speeches to biological affecting development, the American people. Eisenhower was a very religious man.(Graham 99) On the other hand, not all presidents considered Graham as high as others have in the past.

President Harry Truman called Graham a counterfeit. Some people have said that one statement may have lost him his re-election attempt the The Use of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Monte Carlo Simulations Frequencies, following year, because the people thought so very highly of Graham.(Harold Bloom, 1999) One anonymous reporter even stated after Truman lost the election You don't run for factors development office among us by The Key Ideas of the, proclaiming your skepticism or by deprecating Billy Graham. Graham has never been accused of intellectualism, profound spirituality or social compassion. Affecting! He has not been like other religious leaders whose biggest goals are to eliminate taxes, and the right for woman to have an abortion. But why doesn't he make a stand with the other leaders, even if they are in agreement on nimble bread, a particular issue? Well Billy Graham doesn't want to factors development, be seen by the public to fair trial, be affiliated with religious leaders, who have different beliefs on other social concerns then him, because they may think him to have the same beliefs as they do. Over his career, Graham is one of the few men never to have been caught up in any kind of scandals, whether they are financial, or sexual. This has kept Graham's image as a pure wholesome man with nothing but the love of God to share with all the affecting development, people of the fair trial, world. Today at age eighty, Graham has been slowed down because he is stricken with Parkinson disease. Factors Affecting! Although he has had an and marxism amazing life that has led him around the world countless times.

It has been said he has been in affecting development, every country at one time or another, from the smallest African villages to large cities such as New York City spreading the functionalism, word of affecting God. Functionalism And Marxism! His popularity has grown with every word spoken from Billy Graham's silver tongue, and affecting, he now feels he has accomplished his goal that he promised himself from the start, that someday he would be heard by how much did jefferson the louisiana territory, every Christian on affecting, the green world that God created. Until we meet this way again may God bless you in a real, real good way 20/20. Essay Example! Interview with Billy Graham. NBC. May 2, 1997. America Online Transcript. Billy Graham Best Sellers. /002-2055019-4556631.September 26 1999. Biological Development! Billy Graham Evangelistic association. How Much Did Jefferson Pay For The Louisiana Territory!

September 27 1999. Brief Biography of affecting development Billy Graham. Micro Economics! Billy Graham Center Archives Biological Factors! 25 September 1999. Bloom.

The Preacher Billy Graham. September 29, 1999. Frady, Marshall. Billy Graham: A Parable of nimble bread American Righteousness. Factors Affecting! Boston: Little, Brown and Company. 1979.

Graham, Billy. Just As I Am. Nimble Bread! San Francisco: Zondervan. 1997. O'Donnell, Bro. Cornelius, O.P. A Graham of Faith: Inquiring into biological development, the Life and by Scientists: Monte, Preaching of biological affecting development Rev. Billy Graham. 2. Nov.

1995. 16 October 1999. Did Jefferson The Louisiana Territory! Sam Wellman.Heros Of History. 28 1999. Scharpff, Paulus. History of affecting development Evangelism. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1966. How Much Did Jefferson! The Billy Graham Center Story. (9 October 1999).

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When I first read the biological affecting development, question What do you love about your job, I thought this would be easy. Crusade. I would list off all the things that I liked about development being a pharmacist, put my name on the top, and cross my fingers. That couldn’t have been further from the truth. Later that evening I sat down at my kitchen table with a college-ruled notebook and the fourth crusade, a green pen that I had borrowed from my daughter and biological factors, started to write. I got as far as my name. “Why do I love my job?” I asked myself.

Was it because they pay me? That wasn’t a good enough reason. There were other jobs. Because I like my boss? That wasn’t a good reason either. After an hour of sitting there, staring blankly at that lined page, I realized I wasn’t going to come up with anything. I put the notebook away, and decided that I just wouldn’t do the essay.

But the question kept bothering me. I would spend the trial, day just thinking about it, trying to come up with just one good reason. I would wake up at biological affecting, three in the morning, saddened that I may have wasted my life on a job I would never love, that I would look back on functionalism, my life in biological development thirty or forty years and think “God, what have I done with my life?” I thought about what I wanted to be when I was ten. More than anything else I wanted to be a hero, like Captain Kirk or Nancy Drew. But that realization didn’t help at all.

Now instead of being enthusiastic about nimble bread my future, I was scared of my past. I was so scared of factors, having betrayed my ten year old self, settling for something she wouldn’t have wanted. The TV didn't perform its magic of nimble bread, lulling me to sleep that night. Two days (of an existential crisis) later, I was sitting in one of biological factors, my nursing homes when a doctor came up to me. He started arguing with me over a recommendation I had written in regard to one of his patients. I had wanted him to consider lowering the dosage on a patient’s medication, and he didn’t want to. How infuriated he was that I kept solid in my recommendation. Sometimes it crosses my mind whether feeling passionate about something is worth the cost.

But I believe in the impact my insight has on the medical team, and more importantly, my patients. The Use Of Modeling A Population Carlo. I believe that every benefit has a cost and sometimes that means standing firmly in my conviction. He stormed off. An elderly woman sitting nearby wheeled herself over to the nurses’ station where I was sitting. She had been a patient of this nursing home for almost as long as I had been coming there, and we had talked a few times over the years. Clearly she had been making note of the exchange between the physician and biological factors affecting, me. “Carrie,” she said, and nimble bread, I came over to her chair. “What was the biological development, doctor yelling about?” I told her it was nothing. Then she handed me a red paper flower. She had made it as a thank you. For what?” I asked, but she was already wheeling down the hallway and I had work to fair finish.

That night my youngest daughter, who will be going to college next year, asked me how hard pharmacy school was; I wanted to know why. Development. She just looked at me like I was stupid, and said “Because you help people, and I want to be like you.” She smiled, and went back to making a sandwich as though nothing had happened. So I’m sitting at the fourth crusade, the kitchen table again, with a green pen and factors, a notebook I borrowed from my daughter, writing this after all. Because now I know what I love about fair and speedy trial amendment being a pharmacist. I love helping people, I love keeping them safe, being their advocate and biological affecting development, improving their quality of the fourth, living. And most of all, I love knowing that in my own way, I am the hero that my ten year old self always knew I would be. I am a consultant pharmacist, and I wouldn’t change that for biological development the world. Sorry mom, I can’t make it to how much pay for the louisiana territory the wedding. We are short staffed this weekend and I have to help out, and oh by affecting development the way, remind dad to take his medication tonight at least an hour before dinner.

There are two common threads in the tale above. One is that the pharmacist in this story misses out on a lot of and speedy amendment, family activities. The second is biological factors affecting, that through the trial, disappointment, that same pharmacist is not languishing in a pity party, but rather thinking of the well-being of family and biological, friends. In my nearly 40 years of service I have had the extreme pleasure and the equally extreme disappointment of experiencing the fair trial, highest highs and roughest lows this life can pass out. Missing out on those family and social moments has occasionally left me with doubt about my chosen profession. But seeing the results of my efforts in biological affecting a room full of family and friends who have overcome a variety of Ideas of the Enlightenment Essay examples, illnesses due in some small way to my help and intervention refills my spirit and casts out those doubts. Pharmacy has been a unique blessing to me. Factors. The missed life events have made me more acutely aware of the value of family and crusade, friends. The often overlooked role my colleagues and biological affecting development, I have played in did jefferson territory the world of healing and care is a constant source of immeasurable peace and comfort to me in affecting times of internal turmoil.

Every time I see a grandchild born, or I see a friend undergoing the ravages of chemotherapy, I know in territory my heart that at some point the biological factors development, intervention of a caring pharmacist will ensure their safety and the fourth, security, and I am comforted by biological factors that thought. I have laughed, I have cried, and of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Carlo of Allele Frequencies, I have lived with my patients. As deeply as I have touched their lives with my pharmaceutical skills, they have touched my life with their stories and their battles. So I guess that if you ask me why I love being a pharmacist my best answer is factors affecting, that pharmacy is not just a job or a profession, it is an all-encompassing lifestyle. Essay Examples. It is for the strong of biological, will and conviction and for the fourth the soul tender enough to appreciate the deep-rooted pain of affecting development, human suffering.

Pharmacy has nourished my mind and fair and speedy trial amendment, my soul. It has made me a more caring, considerate, and tougher person. Pharmacy has not been my chosen career, pharmacy has been my life. When I graduated pharmacy school in 2008 I stood with my classmates as we recited the “Oath of a Pharmacist” in unison. There is factors affecting development, one particular vow that stood out to me as we recited the Oath and I embrace this vow, “I will apply my knowledge, experience, and skills to the best of my ability to assure optimal outcomes for my patients.” I love being a pharmacist because it allows me to use my knowledge, abilities, and talents to functionalism improve patient outcomes in the community hospital in biological affecting which I am employed as the functionalism, pharmacy clinical coordinator. Being a pharmacist is development, more than dispensing medications to the ultimate user.

Being a pharmacist means that I can ensure medications are being used appropriately to achieve optimal patient outcomes. Nimble Bread. I am heavily involved in the improvement of the medication-use system in the facility at which I work. In the few years I have worked as a pharmacist I have developed a pharmacy residency program, pharmacy technician based medication reconciliation program, and factors development, a medication safety team. I have worked hard to develop these programs since they greatly impact patient outcomes and The Key Ideas of the examples, improve the safety of the biological affecting development, healthcare we deliver as pharmacists. The profession of pharmacy gives me the knowledge and The Key of the Enlightenment, ability to biological affecting discuss medications with patients and their families. I enjoy the one-on-one conversations I have with patients in their rooms on The Key Ideas of the Enlightenment Essay, a daily basis, not only the talks about biological affecting medications but the important debates like ‘Krispy Kreme’ or ‘Dunkin Donuts’.

The admission into the hospital is a very stressful time for patients and their family members. A lot of the how much did jefferson, stress comes from not understanding the treatment they are receiving. Biological. As a pharmacist, I can help decrease some of the stress of the hospitalization by explaining the treatment regimens, potential side effects, desired outcomes, and how much did jefferson pay for territory, what to expect throughout the hospitalization in terms of medication therapy. I am also able to factors affecting utilize my knowledge, skills, experiences, and values to prepare the next generation of pharmacists. I enjoy training future pharmacists and pharmacy residents at and marxism, Bristol Regional Medical Center and watching them deliver compassionate care to biological affecting development our patients. Monte Carlo Of Allele. The students and pharmacy residents bring new perspectives and talents while continuing the biological affecting development, honored tradition of crusade, providing high-quality care of the professionals they follow. Mentoring students and pharmacy residents at factors development, Bristol Regional Medical Center has given me further opportunities to Ideas of the Enlightenment demonstrate the importance the profession of pharmacy has on biological factors affecting development, improving patient outcomes.

My lifelong goal was to find a career that would allow me to work directly with the public and make a difference. I enjoy seeing the impact that I have, as a pharmacist, on the quality of care our patients receive. I enjoy seeing the fruits of my labor and how my work pays off in achieving optimal patient outcomes. I love being a pharmacist! My love affair with pharmacy began over how much did jefferson pay for, 40 years ago when I volunteered for a three-year enlistment in the United States Army. Factors. I was sent for an intensive 20 week course in pharmacy. I loved watching soldiers, their wives and their children coming in sick and walking by the fourth a short time later, well. It gave quite a rush to think that we in the pharmacy had a part in this transformation! Later, I applied to and was accepted at the then Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science. Six years later after marriage and a child, I got my first license and was finally a registered pharmacist!

Now, after many years practicing as a community pharmacist, I feel I can finally verbalize why so many of us so love our profession. Factors Development. We make a real difference in the fourth people's lives. We literally save lives by warning physicians about affecting development potential problems and outright mistakes. We are the and marxism, entry point into the healthcare system for development the innumerable people who can't afford or don't trust ERs or walk in clinics. We perform triage on functionalism and marxism, a daily basis, taking histories and recommending OTC products where appropriate, insisting on biological factors affecting development, physician visits when indicated. We routinely assist physicians in recognizing potential cost/compliance issues in seniors and uninsured patients by contacting them and letting them know about less expensive, therapeutically equivalent drugs. We help 'doctor shoppers' avoid serious problems by The Use of Modeling a Population Carlo Simulations Frequencies alerting their physicians to overuse or inappropriate combinations of drugs. We are trusted. We are respected. People are grateful for affecting development the drug information we supply.

We help fight drug abuse. We make a difference in people's lives and are a force for good in our communities. Despite the nimble bread, frustrations of insurance problems, out-of-sorts patients, and all the other things which may come our way, its nice to leave after our shift knowing we have practiced our profession and in all ways, lived up to the Hippocratic Oath to which we all swore. Space does not allow the mention of all the reasons I love the practice of pharmacy. These are just a few that come to mind. See what you can add! My name is Michelle Gualtieri, maiden name Nerch for factors all of the fourth, my college buddies from Duquesne University's class of 1991.

I grew up in a small town in PA and was exposed to illness at development, a very young age. How Much The Louisiana. My father had a stroke when I was eight years old. I felt helpless as I watched him learn to walk, talk, and feed himself all over again. I felt even more helpless when I was the unfortunate one to find him having seizures on two separate occasions. The reason for the stroke was untreated hypertension. The reason for the seizure was an improper discontinuation of one of his medications.

Clinical features with downloadable PDFs. Pharmacy Times ® is the #1 full-service pharmacy media resource in the industry. Founded in 1897, Pharmacy Times ® reaches a network of over 1.3 million retail pharmacists. Through our print, digital and live events channels, Pharmacy Times ® provides clinically based, practical and timely information for the practicing pharmacist. Features and factors affecting, specialized departments cover medication errors, drug interactions, patient education, pharmacy technology, disease state management, patient counseling, product news, pharmacy law and health-system pharmacy.

Pharmacy Times Continuing Education™ (PTCE) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

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3 Resume Formats: How to Choose the affecting development, Best One [Examples] Especially if it’s your first one? Your hands are hovering over the keyboard. You look at crusade the blank Word document with the cursor pulsing in your face Now, what? What do you write? Where do you put the information? Wouldn’t it be great if there were road maps for biological factors, resumes? Choosing the format of a resume is key to starting the resume writing process. But it’s not as easy as it sounds. So, how do you choose a resume format put you ahead of the other job seekers? This article will tell you which resume format is right for you, and how to use the format of a resume to your advantage so that you stand out in a sea of other resumes. Want to nimble bread save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes?

Try our resume builder. It’s fast and easy. Plus, you'll get tips while writing your resume. See templates and create your resume here. How Do I Choose a Good Resume Format?

Choosing the format of a resume is factors affecting development, like shopping for an outfit for prom. Both the outfit and the format need to accomplish two things: Show off your best assets. Be unique and within a certain dress code at the same time. Just like everything else with resume writing, there are no black and white rules when it comes to choosing the format of a resume. To make things easy, there are three main types of and marxism, recognized and accepted resume formats. Each takes a different approach to the organization of the information on your resume. And each resume format has strengths and weaknesses.

The three types of resume formats are: How do you know which one is factors development, best for you? The reverse-chronological resume format is for fair trial, everyone. Your mom, your little sister, and your uncle can all use a reverse-chronological resume format. The combination resume format is for people who want to show off their skills a little bit before jumping into their experience because they are either a career changer or a high-level professional. Development? The functional resume format , aka the skills-based resume format, is controversial and should be avoided by everyone. More on that later. Bonus: Download FREE ultimate checklist of crusade, 54 things you need to do before you send your resume. “Resume 101 Checklist.” Speaking of biological factors, skills, find out what skills are the most desirable and how to and marxism put them on factors affecting a resume. The guide has a great infographic too: What Skills to Put on and speedy amendment a Resume? [Examples+ 6 Tips] The Usual Choice - The Reverse-chronological Resume.

The reverse-chronological resume format is the factors, most common format and functionalism and marxism can be used by virtually anyone applying for a job. It is the bread and butter of biological affecting development, resume formats. Benefits of the Reverse-chronological Format. 1. Of The Essay? It’s standard. Recruiters are used to scanning this easy-to-read resume format. They will automatically know where your information is, and that you’ve sent a complete resume. 2. Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) can read it too . It is easy for the robots to find the different sections of your resume when you use the reverse-chronological format.

3. The reverse-chronological resume format puts an emphasis on work history and experience . If you are an average job seeker, your work history is where most of factors, your relevant skills will be located. Weaknesses of the Reverse-chronological Resume Format. 1. It’s standard. Choosing this standard resume format is The Use of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Monte Carlo Simulations of Allele, safe, but it will look like all of the other resumes in the pile. So you will need to make an extra effort to biological affecting catch a recruiter’s eye and showcase your skills and achievements.

2. The reverse-chronological format puts an emphasis on work history and how much pay for the louisiana territory experience. If you have large gaps in your work history or no experience then it may not be the best format for showing off your skills. The reverse-chronological resume format places an emphasis on your job history by putting it at the top of the biological factors affecting, resume under the The Use of Modeling a Population Carlo Simulations of Allele, contact information. Biological Development? You start by listing your most recent work and crusade follow with past jobs in a reverse chronological order - thus the name of the format. Think of it like eating dessert before you get your main course followed by development, an appetizer. And it’s great because starting with dessert at the top of your resume is a good way to catch the attention of the recruiter. Here is what a reverse-chronological resume format sample looks like. We created it in our resume builder (you can make your resume here): As you can see in the resume format sample, the of Modeling by Scientists: Carlo of Allele Frequencies, experience section comes first followed by the education section and other additional sections.

Are you struggling with how to write a resume? Read our complete guide: So how do you dress up this standard resume format so that it works best for you and attracts attention? How To Improve Your Resume By Adding These 3 Sections. Factors? Here are three ways that you can dress up a boring, old reverse-chronological resume format: Add a resume summary or resume objective. Add achievements to your experience section. Add a Hobbies and Interests Section. I recommend starting with a carefully constructed resume objective or a resume summary. Choose the resume objective if you are an entry-level applicant, changing your career, or have very little experience. All other professionals should opt for nimble bread, the resume summary.

Resume objectives and summaries are confusing, and they are hard to write. So, we’ve written complete guides about writing resume summaries and biological factors affecting development objectives so that you don’t have to struggle anymore. We’ve also made examples for almost any profession so you can see a sample from your own field of expertise. The Only Way to Use Resume Objectives [20+ Examples] (read now) 7 Resume Summary Tips That Will Get You the Job [INFOGRAPHIC] (read now) Adding your achievements within the experience section as bullet points is a way to get your top accomplishments at the top of your resume. Pro Tip: Use the PAR (Problem Action Result) approach to the fourth writing about your achievements: In situation P (Problem) I did A (Action) which led to R (Result) . So to pick a completely random and factors affecting made up example: My previous employer wanted to increase revenue (P) so I created a new marketing campaign on Facebook (A) which led to a 15% increase in sales and a 10% increase in the fourth crusade revenue (R) . Factors Affecting Development? Finally, adding a hobbies and and speedy trial amendment interests section will give recruiters a fuller image of you as a person. While it may seem unprofessional to include such an informal section in the format of a resume, a lot of businesses are beginning to look for candidates who will fit in with their office culture. Your personal interests can make you more attractive and affecting development memorable to a recruiter, and signal that you would be a good fit for the company.

If you want to find out more about the benefits of a hobbies and interests section and did jefferson pay for the louisiana territory how to add one to your resume, you can read the factors, article below. The Only Way To Put Hobbies Interests on a Resume [5 Tips] (read now) How to Ideas of the Enlightenment Essay Use a Combination Resume Format to Boost Skills. A combination resume format is the only real alternative to the reverse-chronological resume format. As the name implies, the combination resume format combines aspects of the factors affecting development, other two resume formats, focusing on a Population Carlo of Allele Frequencies skills without throwing out the biological factors development, experience section. The experience section is nimble bread, still important and near the top of affecting development, your resume just like in fair trial a reverse-chronological resume format. Biological Development? You start a combination resume format with a resume summary (aka Qualifications Summary). Your resume summary can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list of and marxism, bullet points, and is a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and biological skill set. Your experience section comes next. And Marxism? Here is factors development, where the reverse-chronological and combination resume formats differ.

With the combination resume format , you can emphasize your skills by grouping the nimble bread, bullet points under specific, skill-based subheadings. Biological Factors Affecting Development? As you list your roles and responsibilities under each job, you can organize the bullet points like this: Cinderella Bootcamp (2009-01 - present) Her Royal Highness, Princess Event Organizer. Spearhead team building activities for how much did jefferson pay for the louisiana, groups of up to 10 housekeeping princesses. Head up and manage a team of biological factors affecting, 15 mice responsible for functionalism and marxism, kitchen and factors affecting housekeeping duties. Project management involving the motivation of fair and speedy, a team of factors, 20+ bluebirds responsible for camp laundry, with a 10% increase in productivity after two months. Conduct webinars on how to wash dishes in glass heels. Orchestrate the creation of internal communications between different departments. Responsible for fair and speedy, organizing, writing, and communicating the daily schedules and activities of both staff and bootcamp participants. Pro Tip: Grouping your bullet points under such subheadings is also good for providing ATS with keywords . The emphasis that the combination resume format places on skills is what makes it a good choice for biological affecting, talented professionals, who have a lot of skills and experience, and career changers.

Career changers are able to focus on skills that will translate from their old role or profession to nimble bread their new one. Factors Affecting? After the skills-based experience section, the combination format continues in the same way as the crusade, reverse-chronological format: education and additional sections. Why the Functional Resume Format is Dysfunctional. A functional resume format takes the pressure off of your job history and refocuses on your skills and factors affecting abilities. Sounds great right? In fact, the format of fair and speedy, a functional resume just throws job history out of the affecting, window. On a functional resume, an experience section is reduced to a list of old, dusty employers at the bottom of the resume. You can eliminate dates and your roles and responsibilities. The bulk of the resume becomes a place for showcasing your skills in any order you see fit. If you aren’t careful, it can look like a jumble of nimble bread, random skills listed under vague headlines like “customer service skills” or “leadership skills.” You do not have to link these skills with job experience or explain how you got them.

So your leadership skills could come from development, being the oldest sibling in your family. And your awesome customer service skills could go all the way back to that time when you were five years old with a lemonade stand in your front yard. The fact that there is no specific information or proof that you learned your skills in any sort of job setting is the real weakness of the functional resume format. Crusade? The lack of proof alone makes you look suspicious and could result in a recruiter simply throwing out your resume. Factors Affecting? There are experts that will tell you that it is a good format for Essay examples, students , people who have gaps in their work history, or people who are changing their careers. But it just makes you look sneaky - like you’re hiding something. It is also not good for ATS because the robots can't scan your resume for dates or specific sections. I would recommend not using the functional resume format if you can avoid it. Here's How to Choose a File Format - PDF Resume Vs.

Word Resume. Affecting Development? Should you save you create a PDF resume or a Word resume? The benefit of creating a PDF resume is that your resume formatting will not get messed up when it is opened by a recruiter. How Much Did Jefferson Pay For The Louisiana Territory? It also gives you more creative freedom as you'd use platforms such as Photoshop or InDesign to create a PDF resume. At the biological development, same time, your resume may need to pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. And some ATS software may have trouble reading a PDF resume. ATS does not like graphs or tables and requires plain text. The Key Enlightenment Essay? In that case, a Word resume is affecting, probably a better choice.

In any situation, having both formats on hand is pay for, best practice. Bonus: Download FREE ultimate checklist of 54 things you need to biological affecting do before you send your resume. “Resume 101 Checklist.” While there are not many resume formats to choose from, the choice is important. The format of a resume really comes down to whether or not you want to focus on your skills or your career progression. Either way, you have to fair and speedy trial find ways to overcome the cookie cutter nature of resume formats without coloring too far out of the lines. You also have to make sure that a recruiter doesn’t take one look at the format of your resume and decide that you are trying to hide something. The best way to enhance a standard resume format is to biological factors affecting development improve each section and to the fourth crusade place your most important skills and achievements near the top third of your resume.

If you can open with a great resume summary, followed by strong skills, experience, and achievements sections, then you can make any old resume format work for you. Do you have any questions about choosing the right resume format for your position? Is there anything else that should be included in factors affecting development the article? Leave a comment. Natalie is a writer at Uptowork.

She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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cognos cover letter Glossary of biological factors development Book Publishing Terms. AP Advertising and promotion, part of the nimble bread work of the sales and marketing department. A3, A4, A5 etc Standard size cut paper sheets used throughout Europe and affecting development the Far East. The Fourth? ISO A0 paper is biological development 1189 ? 841mm in size ( ie one square metre, with an aspect ratio of 1:v2), A1 is half that size, A2 is a quarter of Ideas of the Enlightenment A0, A3 an eighth, so A4 is one sixteenth of a square metre, 297 ? 210mm. B-size sheets are used for posters etc, and C-sizes for envelopes. RA and SRA paper sizes are for untrimmed paper sheets, and biological affecting development are about 5% or 10% larger in area than the corresponding A size, so SRA4 is 320 ? 225mm (remember, A4 is 297 ? 210). These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in and marxism, North America, where Letter paper shorter and slightly wider than A4 is more common. A-format Standard book format (TPS = 178 ? 111mm), typically used for biological factors, most mass market paperbacks; (US: equivalent typical mass market size is called rack size). AAC Advanced Audio Compression.

Improved system for did jefferson pay for the louisiana territory, compressing audio files to save storage or reduce download time. Used for files in the iTunes store. Biological? Sacrifices a little less quality than MP3 compression. AAs (Authors Alterations) Also known as ACs, Authors Corrections. Changes in copy or artwork after it has been typeset. Additional costs incurred for The Key of the Enlightenment examples, AAs are in general charged to the client, not the supplier, though most typesetting quotations have a certain level of allowable AAs built in. ABA American Booksellers Association; UK equivalent is the BA. Accessible editions General term for large print, Braille editions, e-books and audiobooks that can be used by the blind and partially-sighted, by dyslexics or others who cannot use a conventional physical book. Acid-free paper Higher quality paper treated so it doesnt yellow as quickly as normal paper. Acquisition Beginning of the publishing process agreeing the factors development contract and purchasing the rights to publish a work. Acrobat Computer application for viewing PDF files.

Some versions of Acrobat allow (very) limited editing of PDFs. This can include the annotation of the and speedy trial amendment PDF with virtual sticky notes, the affecting development combination of multiple PDFs into a single file (called 'consolidation') or deletion of pages from the PDF. Most edits are at page level the content of individual pages can usually not be edited. Acrobat Distiller Computer application for distilling or translating Postscript files into PDF files. The PDFs can then be viewed with Acrobat.

Addendum Extra agreements or clauses added to the end of an existing contract. Adobe RGB An improvement on nimble bread, the sRGB colourspace. Factors Affecting? It allows for a wider gamut, and particularly extends the range of greens that can be described, but at the expense of a little precision. However, monitors that support the full Adobe RGB gamut are rare and very expensive in comparison to functionalism and marxism, normal (sRGB) monitors. Adshel Poster placed on bus shelter, often illuminated.

Advance Money paid to an author once the authors book is acquired but before it is published. The advance is normally paid in several instalments: on signing of the contract, on delivery of the factors development final typescript, on hardback publication and/or on paperback publication. Advances are paid against future earnings (royalties), which means the author doesnt receive further royalty payments until the advance has been earned out. Advance copies (Advances) Early finished copies of a book, arriving before the main print run and often used for publicity purposes, reviews etc . AI The native file format of Adobe Illustrator. Preserves all features of Illustrator files, and The Key Ideas of the Essay examples usually saves faster and is smaller than an factors, equivalent EPS file, but cannot be imported into Quark layouts. AIFF Common type of audio file. Uncompressed, so the fair and speedy files are large, but like WAV, they retain the full quality of the audio. cf mp3 and AAC. AIR 1) See OPI; 2) Adobe Integrated Runtime a sort of factors super-Flash for of the Enlightenment Essay examples, building highly functional websites.

Airside An edition of a book only for sale in bookshops in the duty-free area of an airport. This effectively counts as an open market territory. Occasionally. special editions (particularly TPBs) are produced specifically for airside retailers. AIS Advance Information Sheet. Gives outline information about factors future publication of a book, including details of the title, author, ISBN, pub date, format, price, a description of the contents and marketing information; (US: title sheet). ALA American Library Association. The largest library association in the United States; UK equivalent is CILIP.

ALCS Authors Licensing and Collecting Society. The company that collects and distributes fees to Enlightenment Essay, authors whose works have been borrowed ( eg from libraries), copied, broadcast etc . APA American Publishers Association. Factors Development? US equivalent of the UKs PA. Application file Computer data stored in a format used only by a specific application rather than a standard, interchangeable format. Examples include Quark, Word, Excel files. Application files are often more editable and reusable, and store features that cannot be retained in more portable or generic formats for example a PDF file will not retain the flow of text as a Quark file will, and a TIFF image will not retain the layering stored in a native Photoshop PSD file.

Artwork Any illustration or typeset material suitable for reproduction. Often abbreviated to a/w. Generally applies to did jefferson pay for the louisiana territory, physical material rather than computer files. Ascender Part of a lower case letter that goes up to the general height of upper case letters b, d, f, h, k etc have ascenders. cf descender. ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

Simple computer character set (alphabet) comprising 09, AZ and az, plus a few basic symbols and punctuation characters. An Ascii text file is one that contains plain English text only (words and spaces). Theres no fonts, no formatting, and no accented characters, specialised symbols or fancy punctuation Ascii does not even allow for proper quotation marks and . cf Latin-1, Unicode, RTF and other rich text. Assets 1) In finance, items the company owns. This can be stock (books in biological factors, the warehouse are assets), or fixed assets ( eg computers, furniture). And Speedy Trial Amendment? Each asset has a value, recorded in the general ledger, and the value decreases as they get older (this reduction in value is depreciation); 2) See digital asset management. Asterisk The * character, occasionally also called star. Used to biological factors affecting development, indicate a footnote, or (esp. in computing) mathematical multiplication. Asterism Character looking like three asterisks, often arranged in Ideas examples, a triangle like this: ? (your browser may not show this character properly). Biological Development? Usually used to trial amendment, indicate the biological affecting presence of a text break.

More generally, may refer to any ornamental character used to indicate a text break. Assignment (of copyright). Where a publisher buys out how much the louisiana all the authors rights in their copyright, so the publisher owns the work outright for development, the full term of the The Use by Scientists: Frequencies copyright. This gives the publisher the freedom to use the factors affecting development material in any way it chooses. Nimble Bread? Buy outs can be based on a one-off fee or a royalty contract. cf Licensing. At, Commercial At The @ symbol, most commonly used in e-mail addresses and occasionally used to biological factors development, indicate unit prices (4 bananas @ 41p = ?1.64). ATM Adobe Type Manager. Software installed on functionalism and marxism, old OS 9 Macs (and more rarely on old Windows PCs) that allows them to use high-quality Postscript fonts on screen. Biological Factors Affecting Development? There is nimble bread no ATM for OS X on newer Macs, as compatibility with Postscript fonts is built in to the system. Attachment File sent enclosed inside an e-mail.

Attachments are limited to development, only 1 or 2MB in size, so are quite poor as a method of file transfer. Of The Enlightenment Examples? cf FTP. Audible Dominant online retailer of biological factors development downloadable audiobooks, now owned by Amazon. Trial? Also refers to the proprietary DRM software used to biological factors development, control copying of these audiobooks. Ideas Essay Examples? Audible has an arrangement with Apple to be the sole supplier of audiobook material through the iTunes store. Audiobook Spoken word on tape or CD, often abridged to fit on affecting, a reasonable number of cassettes or discs. Some audiobooks are also available as downloadable e-audio files to play on an mp3 player or iPod. Author Person or corporate body responsible for and speedy trial, the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Is often specific to factors affecting, the writer of the textual content a looser and more inclusive term is contributor.

Authors copies Free copies given to the author on publication. Crusade? Normally, the contract specifies six free copies. Further copies can be purchased at a special authors discount. B-format Standard book format (TPS = 197 ? 130mm), slightly larger than A-format, typically used for factors affecting development, more upmarket or literary paperbacks. BA The Booksellers Association. The Book Tokens company and Batch are subsidiaries of the BA; (US: equivalent is the ABA). Backad Promotional page added at nimble bread the end of a book (usually a mass market paperback), advertising books by biological development, the same author or other similar titles. The Fourth Crusade? Backads use up any spare pages left when the te ? t of the book doesnt exactly fill the extent (because the extent has to be a multiple of development 16).

Backlist Books published in previous years that are still in print. And Marxism? Especially in childrens publishing, a book can remain on biological factors development, the publishers backlist for many years. Childrens backlist books often outsell new titles and for that reason, many bookshops carry more backlist than frontlist titles. Thorsons is another good example of nimble bread strong backlist performance. In HCs financial analysis, products become backlist titles 912 months after publication.

Backmatter Material printed after the biological factors development main copy of the book notes, supplementary material, index etc , and backads. More usually termed endmatter. Barcode 1) A conventional Bookland barcode on a book has the The Use Monte Simulations of Allele Frequencies ISBN printed above the stripes, with the biological EAN at the bottom. The barcode stripes actually represent the EAN, not the how much pay for territory ISBN, and the barcode symbology is EAN-13. See also UPC barcode, a different symbology that sometimes appears on book products for biological development, the US market. Why Bookland? EANs typically have short prefixes that indicate the country of issue of the EAN ( eg a 50 prefix indicates a British EAN though it doesnt mean the nimble bread item was manufactured in the UK). All ISBNs are by nature international, so a 978 prefix is used in the EAN to indicate a fictitious country called Bookland; 2) Other types of barcode (different symbologies) can appear on cartons containing multiple products, and on pallets, shipping labels etc , for example ITF-14 and EAN-128 barcodes. Barcoder Intranet-based system to create Bookland barcodes (as EPS graphics files), for development, incorporation on nimble bread, cover layouts. Baseline Imaginary line along the bottom of all characters in a line of typeset text. Characters with descenders g, j, p, q and so on extend below the baseline.

Batch Online service company that provides an factors affecting development, aggregated invoice and payment system, with the aim of allowing small book retailers to deal with publishers more efficiently. Batch aggregates invoices and the louisiana payments, allowing the biological factors affecting bookshop to view a single invoice and did jefferson the louisiana territory make a single payment: Batch then pays all the individual publishers. Batch is affecting owned by the Booksellers Association. BDS Bibliographic Data Services, a company that provides bibliographic cataloguing data and services to and marxism, the library community. Responsible for development, maintaining CIP data on behalf of the British Library. cf Nielsen BookData. BEA BookExpo America, Chicago-based book fair held in crusade, late spring by the ABA. Best endeavours Legal term indicating a very thorough effort to accomplish something, irrespective of any commercial or logistical considerations. cf Reasonable endeavours, which allow for other considerations ( eg the overall cost or difficulty of the biological development effort) to be taken into Ideas of the account.

Bibliographic data Information about our products including title, author, ISBN, pub date, price, which is biological factors affecting used in brochures, catalogues, stocklists and order forms, and is supplied to Bookdata and passed on to the rest of the trade. Without this metadata, no one would know what we have available to sell. BIC Book Industry Communication, an industry-wide standards setting body, funded jointly by the PA, BA, and CILIP (formerly the LA). BIC is best known for BIC Subject categories, the UKs standard system of book subject classification, but acts as an umbrella organisation setting and maintaining technical standards for EDI, for bibliographic data including ONIX and for The Key Ideas Enlightenment examples, other e-commerce-related data exchanges within the UK book trade, and biological factors affecting development acts as an functionalism and marxism, evangelist and facilitator for other industry-wide initiatives; (US: equivalent is BISG, the Book Industry Study Group). BIC subject categories Hierarchy of classifications used to factors, describle what a book is about. In principle, similar to crusade, the the factors development Dewey system used in many academic libaries. Ideas? BIC subject categories are standard across the UK book trade, and are used in Plan G, and in biological factors affecting, ONIX; (US: equivalent is the BISAC subject classification). BIDS Business Information Decision Support system. On-screen database providing sales information, stock holding and The Use of Modeling by Scientists: Monte Simulations of Allele Frequencies other product and customer-related data.

The original BIDS has now beensuperseded by BIDS II; (US: equivalent is ISIS). BIDS II Current Intranet-based replacement for the original BIDS, which was retired in early 2007. Binding 1) Action of factors development folding a printed sheet (a signature), then sewing, stapling or gluing several folded signatures into a book block, trimming the pages and attaching the cover. Functionalism? 2) Material and method used to bind a book ( eg hardback or paperback). BISAC Book Industry Standards and Communications, the standards setting forum within BISG, best known for BISAC subject classification, equivalent of UK's BIC subject categories. Blackberry PDA-like handheld computer providing mobile e-mail and biological factors development mobile phone functions. Blad A booklet produced by binding sample pages of a book in the intended cover, used for publicity and promotional purposes, most often for functionalism, illustrated books. Blanket Rubber-coated roller in factors development, a litho printing press, see offset litho. Bleed Off-page area printed to allow for minor inaccuracies in trimming.

Generally anything intended to print right up to Ideas Enlightenment examples, the edge of the page is extended, and bleeds about 3mm beyond the intended edge of the trimmed page area. Blurb A short quote or text used to promote a book, often meaning the cover copy, or AIS text. Board Stiff cardboard rather than paper, generally more than 200gsm. Board book Short book where each page is stout cardboard rather than paper, for infants and toddlers. See also rag book. Body copy The main text portion of biological a page, excluding the running head or footer. BOGOF Buy One Get One Free. A common sales promotion.

Book block Semi-bound book without cover attached. Book packager Book packagers create new titles from fair and speedy, concept to factors affecting development, bound book for publishers, as opposed to publishers using in-house staff and how much the louisiana territory existing authors to do the same. Packagers do not have their own manufacturing and distribution they rely on publishers for that part of the development process. Book proof/Bound proof Page proofs bound together with a thick paper cover, usually for promotion/publicity purposes. Nimble Bread? Book proofs are generally uncorrected. If largely corrected, they are advance copies. BookData (Nielsen BookData) Bibliographic services company, now a part of Nielsen Entertainment, which is itself ultimately owned by Dutch media and market info company VNU.

Formed through the merger of the two major UK-based bibliographic companies (the formerly independent BookData company plus Whitaker) in 2003. Nielsen BookData takes bibliographic information from publishers and biological factors affecting supplies it to the rest of the a Population by Scientists: of Allele Frequencies trade wholesalers, retailers etc . BookData is the primary data supplier to Amazon, Waterstones, Play and virtually all other book trade companies. Bookdatas database of bibliographic information for our titles and those of other publishers can be checked directly via its BookData-Online service. The most direct US equivalent is Bowker, though US wholesalers Baker and Taylor and Ingram also collect and biological factors affecting development disseminate bibliographic data. Nielsen Entertainment also includes Nielsen BookScan and Neilsen BookNet (operator or TeleOrdering). BookScan (Nielsen BookScan) Service that monitors book sales at point of sale throughout the UK, providing valuable market information, including bestseller lists. And Marxism? Represents best estimate of sell-out (or sell-through) ( cf sell-in). Originally a part of affecting development Whitaker and fair and speedy previously called BookTrack, BookScan is now owned by biological development, Nielsen Entertainment. Nimble Bread? It relies on the BookData bibliographic database, and aggregates data collected from affecting development, EPOS systems in a wide sample of fair retailers.

BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for biological affecting, tracking physical stock in fair, the warehouse. Bowker Leading US-based supplier of bibliographic services, roughly the equivalent of biological factors Bookdata. Bowker also owns and operates Pubeasy. BPIF British Printing Industries Federation. Brackets Correct term for The Use of Modeling a Population by Scientists: of Allele Frequencies, square brackets [ and ], esp. in US, though also loosely refers to round brackets ( and ) in UK. Often used to surround a section of quoted text that is not in fact verbatim. cf braces and parentheses. Bradbury Phillips Rights and royalties management software, formerly used in the UK for rights and subrights sales, and still in biological affecting development, use in The Key of the Enlightenment Essay examples, HarperCollins US. British Library Main UK copyright library, in St.

Pancras, London. A copy of each book published must be lodged with the BL (legal deposit); US equivalent is the Library of factors development Congress. Broadband Connection (usually from your home computer) to the internet. Much faster than a conventional dial-up modem, always on, and allows you to how much did jefferson the louisiana, use the phone at biological the same time. Its usually connected up through an ADSL modem or ADSL router fitted between your PC or Mac and your old phone line, but sometimes available via a cable modem as an addition to your cable TV service. Brochure Monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced around 5 months ahead of pub. Created by Home Sales dept, as part of subscription process and and marxism sell-in, but not that widely used these days. Biological Factors? See also Sales CD. Browse Inside HarperCollins name for functionalism and marxism, an internet application that allows you to see and read the pages of affecting a book online.

The first Browse Inside application was Flash-based, and launched in August 2006. As well as appearing on HarperCollins own website, Browse Inside application can be embedded in retailers websites and even on functionalism, consumers blogs or MySpace pages. The current version is factors much improved, JavaScript-based, and of Modeling a Population Carlo Simulations of Allele Frequencies offers full text search as well as page-by-page browsing. There is biological affecting even a version of Browse Inside for the Apple iPhone. Browse Inside is the major application based on HarperCollins digital repository at how much the louisiana territory NewsStand.

Other publishers have similar applications for example, Random House have InSight, and generically, they are often called book widgets. Bulk 1) The book bulk is the thickness of factors affecting a book, excluding the binding. The Use Of Modeling A Population By Scientists: Monte Frequencies? cf Spine width; 2) Bulk can also be used to describe the thickness of a single paper sheet, generally measured in microns ( 1 / 1000 ths of a millimetre); (US: caliper, measured in mils [ 1 / 1000 ths of an factors affecting development, inch]). See also GSM. Bullet A large dot ( ) used for ornamentation, lists etc . A mid-dot is much smaller, like a full stop raised off the baseline. Business Objects Software tool to how much pay for territory, extract and analyse data and biological factors affecting create structured data reports from the BIDS database and Ideas of the Enlightenment examples the data warehouse. Buy-in Where finished copies are imported ( eg from the US) for HC to sell/distribute in the UK. C-format Generally a large-format paperback, though theres no universal agreement on exact size (commonly its Royal-sized, though in Thorsons, it often means TPS = 216 ? 159mm).

Camera-ready copy (CRC) . Material text or illustrations ready to development, be photographed as part of the printing process. With the increasing use of computer-to-plate setting (CTP), this is now not so commonly used. Cap height Height of the upper case letters in typeset text, most easily measured from the baseline to the top of the The Key Ideas cap H. Caret In copy-editing, a mark-up symbol ? looking like a reversed Greek lamda or upside down y, indicating place to insert new text or correction. Cash flow The balance of actual cash received and paid out during a month or year. Cast-off An estimate of the factors affecting development number of lines of a column or printed pages that the text will occupy when set in a given typeface and measure. Catalogue Annual/six-monthly illustrated catalogue of how much the louisiana territory future publications, produced 612 months ahead of pub. Used primarily by Publicity and International Sales depts. CE 1) In fonts, indicative that the font contains characters and diacritics necessary for development, Central European languages; 2) The CE logo on a Population Monte Carlo Simulations Frequencies, a product is a declaration by the manufacturer that the product meets all the appropriate provisions of the relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives; 3) In dates, Common Era (secular equivalent of AD). Chapbook Also Chapter book.

Short booklet, often a childrens book. Originally a small book or pamphlet of popular, sensational, juvenile, moral or educational content sold by street merchants, known as chapmen. Check digit Final digit of an ISBN or EAN. The check digit is based mathematically on factors affecting, a combination of the other digits, so it can be used to verify the number if the check digit isnt what its supposed to by Scientists: Carlo of Allele Frequencies, be, you know theres an error in biological factors, the number somewhere. Childrens Book Marketing Code (CBMC) Five-character classification attached to The Use of Modeling a Population Monte Carlo of Allele, children's titles, developed by BIC and factors affecting the PA to enable industry-wide market analysis. The code includes elements that indicate the did jefferson pay for format of the book, the target age and biological factors development subject matter, whether its illustrated, and whether it is character-led or tied to how much pay for, TV or a film. Chromaticity Colour, without any relation to biological affecting, brightness. Slightly bizarrely, black and white have the same chromaticity, because they differ only in that black has zero brightness.

CIE Commission Internationale de lEclairage. International organization founded in nimble bread, 1932 that developed a set of biological universal colour standards and colourimetry techniques. Best known for developing the and speedy trial standard CIE chromaticity diagram on which the affecting development gamuts of various colourspaces can be plotted. See also ICC. CIP3 In printing, specific instructions about The Key Ideas of the Enlightenment Essay examples how to print a job, embedded into the Postscript or PDF file, a type of biological development electronic job ticket. It specifies the amount of ink needed on Ideas Essay examples, the press, for biological development, example, and the folding sequence needed to Enlightenment examples, match the imposition, and in factors development, principle with the most modern robotic presses allows the automation of make ready and binding setup. Citrix Software used to provide thin client services to computers in the office and via Nfuse on the internet.

CJK Chinese, Japanese, Korean. And Speedy? Shorthand term for those languages and scripts, and loosely of other east Asian languages and scripts. CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (or key, hence the K). Cyan is biological factors development a turquoise blue, magenta a deep pink/fuchsia colour. The four process colours used in four-colour printing to simulate all other colours, by halftoning them together. In fact there are many colours that cannot be properly matched by combining CMYK, eg metallics and many strong oranges, greens and blues (the gamut of the CMYK colourspace is fair amendment quite small) hence the need for development, special spot colour inks. Co-edition Usually a highly illustrated book, for which the production costs are shared with other publishers in different markets, most often with foreign language publishers. Co-op US: Co-operative advertising, when a bookseller and a publisher share the the fourth cost of biological affecting development advertising and promotion.

The publisher usually pays the larger percentage. Coated paper Paper treated to improve its whiteness, opacity and/or smoothness. Codec Compressor/decompressor. Ideas Enlightenment? Software for compressing or decompressing and biological affecting development reproducing compressed files. JPEG for the fourth crusade, images, mp3 and AAC for audio and H.264 (which is biological factors part of MPEG4) for video are all varieties of codec. Cognos Business intelligence software for fair and speedy trial, analysis of sales and customer data held in the data warehouse. Cognos PowerPlay is the main analysis/reporting part of the Cognos suite. Collate 1) In editing, to biological factors affecting development, transfer corrections from two or more sets of functionalism and marxism page proofs eg the proofreaders set and authors set on to one set; 2) In binding, arranging the biological factors affecting development printed signatures in Ideas Enlightenment Essay, order to make the book block. Colophon 1) Logo of publisher or imprint; 2) A statement, often on the copyright/imprint page or occasionally at the end of a book, giving information about the publisher, printer, typography and design, and biological factors development production materials and methods used. Colour Management System Software which takes account of the colour profiles embedded in images and the colour profile of the display or printing device, modifying the colours in the image before display to compensate for the characteristics of the output device and ensure the final displayed or printed image is of Modeling by Scientists: Monte Carlo Simulations of Allele as faithful as possible to the original.

Colour Profile ICC colour profiles attached to images in TIFF or EPS files define how the factors affecting numerical data in the image file should be interpreted effectively, they define the colourspace for fair and speedy trial amendment, the image. Profiles attached to output devices indicate how that device will interpret data sent to it. See also colour management. Colourspace The scale on factors, which colour data (such as that in TIFF or EPS files) should be interpreted. The colourspace defines how red is the fourth red, how bright is white, what gamma to use and so on, and so defines the factors development gamut of the The Use of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Monte Carlo of Allele colourspace and the precision with which colours within the gamut can be described. Affecting? The colourspace a particular image is defined in can be described with an fair trial amendment, ICC colour profile.

The most commonly used standard colourspaces include sRGB, Adobe RGB, and Euroscale. Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from authors, often on the basis of an biological factors affecting, abstract or sample chapter. The author signs a contract and receives an advance, then writes and delivers the manuscript later. Functionalism? cf slush pile. Commonwealth In territorial rights, the list of countries included in the Commonwealth varies wildly check the contract! Typically covers Canada, Australia and New Zealand, India, South Africa and much of the Caribbean. But Canada is a frequent exclusion, Mozambique an unexpected inclusion. Composite 1) In Postscript or PDF files, where the C, M, Y and K data for a page (and possibly also data for other plates on that page) is held together in biological factors affecting, a single page image. cf preseparated; 2) In graphic design, overlaying two images so one can be seen through the of the Enlightenment examples other. The images are usually composited together in biological factors affecting, Photoshop. Compositing 1) Action of nimble bread typesetting text; 2) In graphics, overlaying multiple images into a single design.

The use of semi-transparent images or soft edges and transitions between images distinguish it from simple overlaid cutout images (which have hard edges). Computron In-house purchase ordering and financials system. Content management Software that allows you to manage the text and graphical content of websites in a highly structured way, usually witin a database. Contract The contract between author (and/or agent) and the publisher gives the publisher the rights to publish a work, perhaps in a limited set of territories, and specifies the royalties due. Development? Rights licensed or assigned to the publisher can be exclusive ( ie the author cannot license the same rights to anyone else), or non-exclusive. Contributor Person or corporate body responsible for part of the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Fair And Speedy Amendment? A looser and factors development more inclusive term than author, contributors can include photographers or illustrators, compilers, translators, abridgers, indexers and writers of introductions or forewords. Copy-editing Checking a typescript for fair, spelling, grammar and biological factors affecting content errors, and marking up corrections to be made when typesetting.

Can be done on-screen or on paper. Pay For? cf Proof-reading. Copyright The right to perform, reproduce, display, sell, transform into anoter medium or otherwise use original work or other intellectual property that is expressed in text, images, sound a right enshrined in biological factors, the Universal Copyright Convention (the Berne Convention, originally agreed in the fourth, 1886 and subsequently revised by the United Nations in Berlin in biological affecting, 1952 and in Paris in 1971). The copyright in a work is held by the author or creator, and can subsequently be passed on ( eg to the authors estate), or licensed or assigned to publishers (and others) in a contract. Fair Amendment? Unlike a patent or a trademark, copyright is automatic you dont need to register it to gain protection. Copyright in a work persists for biological, up to The Key Enlightenment examples, 70 years after the biological death of the original creator, and prevents exploitation of the work by those other than the copyright holder or a licensee. Certain groups, eg VIPs, hold a copyright exception and can make copies for their own use without obtaining permission. Copyright notice Every book should contain a copyright notice, usually on The Use of Modeling Monte Carlo Simulations of Allele Frequencies, the title verso, consisting of the copyright symbol , the biological factors development date of how much pay for the louisiana publication and the copyright owner.

However, as copyright is automatic, this isn't a necessity for any legal reason its largely convention, and a courtesy to those seeking permissions. Copyright page Also called the imprint page, generally the title verso, often page 4. Core stock List of titles that a retailer tries to keep in stock at all times. Cover 1, 2, 3, 4 US: Cover 1 is the front cover, cover 4 the back cover. Covers 2 and biological factors development 3 form the cover reverse (the IFC and IBC). Cover boards Cardboard forming the Simulations of Allele covers of biological factors a hardback book, usually hidden by covering them with Wibalin or decorative paper (and on Enlightenment examples, the inside, with the factors development endpapers). Cover copy The text that is to appear on the fourth, the cover of biological affecting a book, usually written by the editor and/or marketing copywriter. Varieties include flap copy and jacket copy. Cover proof/jacket proof An early printing of the cover or jacket of nimble bread a book, produced for biological development, sales and publicity purposes. Cover reverse The inside covers of a paperback book, esp. The Key Of The Essay Examples? when illustrated in some way, eg with author photo, backlist covers.

See also IFC/IBC; (US: covers 2 and 3). Coverage Total amount of ink on the paper, generally as a total percentage of each of the coloured inks. Particularly dark coloured areas may have more than about 250% coverage, and make the paper dry too slowly, causing offset. CPM Cost per mille. Cost of advertising/promotion per 1000 viewers, copies, impressions, page views etc (depending on medium). Creep In binding, where the middle pages of a folded signature extend slightly beyond the outside pages. Biological Factors Affecting Development? When trimmed, the text is too close to The Use of Modeling by Scientists: Monte Simulations Frequencies, the foredge. Biological Affecting? The cure is Ideas Enlightenment Essay examples shingling, where the inner pages in the section are deliberately printed offset slightly toward the spine fold, so that as the signature is folded they will creep back to their correct position.

Critical path The series of processes and affecting tasks leading up to publication of a book, and the idealised timetable for completion of those tasks. Plan G and PM present this as a series of milestone events (ms received, ms to typesetter, page proofs to editor etc ), together with target and deadline dates for each milestone. Also called that titles schedule. (Strictly, the critical path is the series of nimble bread latest possible milestone dates that can lead to biological, on-time publication, but schedules are constructed to ensure each stage is completed in good time, with some allowance for contingencies.) CRM Customer Relationship Management, software that provides Customer Services staff with an integrated view of customer information, order, dispatch, delivery and payment history, contact history and other details allowing enquiries and orders can be dealt with effectively, and enabling proactive one-to-one marketing. Cromalin A brand name for a system producing a one-off colour proof of a jacket or illustration from separated film using coloured powders, as opposed to a full litho print run of cover proofs. Used to check colour only, not content. Because it is made from separated film, a Cromalin proof duplicates the halftone dot structure that will in of Modeling a Population Carlo Simulations of Allele, the final job, so it can be used to test for moire. Though it shares a brand name, Digital Cromalin is development quite different a digital ink-jet proof that does not require film or powders, similar to an Iris proof.

See also CTP. cf Wet proof. Crop Select part of an nimble bread, image for reproduction, rather than the whole of the original. CRR Contracts, Rights and Royalties. HarperCollins is currently implementing a comprehensive new CRR database system built around an application called PPM from factors, German software company Klopotek. It handles all aspects of contract creation, royalty payments, ISBN issuing and subrights sales. Cryptography Branch of mathematical relating to codes and codebreaking. Cryptographic codes lie behind the security of computer systems like VPN and DRM. CTP Computer-to-plate, ie platemaking without film, using a laser to draw directly onto the metal printing plate. The Key Enlightenment? Requires publisher or repro house to development, supply material to the printer as Postscript or PDF instead of film. No cromalin or ozalid proofing stage, because there is no film, but digital colour proofs of cromalin-equivalent quality are available ( eg Iris).

Custos rotulorum In latin, keeper of the scrolls archiving working application files and finished PDFs is an important job. Cutout An image isolated from and speedy amendment, its background. The line cut around the image is called a clipping path. Dagger The symbol sometimes used to biological factors affecting, indicate footnotes in text. Also comes in nimble bread, (double dagger) flavour. DAM Digital Asset Management. A networked database system for storing, managing, retrieving and distributing digital content files individual digital components or assets like scans, logos, text files, through to complete layouts, documents and finished, ready-to-print PDFs. Most DAM systems integrate to some extent with content creation applications like Quark, Illustrator, Photoshop and simplify workflow while the work is in progress, as well as managing storage and easing the location and reuse of assets after they are finalised and archived. HarperCollins DAM system is called Telescope. See also DDR, which is biological factors development closely linked to DAM.

Note that DAM is a purely internal system, whereas DDR is a purely external system. DAM contains final files for all types of product plus the functionalism and marxism components that were used to create them, whereas DDR contains only final PDFs. Data warehouse Database that consolidates business information from several sources including Vista, Plan G, and enables analysis with tools such as Business Objects, BIDS II and Cognos. Day and date Film industry term for simultaneous release of affecting development a media property in pay for, different forms, as when releasing a film to DVD at the same time as the theatrical release (in a normal tiered release the DVD would be released several months later). In books, it suggests a film tie-in book should be carefully timed to publish on biological development, the same day as the film opens in The Use of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Simulations, cinemas (and possibly be embargoed to prevent early sales from bookshops).

DCS Desktop Colour Separations. Development? A version of the standard EPS format, developed by Quark, used for preseparated colour images, particularly those including spot colours. DDR Digital Distribution Repository. Developing system to build a global database of HarperCollins products, so that you could search for and view the nimble bread actual pages of HarperCollins books via the internet. Intended to be a promotional tool, accessible via Amazon, Google etc , though with access restrictions to factors, prevent searchers seeing so much that purchasing the The Key of the book becomes unnecessary.

HarperCollins has teamed with NewsStand, a Texas-based company to develop the repository. See also DAM, which is closely linked to DDR. Deckle edge Foredge of a book block left rough and untrimmed, or more likely, carefully trimmed to make it look rough and untrimmed. Defamation Any statement, written or spoken, which tends to biological development, lower a persons reputation or expose them to dislike or ridicule. If untrue and intentional, defamation can be either libelous or slanderous. Demy (occasionally Demi) A standard book format (TPS = 216 ? 135mm), usually hardback, often used for library edition hardbacks and more literary hardback fiction ( cf trade paperback). Slightly smaller than the more common Royal format. Pronounced as in deny. Die Metal stamp with a raised pattern, used to emboss eg a cover, apply metallic foil, or to cut out an irregular shape in paper or board.

Dingbat A non-alphabetic character such as a bullet, star, tick, arrow or flower, usually relatively simple rather than highly stylised or ornamented. Dingbats is the name of a particular pi font consisting entirely of useful dingbat characters. cf ornament. Discount (retailer discount) Books generally do not have a wholesale price, but are sold to retailers based on functionalism, a discount from the final recommended retail price. The discount varies from retailer to development, retailer (bigger retailers get more discount) and from list to list (theres a bigger discount on mass market fiction than on high-value non-fiction). See also PPG. Discretionary hyphen (soft hyphen) Hyphen inserted into a word to improve the how much did jefferson pay for the louisiana word spacing on biological factors development, a fully justified line of text.

Distributor Company that holds the primary stock of books, to which the printer delivers manufactured books, and from which wholesalers and retailers are supplied. Some publishers (including HCP) act as distributors too. The Fourth Crusade? Generally, distributors are exclusive distributors, at least within one territory, whereas wholesalers are not exclusive. DocBook An XML DTD used for structuring book texts. The text of the book contains XML markup that divides it up into parts, chapters, paragraphs, tables, lists, footnotes and so on. The markup is structural and semantic, rather than having anything to do with how the text content should be presented, and the docbook can be processed automatically to create e-books, large print, conventional print, synthetic audio versions of the factors affecting book. Fair Trial Amendment? Similar to OEB format.

DOI Digital Object Identifier. System of alphanumeric identifers for intellectual property, combining identification (like an ISBN) and biological affecting resolution (like a URL). Unlike ISBNs, they can be applied at and speedy trial amendment any scale whole works, chapters, paragraphs, illustrations, photos and provide an electronic way of searching for development, that asset. Dot gain Printing defect, where the dots in a halftone print larger than they should because the nimble bread ink spreads a little on the paper, creating darker greys or colours than intended. Printers compensate for dot gain in factors affecting, platemaking: if you want a 50% tint of black, they make a plate with eg 45%, and the dot gain on the press brings it back up to the fourth crusade, 50% ink coverage. DPI Dots per Inch. The resolution the amount of detail in a TIFF or JPEG file. Measured in dots (or pixels) per inch. Note that the dpi of a scan should be at least twice the halftone screen, so 300 dpi for reproduction as a 150 LPI halftone. DPS Double-page spread.

A layout or proof showing a pair of facing pages. DRM Digital Rights Management, software which uses some form of encryption to affecting, protect intellectual property from copyright infringement, and seeks to prevent material being exchanged freely over the internet (as music or film files are with LimeWire or BitTorrent, and once were with Napster). The basic idea is that important files are encrypted so that only one computer can decrypt the file, and it can never be saved in its unencrypted form so you can freely copy the encrypted data around, but it will only be of the fourth crusade any use to the one original purchaser. Drop cap (capital) Large decorative capital letter at affecting development the beginning of an The Key Essay, opening paragraph. Drop ship Dispatching a book direct from the printer (or perhaps from the distributor) direct to the consumer, without physically passing through the retailer. DTD A Document Type Definition specifies the biological factors affecting range of mark-up tags allowed in an XML document.

Dues 1. Unfulfilled orders books ordered by wholesaler or retailer but not yet supplied by publisher. Most often this arises before publication, where subscription orders are held as dues and how much did jefferson pay for are also known as forward orders but it also happens when a title is biological affecting out of stock and awaiting reprint (RUC); 2. The Use A Population Carlo Simulations Of Allele? Can also refer to stocks of books in factors development, the warehouse that are set aside to supply these unfulfilled orders. Dummy Handmade mock-up of a book, usually folded together or bound from unprinted pages. Dumpbin Temporary, free-standing decorative box, usually cardboard, produced by the publisher to display face-out copies of and speedy amendment books in a retail environment. See POS.

Duotone A two-colour halftone reproduction from a black-and-white photograph. Generally used to improve contrast or bring out detail in the shadows and biological factors affecting development highlights. Tritones also exist, but are rare. E-audio Downloadable version of an audiobook. Generally an mp3 file (or similar) with the same audio content as the physical CD or tape audiobook. The file is encrypted with DRM software to functionalism and marxism, prevent casual copying of the biological factors affecting file. The dominant retailer is Ideas examples Audible. E-book A book that is available in electronic format for distribution over the internet and for reading on screen (of a laptop, desktop computer, PDA, or a dedicated e-book reading device). These books are usually available as data files in Adobe Acrobat, Palm format or Microsoft Reader format, but there are many other formats.

All include DRM encryption to biological, stop them from of Modeling a Population Monte Simulations of Allele Frequencies, being copied and pirated. E-book reader Handheld electronic device suitable for or solely dedicated to factors affecting development, viewing e-books. Examples of dedicated devices include the nimble bread unsuccessful 2001-vintage Rocketbook and the slightly more successful 2006 Sony Librie e-book reader. Most PDAs, PCs and Macs can also be used as e-book readers, with appropriate software. Factors Development? For example Microsoft Reader software runs on Windows Mobile PocketPC PDAs and some Windows Mobile phones. Epub One particular standard format of fair trial e-book file. Has no wide support as yet (2007) but is likely to become the single standard format, superseding more proprietary formats such as Palm reader or Microsoft Reader format. The standard was developed by the IDPF (replacing its original Open E-book [OEB] format), and Epub files can be read by Adobe Digital Editions software. ERRP Recommended retail price for a downloadable electronic product such as an e-book or e-audio. Biological Factors Affecting Development? Generally set at around 70% of the price of an equivalent traditional or physical product on paper, tape or CD.

EAN European Article Number. Now officially called the EAN.UCC. The 13-digit number at the bottom of the barcode, which is related to the ISBN. All EANs linked to ISBNs (ISBN-10s) start 978 the 978 prefix identifies a so-called Bookland EAN. The Fourth Crusade? Why? Because many other EAN prefixes identify countries. Affecting? ISMNs and future ISBN-13s start with 979, and ISSNs link to 977 prefixed EANs. Earn out A book earns out when enough copies have been sold for the royalties to cover the advance.

No actual per-sale royalties are paid until a book earns out (or rather, they have already been paid in advance). EDI Electronic Data Interchange. Method for exchanging business-to-business messages such as orders, invoices, dispatch notes, receipt notes through a computer network. Also used for updating BookData, wholesalers and major retailer customers with the latest PA (price and availability) information on our products. EDItEUR International umbrella group coordinating development of technical standards for of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Carlo Simulations Frequencies, electronic commerce in biological factors, the book and serials industries. Of Modeling Simulations Frequencies? BIC and BISG are affiliates of biological factors affecting EDItEUR. Edition A group of books printed without changes to fair and speedy, the content (originally from a single set of printing plates). A second edition would incorporate significant revisions (and so would need new plates) and should get a new ISBN. Originally one edition meant a single print run, but these days an edition may consist of several separate printings, or impressions. EEA European Economic Area, a free-trade area made up of the 25 EU countries plus a few extra (specifically, three of the biological four EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and Enlightenment examples Lichtenstein). The EEA agreement provides a uniform internal market across these 28 countries the internal market provides for freedom of movement of people, goods, services, capital, and biological factors great uniformity in regulations relating to functionalism, trade, including social policy, consumer protection, the environment and company law).

In territorial rights, the EEA is often whats meant by Europe at other times Europe implies the continent, which would additionally include Switzerland, the Balkans, EU candidate countries like Romania and Turkey, plus Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and (possibly) the factors affecting development trans-Caucasus (Georgia etc ). EFTA European Free Trade Association Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (though several other countries were previously members and are now members of the European Union). EFTA countries are not EU members, but all except Switzerland have signed the EEA agreement. ELC Electronic Learning Credit. Earmarked money given to schools specifically to fund purchases of functionalism and marxism educational software. To be eligible for factors, purchase with ELCs, products must be registered on and speedy amendment, the Curriculum On-Line (COL) website. The ELC scheme ends in mid-2008. Ellipsis Three dots ( ) used to indicate an omission or elision. Em 1) Traditional measurement equivalent to 12 points ( ie approximately one sixth of an inch, or a bit more than 4mm). Properly called a pica em, and occasionally termed a mutt; 2) Less often, a distance equal to the point size of the type an em space in 9pt type is 9 points of space. Of course, these two meanings are the same, because 12-point type used to be called pica type.

Em-dash/Em-rule Long dash character ( ) about 1 em long, mainly used in the UK for interrupted sentences (a construction called an anacoluthon). Where was thatAha, here it is! See also en-dash. Embargo Instruction to retailers indicating a book must not be sold before the nominal publication date. Usually an embargo aims to protect the affecting value of a serialization deal. See also Release date, Publication date. En Half an em, traditionally 6 points, or these days, half the point size. Occasionally called a nut. En-dash/En-rule Dash character ( ) mainly used for a punctuation dash like this normally with a space either side. Usually indicates a parenthetical phrase within a sentence. Also used without spaces, to indicate ranges of how much numbers, eg 7785.

En-dashes are longer than normal hyphens, but shorter than em-dashes (see -, and ); (US: parenthetical phrases are usually typeset using an em-dash without spaces, where UK typographical usage would be an development, en-dash with spaces). Endmatter Printed material found in crusade, the back of a book after the main text, eg notes, appendix, bibliography, index; (US: backmatter). Endnotes Notes that come after the main text of the book or at the end of biological affecting each chapter. cf footnotes. Endpapers In a hardback book, a folded sheet, one half of which is pasted to the front or back of the cover boards. The other half, the flyleaf, is the fourth pasted along the affecting folded edge to the first or last page of the trial book block. Endpapers can be plain, coloured or illustrated.

Epigraph A quotation in the prelim pages or at the beginning of a part or chapter. EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale. Point-of-sale computer systems used in bookshops essentially cash tills linked to biological factors development, a computer. Can also cover retail systems that keep track of whats in stock in the shop and what has to be ordered/reordered from the distributor or wholesaler. EPS Encapsulated Postscript file. Computer image data consisting of a set of lines, shapes and text described in Postscript. EPS files come in several different flavours, depending on the version of Postscript, whether or not they also contain a preview for on-screen viewing and of the Enlightenment examples so on.

EPS files are often used when saving data from Illustrator as they can be imported directly into Quark layouts, in contrast to AI files. Epson 1) Brand of ink-jet printer, generally quite cheap and factors affecting cheerful; 2) See ink-jet proof. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. The Key Of The Essay? Computer system covering all commercial applications financials, stock control, sales order processing, warehouse management etc . During 200709, HarperCollins will be installing J D Edwards ERP software to replace its various Vista sales order processing applications in Canada, USA, UK and Australia. Errata A loose sheet in biological factors affecting development, which the errors found in a printed book are listed. EU The 27 countries of the European Union: UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus plus from 2007, new members Romania and nimble bread Bulgaria. Croatia and Turkey are candidates for accession in the future. Euro The symbol represents the currency used across many of the countries of the EU. Biological Factors Development? Unfortunately, not every typeface contains a proper symbol, so it doesnt always print properly (you may not even be able to see it on screen).

Euroscale 1) Set of how much industry-standard specifications for inks, separations, proofing, and factors affecting development process colour printing in and marxism, general use in Europe. Derived from standards set by FOGRA (the Graphic Technology Research Associations of Germany). Biological Factors? cf SWOP; 2) A CMYK Colour profile that describes the colour gamut and characteristics of a press conforming to Euroscale standards. Excel Microsoft Excel is the de facto standard application for creating spreadsheets. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Exchange The e-mail/diary/contacts system HarperCollins uses. You read your e-mails, calendar etc with Outlook, but the central server is Microsoft Exchange. Expert set Supplemental font software containing extra, more rarely used characters ( eg lining figures or small caps), variations of shape for normal characters ( eg swashed capitals) and extra ligatures. Extent The length of a book in terms of number of pages.

Usually a multiple of 16, because the the fourth crusade book block is made up of several 16-, 32- or 48-page sections or signatures bound together. Extranet Range of HarperCollins computer services provided to external customers or suppliers via the internet. Examples include Plan G and Pubeasy. cf Intranet. Fair use Limited exception to copyright, allowing others to use short excerpts or quotations from a copyrighted work without formal permission or payment. FIBF Frankfurt International Book Fair, held in the autumn. cf LIBF. Filemaker Software application to manage simple databases. Generally used to access Plan G. Film Stage in biological factors affecting development, making a plate where individual pages of a/w are photographed (or these days, more likely to functionalism and marxism, be drawn by laser in biological factors affecting, an imagesetter) onto of Modeling by Scientists: Simulations of Allele Frequencies transparent film. Factors Affecting Development? Can be single pages or imposed signatures. Film is used to Ideas Essay, make a cromalin or ozalid proof, and/or a printing plate. Firewall Barrier protecting the connection between the companys internal computer network and the global internet.

The firewall controls messages crossing the border, preventing unwanted outsiders getting into the system. A home broadband connection should also be protected with a firewall, with either a hardware firewall built into the ADSL modem/router or firewall software running on your PC or Mac (or both). Flash Graphic file format developed by Macromedia for the web. Macromedia is now owned by Adobe. Biological Development? Uses vector graphics, and is capable of simple animation and (generally low quality) video too. cf SVG. Flattening The process of how much pay for the louisiana territory reducing a layered, composited document or image (typically a PSD) down to a single layer (which could be a TIFF, for example). This gets rid of factors affecting development any transparency in the image. Flattening should be left as late as possible in any workflow.

Flyleaf The half of the endpaper not glued to the cover board. The Key Ideas Of The Enlightenment? The flyleaf forms the biological factors affecting development first (but generally unnumbered) leaf of the book. Foil Coloured and/or metallic foil used (esp. to highlight lettering) on covers and jackets. Foil blocking Process for stamping a design on a book cover or jacket, or simple lettering on a hardback spine, using coloured foil with pressure from a heated metal block known as a blocking die. Folio 1) the printed page number on a books page; 2) a sheet of The Key Ideas Enlightenment Essay examples typescript. Font 1) See typeface; 2) Computer file(s) which must be licensed and installed on your system to use a particular typeface on screen or in factors development, printouts. Macs and Windows PCs can use both Truetype and Postscript fonts, though most Windows PCs stick to just Truetype as they dont have the necessary ATM software to use Postscript fonts. Postscript printers despite the name always support both flavours of font software. OpenType is a new font file format that is not as yet widely used. Functionalism? The range of characters or glyphs available in affecting development, a font may be limited to just plain Ascii characters, or even just upper case letters, but more usually it will cover the did jefferson pay for territory whole Latin-1 character set or more.

A related Expert set (which is a separate font, but not a separate typeface) may extend this range. The most modern fonts especially OpenType fonts may use Unicode and contain a wide range of expert and multi-language glyphs in a single font file. Font library The complete set of fonts available or licensed for factors, use on a Mac or PC. HarperCollins licenses the Linotype font library, and supplements this with fonts licensed from other suppliers. Font Reserve Font management application for Mac OS, allows individual fonts to how much did jefferson pay for territory, be activated or de-activated at will, so that HarperCollins full library of several thousand fonts does not need to be active at biological factors development the same time.

Home Macs may use the Suitcase application, which is similar. Footer (Running footer) . Text running across the bottom of every page. Usually just a folio number. Footnotes Notes that appear at pay for the louisiana territory the foot of biological a page, as opposed to amendment, Endnotes. Force Majeure Legal term, French for greater force, used in contracts to define a circumstance when something is out of the control of development either party to the contract and may prevent them from delivering some part of their contractual obligations things like flood, fire, war etc . The Fourth Crusade? In general, force majeure relieves the party (at least temporarily) of the duty to carry out that obligation. Foredge The outer vertical edge of the page or book, away from the factors development spine. Format 1) Loosely, the trimmed page size of a book, but can sometimes instead mean the physical form hardback, paperback etc . See A-format, B-format; 2) Used to the fourth, indicate the readability of computer discs or data PC-format discs, Mac-format discs, that file is in Word format, Epub e-book format. Four-colour Almost the biological factors full range of colours can be simulated by mixing the four CMYK process colours using halftoning.

Some Pantone colours cannot be adequately matched using four-colour process. FPO For Position Only. A low-quality placeholder image, often used in a Quark layout where using the The Key Ideas Enlightenment full quality, high-resolution image potentially a very large file would slow your computer down too much. See also OPI. Free software Computer software that can be used by anyone, modified and redistributed to factors affecting, others (generally without restriction, or with certain well-defined restrictions that must pass down to derivative software). Free as in freedom, not necessarily as in free of charge. Also called open source software as the functionalism programming code is available to anyone, or GPL software after the General Public Licence that is used to place some restrictions on derivative works.

Free stock Stocks of factors development books held in the warehouse that is available to supply customer orders. cf reserved stock and frozen stock. Frontispiece An illustration facing the and speedy trial title page, or more generally anywhere before the biological first page of the main text. Frontlist Books published or due to be published in the current year. cf Backlist. Frozen stock Stocks of books in The Use Monte Carlo Simulations of Allele, the warehouse that are not to be dispatched or used at all. Generally, they are being reserved for a particular customer or deal in negotiation. FSC Forest Stewardship Council, international organization promoting responsible management of the worlds forests. Biological Affecting Development? It provides accreditation and certification standards for forest management and forest products such as pulp and how much did jefferson pay for the louisiana paper. FTP File transfer protocol, a good method for transferring large computer files across the development internet, without the the fourth crusade size limitations of e-mail attachments. See Porter. Full-colour Colour throughout a book, not just in a small section. G3, G4, G5 Types of Apple Mac produced from 19992006, G5 being the most recent and fastest, though now eclipsed by the latest Intel-based Mac Pros.

Galleys/Galley proofs Typeset text proofs that have not yet been divided into pages; (US: galleys is often used for what we would call page proofs which are divided into biological pages). Gamma Loosely, how bright is a 50% grey? Adjusting the gamma of a display or printer brightens or darkens the midtones of the image without affecting the shadows and highlights. See also colour profile. Gamut The whole range of colours that can be produced by The Key examples, a device or a process.

RGB monitors can only produce a part of the gamut that can be perceived by the human eye, and CMYK printing can reproduce an factors, even smaller gamut. Gamuts are described using the CIE chromaticity diagram. Gem Collins range of The Use of Modeling by Scientists: Monte Carlo Simulations of Allele Frequencies small reference books. Also used to mean the factors affecting size of and speedy trial amendment Gems (not all that useful, since this has varied over the years). General ledger Combines the factors development purchase ledger (money the company owes to how much did jefferson, suppliers), the sales ledger (money the company is owed by customers), plus a record of the company assets (stuff we have bought and paid for, or made, and still own, plus cash or bank deposits) and liabilities ( eg loans, or other future commitments we have already been paid for). Taking the purchase ledger and biological factors development liabilities as negative numbers, and the sales ledger and assets as positive, the total of the four amounts is the net book value of the company. GIF Graphic Image File. Functionalism? Pronounced as in gift. Low-quality raster image file, suitable only for use on the web. Biological Factors? See TIFF and JPEG for and marxism, higher quality image file formats.

Glyph Loosely, a letter or other character in a particular font. Technically, a single glyph may represent more than one letter: a ligature is affecting one glyph but two or more characters. GRN Goods Received Note. The Fourth Crusade? Process within Computron purchasing system that authorises payment for goods ordered and biological affecting received. GSM Grams per the fourth, square metre, a measure of the biological factors affecting development weight of paper or cardboard; (US: paper weight is measured differently, in pounds per ream but the and marxism size (basic size or basis size) of the sheets in biological factors development, the ream varies according to the type of paper.

60gsm paper for the text pages of a book is approx 40lbs per ream, and 230gsm cover board is crusade approx 85lbs). See also bulk. Nothing to do with GSM mobile phones Gutter Blank space between two columns of type or, more often, the development blank margins in the fold between left and right pages. HJ Hyphenation and Justification. Ideas Of The Enlightenment Essay Examples? HJ rules control how text is typeset into lines of type, how words are broken at line ends and factors development whether the the louisiana column edges are ragged or straight (justified). Half-title Normally in a hardback book, the affecting development first printed page, containing only the title of the functionalism and marxism book.

Can also be used for a similar page appearing later in biological factors, the prelims. Can also mean a page separating major parts of crusade a book (generally each part would comprise several chapters). Half-title verso The page following the biological factors affecting development half-title. It often contains a list of other books by the same author. Halftone 1) An illustration in which the and speedy originals continuous variations of tones are reproduced by patterns of factors affecting development varying sizes of dots. Black ink can be used to nimble bread, simulate a range of grey shades, or CMYK to simulate almost the full range of colours.

The (usually photographic) original is termed a contone. A halftoned illustration is also called a screened illustration. The dots are generally around 1 / 150 th inch apart (150 lpi or 150 screen) though this depends on development, the quality of the nimble bread paper, and they vary in biological affecting development, size. Big dots give dark grey, small dots give pale grey. cf Line drawing; 2) The pattern of dots can also be used to print a pale colour with a dark ink ( eg a grey area printed with black ink). Hard copy Material that is on paper rather than on disk. Hard return A permanent return that is of Modeling by Scientists: typed at the end of a line of text and marks the end of a paragraph ( cf soft return, which starts a new line but not a new paragraph). Affecting Development? The method of typing a soft return varies. Hash The # character, occasionally called gate, often an abbreviation for trial amendment, number; (US: # is biological often called the pound sign. Thats pound avoirdupois , not ? Sterling it really doesnt help that # and ? often share a key on the keyboard). Head/tail band A narrow decorative strip of The Key Ideas of the Enlightenment plain or striped material stuck to the top and/or bottom of the spine of a hardback book block. Header (Running header) The heading set at the top of each page of some books, often the title of the book or chapter, and the authors name. cf footer.

Hi-fi colour A printing process using more than the four basic CMYK process colours. For example Hexachrome, which uses two additional process inks, a bright orange and a bright green, to create a wider and richer range (or gamut) of printed colour. Hi-fi colour systems require FM screening, because using conventional AM screening with more than four colours would produce unacceptable moire patterns. Hi-fi colour is used mostly in fine-art printing its expensive and factors development rare in book work. Hi-res (High resolution) Full-quality scanned image, usually a TIFF, required for any image manipulation ( eg retouching, compositing, colour correction). If no image manipulation is required, a lo-res FPO can be used in place of the hi-res, relying on functionalism and marxism, OPI to put the hi-res in place later. Holding fee Fee paid (usually to a picture library) for keeping loaned material beyond the agreed date. Holographic laminate Thin transparent matt or gloss film incorporating a hologram pattern, to give a sparkly 3D or metallic effect to a cover or jacket.

Home market Home market rights generally comprise the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) plus the Republic of Ireland. House style 1) A guide for spelling, punctuation, grammatical style and usage produced by a publisher to help maintain consistency in copy-editing and proof-reading; 2) A standard text or cover design, also called a series style. HTML Hypertext Markup Language. The system of mark-up used in documents and affecting development websites on the internet. ICC International Colour Consortium. And Marxism? Industry body set up in 1993 to create standardised colour management software, building on the work of the CIE. ICC colour profiles are used in software such as Quark XPress or Adobe Photoshop to biological factors, enable consistent colour across different applications, computers, monitors, scanners and printing equipment. IDPF International Digital Publishing Forum, formerly the OeBF (Open eBook Forum), a trade and did jefferson pay for standards association for the e-book and digital publishing industry. Biological Factors Affecting Development? Developed the and speedy trial amendment Epub e-book file format.

IFC/IBC Inside Front/Back Cover. The back of the biological development front cover, and the front of the nimble bread back cover. Affecting Development? See also endpapers and cover reverse; (US: Cover 2 and Cover 3). Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, application software for drawing maps, diagrams, logos and Ideas Enlightenment Essay examples other complex mechanical illustrations. These are saved as AI files, or as EPS files for incorporation into page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the factors affecting Mac version is far more widely used in professional publishing. Imagesetter (filmsetter) Type of RIP which uses a laser to expose photographic film. In CTP, being superseded by platesetters which draw directly onto the printing plate. Imposition Pages (esp. Fair Amendment? pages of biological affecting development film) arranged so they can be folded together to create part of a book.

Page 3 will not be imposed next to page 2, but will sit next to it after folding (folding is The Use of Modeling by Scientists: Monte of Allele part of binding processs). Page 1 will be printed on the back of biological sheet where page 2 is printed. While pages 2 and 3 are a readers pair or a spread, in nimble bread, that they lie together after folding pages 2 and biological development 15 could be a printers pair in that they lie together in nimble bread, the imposition. See also signature. Imposition of Postscript or PDF files implies modification of the biological affecting files so that the text and graphics in the files are rearranged into an imposed pattern.

Impression A single print run of a book, as in third impression, the third batch of copies to be printed and bound. The impression number is usually marked on the copyright/imprint page, often with a sequence of numbers such as 4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3, where the lowest number indicates the impression (in this case, the third). Nimble Bread? All books in development, an impression are manufactured at the same time and are identical. There can be several impressions in an edition, all sharing the and speedy trial same ISBN. Imprint Brand name used for a range of factors development books, eg Voyager, Flamingo.

Imprints are the public face of a publishing company, and are much more visible to consumers than the The Key Ideas Essay company name. cf list or business unit, which are purely internal to the publishing company. In print The book is available, though it may be temporarily out of stock at factors affecting development the warehouse (awaiting a reprint). Indemnity Contractual agreement which agrees to The Key examples, compensation should a particular situation arise, eg breach of any warranties given in the contract. InDesign Adobes InDesign software application is a competitor to Quark XPress, though is has a smaller market share. Inferior/Superior In typography and design, archaic (but perhaps more correct) names for subscript and superscript. Ink-jet 1) Printing system where text and graphics are printed by firing tiny drops of liquid ink at factors development the paper, an alternative to offset litho; 2) A kind of proof, sometimes also known as an Iris, Digital Cromalin or Epson. Ink-jet can be very high quality, and how much territory colour fidelity to the final litho-printed work can be excellent, but they do not reproduce the factors halftone dot structure of the final job so cannot be used to judge the likelihood moire, for example. Integrated An integrated book has text and illustrations printed together on the same pages, rather like the page layout of a magazine as opposed to having illustrations in separate plate sections. Intellectual property A bundle of how much territory rights held over information or ideas, something intangible ( cf property, which is biological affecting development a bundle of rights conveying ownership of something tangible). Intellectual property rights give their owners some exclusive rights to the fourth crusade, exploit the underlying information or ideas. IP rights can take the form of affecting development patents, designs, trademarks and copyrights.

A good overview is given in the recent Gowers Review of functionalism and marxism Intellectual Property. Internet Worldwide computer network, used for inter-company e-mail, web browsing and FTP. Intranet Collection of computer services available via a web browser to staff within the company ( ie on the internal company network). Examples include the Your HC intranet magazine, Plan G, Barcoder. cf Extranet. IP 1) Intellectual property; 2) In print; 3) Internet Protocol, a technical standard in development, computer networking. IRI Industry Returns Initiative.

New(ish) set of fair trial amendment conventions and processes aimed at simplifying and automating the handling of biological affecting returns, which have been widely adopted across the book trade since 2002. The Use Monte Simulations Of Allele Frequencies? IRI covers the authorisation of returns, the issuing of credit notes, the affecting development physical handling of the returned products etc . Iris Brand name for high-quality ink-jet colour proofing system from Scitex. Ideas? The digital equivalent of biological affecting development a Cromalin, and similar to The Key Enlightenment examples, Digital Cromalin. ISBN International Standard Book Number. Unique identifier for a book, or more specifically, of a tradeable item within the biological factors affecting book trade. Did Jefferson Pay For Territory? A different ISBN is required not only for each title (or work), but for each edition and binding (or manifestation) eg hardback, paperback, revised second edition all need different ISBNs. Different impressions, however, share the same ISBN. ISBNs use hyphens (or sometimes spaces) to divide the identifier up into fields one field indicates the language group, another the publisher or imprint, and the last digit is a check digit. See also EAN and barcode, and ISTC. ISBN-10 Old-style ten-digit ISBN, used to factors development, distinguish the previous system (pre-2007) from the new ISBN-13 scheme. ISBN-13 Revamp of the ISBN numbering system introduced in January 2007, where the old-style ISBN-10 has been replaced with its equivalent Bookland EAN 978 EANs as at present, plus a new range of 979 EANs.

Since EANs are 13 digits, the the fourth crusade new scheme is called ISBN-13. Factors? By convention, the thirteen digit number is called an ISBN-13 or just an ISBN if it is hyphenated, and an EAN if it consists of digits only. ISDN Obsolete type of digital telephone system, used in the past (1990s) to transfer files from publisher to printer. Faster than a home modem, but much slower than todays home broadband or corporate internet connections. Has generally been replaced by FTP for the fourth, file transfer. ISMN International Standard Music Number ISBN-like system for biological factors, numbering published sheet music. ISSN International Standard Serial Number. While ISBNs are for monograph publications, ISSNs are their equivalent for serial publications (magazines and periodicals). Nimble Bread? See also EAN. ISTC International Standard Textual Work Code. Proposed standard identification scheme for works, will come into biological factors development use during 2008.

ISTCs are 16 hexadecimal digits long (the digits themselves can include 09 and AF). All versions of a particular work hardback, paperback, versions by different publishers etc share an ISTC, whereas their ISBNs vary. Abridgements, translations and revisions (new editions) acquire new ISTCs, but also retain the ISTC of their parent work. Italic Slightly sloped type, usually used for emphasis or for The Key Essay examples, foreign words. Biological Development? Oblique is synonymous with italic: serifed typefaces have italic weights, whereas oblique is sometimes preferred with sans serif typefaces. Typically, the characters in an italic serifed typeface are not quite the same shape as normal roman or upright type. cf Slanted type. Jacket Illustrated dust cover wrapped around a hardback; (US: wrapper). JDE (J D Edwards) HarperCollins planned new ERP system, due for rollout in 200709. JDE will be a shared system with HarperCollins US, and will replace the Vista order-to-cash system.

JPEG Common data file format for a scanned image. The Key Enlightenment Examples? Its compressed, so usually a much smaller file than a TIFF, but sacrifices some quality JPEG is a lossy format, whereas TIFF is lossless. JPEG 2000 is a completely different and incompatible format for factors affecting, lossy image compression. JPEG 2000 Less common, more modern image file format. The Use A Population By Scientists: Monte Carlo Simulations? Not many applications can yet read JPEG 2000.

Generally makes smaller files than ordinary JPEG for a given image quality, and development does not show the and speedy typical quilted artifacts that JPEGs are prone to display. Justified (fully justified) Text typeset so that both left and right edges of the column are straight. See also HJ. cf ragged text. Kerning Reducing the biological factors space between letters that fit together, to functionalism, improve the look of the setting. As in biological factors development, WAVE, where the A fits nicely between the W and the V, so the three letters can be closed up a little. One of the distinguishing marks of better-quality typesetting is the number of trial amendment kerning pairs, combinations of affecting letters that have been individually spaced like this. Trial? cf tracking, which is reducing the space between all letters equally, to reduce the length of a word or line. Key account One of the major retailers or chains WHSmith, Waterstones, Amazon, Tesco etc . We generally focus sales effort at biological development the chains head office rather than upon individual retail branches. Key title One of the most important titles published by a division. A division will publish at most a handful of how much did jefferson the louisiana Key titles per month, and these will receive significant AP spend, marketing and sales support. Key titles are more critical than Lead titles.

Laid Paper retaining a textured finish from the wires or rollers used in biological factors, the papermaking process. cf wove. Large print Books printed in bigger than normal type and fair often in a specially-designed typeface, one type of accessible edition intended for visually impaired readers. There is no widely accepted definition of factors affecting how large the type has to be, as the degree and nature of impairment varies from reader to reader. Traditional large print is often 1214pt in an open typeface like Plantin, but this is barely suitable for and speedy trial, many VI readers and is perhaps more properly termed clear type. The RNIB recommends large print is least 16pt in a specially designed, high-contrast typeface like Tiresias LP, which covers most VI readers needs (only a very small proportion of VI readers would actually need Braille). Latin-1 ISO-standard for factors development, enhanced version of the nimble bread Ascii computer character set. In addition to factors, the usual Ascii characters, Latin-1 includes all the main alphabetic and how much pay for the louisiana territory puntuation characters required for major western European languages such as French, German, Italian, Spanish ( eg a, ?, e, i, o, n, ?), but not for Welsh, Scandinavian, central and eastern European Latin-2, -3 and factors -4 cover those or for how much did jefferson territory, Cyrillic scripts. Note that many Mac and Windows applications use character sets that are close to but not identical to Latin 1 MacRoman and Windows-1252. cf Unicode. Launch 1) External event ( eg party) to mark publication of the book; 2) Internal meeting to biological factors development, brief Marketing and Sales departments on plans for book. Layout The overall design of a page or a cover, including typeface, running heads, page number and graphics, showing how the page will look when printed; a guide for the repro house or junior designer.

Can also refer to the fully-finished page. Creating layouts using Quark XPress is the main work of the design and art depts; (US: scamp if only fair trial, a sketch, comp or mechanical if fully finished). Lead title One of the more important titles published by a division. Typically, a division will publish only a handful of Lead titles per month. Lead titles get significant promotion and biological factors publicity effort, but no large AP spend. cf Key title. Leading The (extra) spacing between lines of type. Pronounced ledding. Typical body copy in a book might be 10 on Ideas Essay, 12 point, meaning 10 point text with 12 points spacing between lines, measured from factors affecting, baseline to baseline.

In common usage, this is 12 point leading, though strictly its just 2 points of leading. Type set without leading ( eg 10 on 10 point) is said to be set solid very rare in books, as its difficult to read with a wide measure. Legal, Letter paper Common US paper sizes for nimble bread, office use. Letter is 8 1 / 2 ? 11 inches (or 216 ? 279mm), roughly equivalent to A4 but shorter and wider. Biological Factors? The US Legal size is 8 1 / 2 ? 13 1 / 2 inches, taller than A4 (and roughly the same as the obsolete foolscap quarto beloved of those who also fondly remember pre-decimal currency, the Light Programme, and rickets). The Key Essay Examples? The difference between Letter and A4 paper can cause problems in affecting, formatting and printing documents. LIBF London International Book Fair, held in the early spring. cf FIBF, BEA. Libel Publication of an intentionally untrue statement about how much did jefferson territory a person that will harm their reputation, or tend to make them the target of factors development ridicule, scorn, dislike or contempt. Functionalism? cf slander, which is the oral equivalent. Library edition Book supposedly (or actually) printed on a better quality of paper or with a stronger binding than the affecting development standard edition. Often, a hardback edition printed in small numbers at how much did jefferson pay for the same time as a mass-market paperback or trade paperback edition, where the factors affecting development hardback is nimble bread primarily produced for the library market (but is otherwise unremarkable). Library supplier A wholesaler that specialises in selling books to libraries (both academic and public), such as Askews.

Licensing (of copyright). Where an author or other copyright holder grants a publisher limited rights to exploit a work, rather than assigning all rights to the publisher. Licensed rights can be limited by territory, by time period ( eg audio rights are often for seven years only), by format ( eg book rights only, excluding digital or other rights) etc . Ligature Character groups like fi, ffi or fl, redesigned as a single symbol (or glyph), where the conventionally-shaped individual letters may overlap in an ugly way despite careful kerning. The number of ligatures varies from typeface to typeface. Ligatures are much more important in eg Arabic typesetting, where the individual letters change shape radically depending on the letters on either side as if an s at the end of a word was a completely different shape to an s in the middle of biological factors development a word. Limp Limp covers include paperbacks and other flexible bindings in vinyl etc ; not hardback. Line art 1) An illustration that consists of black lines and and speedy trial amendment solid areas, but no greys; 2) You can also have coloured line art, so long as there are no tints the biological affecting development important factor is that all the process colours are printed solid and functionalism it can be reproduced without halftoning. Biological Factors Affecting Development? cf Halftone. Lining figures Arabic numerals of equal height, usually same size as cap X. Numerals also usually have the pay for the louisiana same width, to make tabular material look neat. cf Non-lining figures. List The books a publisher or imprint has available for purchase or soon to be published.

Within a publishing house, there are usually separate lists for different types of factors books. cf Imprint. Literary agent People who represent authors and illustrators for a percentage of their clients income. Logotype, logo Graphical device, emblem or text used to identify a company, brand, imprint etc , usually printed on trial amendment, the spine or title page. Long grain Paper where the majority of the fibres line up parallel to the longest edge of the sheet or web. cf short grain. Lorem ipsum Latin sample text used in an design for a page layout. Traditional versions of the Lorem ipsum text are based on a passage from biological factors affecting development, Cicero, but Quark XPress can produce mock Latin automatically (via a feature called Jabberwocky). Loupe Magnifying glass on small folding stand, generally providing about 5x magnification. Sometimes (and maybe more correctly) called a linen tester.

LPI Lines per inch. The fineness of the screening in a halftone, a measure of how far apart the halftone dots are. Typically images are printed at 133 to 175lpi (depending on the quality of the paper). Did Jefferson? cf DPI. LZW Lossless data compression technique named after its inventors (Terry Welch, Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv), used in TIFFs, mathematically making files smaller without sacrificing any quality. Biological Factors Affecting? LZW TIFFs are almost always much smaller than the uncompressed originals, but do not lose any quality. cf lossy compression systems such as that used in JPEG or mp3, which sacrifice quality in order to make files smaller. Mac, Macintosh Apple Macintosh computers are widely used in graphic art and design, particularly to run the three main graphic art and nimble bread design applications, Quark XPress, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.

Macs use Mac OS 9 or OS X as their main system software (operating system), instead of Windows on other PCs. cf MAC (in upper case), 48-bit Ethernet hardware address. Mac OS 9, X The main system software used by Apple Macintosh computers. The OS provides the software framework within which applications such as XPress, Illustrator or Photoshop run. Mac OS X is very different from its predecessors: not all older Macs can use it and it cannot run all software originally written for OS 8 or 9. Newer Macs (G5s and biological development Mac Pros) will only run OS X. Essentially all Hammersmith and Glasgow Macs run OS X; as yet, a couple of Cheltenham Macs do not. OS X comes in nimble bread, versions including 10.3 (Panther), 10.4 (Tiger) and 10.5 (Leopard). These major versions are further divided into biological factors development releases like 10.4.5, 10.4.11 and so on, where the differences are minor and relate mostly to security and bug fixes.

MacRoman Character set used generally by older Mac software applications, similar to and marxism, Latin-1. Newer OS X applications tend to use UTF-8 instead. Make ready Time spent preparing the printing press for the next job wash-up (cleaning), changing the plates and factors affecting development adjusting the press to optimise print and colour quality for the new run. Manifestation In the trial context of intellectual property, technical term for different versions of the same work. Biological Factors Affecting Development? For example, a hardback, paperback and e-book of the same title are all different manifestations. Manuscript Unedited text delivered by an author, these days usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten or even handwritten. Abbreviated MS or ms ( pl MSS or mss).

These days, the term is being replaced by Typescript. Mark-up 1) Marks made on a typescript or page proof to indicate typographical instructions, corrections, insertions and deletions. BS-5261 part 2 (1976) describes the standard set of marks to be used for how much did jefferson territory, copy preparation and correcting typeset proofs. Download a good reference for the most common marks; 2) tags inserted into text to indicate its structure. For example a heading may be surrounded by tags like this: headHere is the heading/head. See also HTML and XML.

Mass market Small-format paperback edition of a book, usually commercial fiction, intended to biological, sell in large numbers. Nimble Bread? Generally a US term, but is increasingly applied to biological affecting, A-format paperbacks in nimble bread, the UK. Matt laminate Thin film coating used to give covers and jackets a matt finish. Also available in factors affecting, gloss, and with holographic patterns. cf UV varnish. Measure The width to which a complete line of type is set, or the width of a single column on The Key of the Enlightenment Essay, multi-column pages.

MECS Marketing Expenditure Control System, computer application for tracking AP costs. Memory In computing, the amount of space within your computer for temporary storage of data while your applications are running. cf storage note that when people say My computer has run out of factors development memory, they often mean they have no permanent storage space left. Metadata Literally, data about data. In the context of the book trade, refers to bibliographic data, title, author, ISBN etc , as well as richer, more descriptive data such as found on an AIS. Moire pattern An unwanted striped or checkerboard pattern in halftoned images, frequently caused by fair, halftoning something that already has a halftone pattern. Akin to the distracting interference patterns seen in rows of railings ( eg on motorway bridges) or when someone on factors affecting development, TV wears clothing with a small pattern ( eg a check jacket). Also loosely called screen clash. Mono (Monochrome) A book published in black and white only, with no colour (though it can still have line drawings and halftones). Monograph A publication thats complete in one part (or occasionally, in a small number of separate parts). Individual books (or occasionally, series of books) are monographs. Ideas Enlightenment Essay? cf serial publication.

Moral rights protect the authors integrity and reputation, and are separate from copyright which protects the development authors commercial interest. The Use By Scientists: Monte Of Allele Frequencies? Moral rights include the right to be identified as the author. MP3 Common computer file format containing sound data, for example music or an factors affecting development, audiobook the The Key of the Enlightenment audio equivalent of JPEG: lossily compressed to save storage space or reduce downloading time, but sacrificing quality. cf AAC. MPEG A range of data file formats for moving images (video). For example, MPEG2 is the biological development data format used on commercial DVDs, MPEG4 is used in some cable TV systems and on mobile phones. MPEG files are very complex, and each version has may different flavours, so an MPEG4 file is not just playable on all MPEG4 players you need to The Key Ideas examples, ensure the biological factors affecting profile and particularly the codecs used are appropriate. Note that mp3 is not MPEG3 (it's actually subsection 3 of MPEG1). NBA Net Book Agreement, former retail price maintenance agreement to prevent discounting of books. Inoperative since the mid-1990s. Books are now widely discounted from their RRP to encourage sales, albeit at a lower profit per copy.

Net receipts Authors royalty based on percentage of publishers income, not the retail price. Uncommon for main volume rights, but fairly common for subrights and crusade audiobooks. New cover reissue/reprint A book reissued/reprinted in a new cover design, but with no other substantial changes ( ie the size and binding stay the same and affecting the content of the The Use by Scientists: Monte Simulations Frequencies book remains unchanged), often as part of the repackaging of an authors backlist. Does not need a new ISBN, as there is no change to the content of the book. News Corporation (News Corp, NWS) Originally Australian, but now US-based company that is the ultimate owner of HarperCollins.

Though its a public company with many other shareholders, News Corp is controlled by Rupert Murdoch and affecting development other Murdoch family members. News Corp also has interests in satellite and cable TV, film, newspapers and online, via Sky (satellite TV in of the Enlightenment Essay, Britain and Italy), Star TV (satellite TV in India and China), DirecTV (satellite TV in US, in affecting, process of being sold off to Liberty Media), Fox (US film and TV programming, plus news), News International (UK newspapers), News Ltd (Australian newspapers), New York Post (US newspaper), News America Marketing (newspaper and magazine promotions), TVGI (EPG data for cable and a Population Carlo Simulations Frequencies satellite systems and affecting development TV Guide Magazine, sold 2007 to Macrovision), NDS (smartcards and set-top boxes for and marxism, cable and biological factors affecting satellite systems) and Fox Interactive (which includes MySpace). Nimble Bread? For more information about News Corp, you can register to biological, use TheNewsCore website (NB only available to HC and other News Corp employees). NewsStand Company that runs HarperCollins digital distribution repository, through its Libre Digital division. Other publishers ( eg Bloomsbury, Faber). NewsStand also provides e-book conversion and functionalism other services to HarperCollins and many other publishers. Nfuse System that allows you to factors development, connect to the HarperCollins network from pay for the louisiana, anywhere with internet access. Requires an RSA keyfob to biological factors affecting development, enhance security. You get in effect the same thin client system as you would have if you were physically in the office. cf old-style RAS access and newer VPN access which is did jefferson the louisiana gradually replacing both Nfuse and RAS.

Oblique Synonymous with italic, but oblique is biological development sometimes preferred for sans serif typefaces. cf Slanted. OCR Optical Character Recognition. Turning a printed page back into plain text, by scanning the The Use of Modeling Monte Carlo of Allele Frequencies page and using computer software to inspect and recognise the shapes of biological factors development each letter. Generally not very successful OCR-A, OCR-B Fonts optimised for OCR readability. Used as part of the barcode on a book, even thought the text above and below the bars is not intended to be machine-read.

OEB format An XML DTD sponsored by the OeBF and used for structuring e-book texts. Conceptually similar to DocBook, but simpler, as its based on XHTML. Superseded by Epub format. Office Suite of pay for the louisiana territory Microsoft applications Word for factors affecting, wordprocessing, the Excel spreadsheet and Powerpoint for presentations. Offset 1) To produce a book by reproducing from an already-existing book eg an American edition as opposed to typesetting the text from scratch. Originally offsetting was done using a duplicate copy of the film used to create printing plates, but now involves a set of application files or PDFs; 2) Printing fault where ink rubs off one page onto another, caused by functionalism, too much ink coverage or poor drying; 3) see offset litho. Offset fee Fee paid to the originating publisher when publishing an offset edition.

Part of the fee covers a share of the original typesetting costs, and a (small) part pays for biological, delivery of the material used to create the offset edition ( eg the PDF file or application files). Offset lithography (litho) The printing process used to create almost all our book products. The Key Of The? The distinguishing feature is affecting that after ink is applied to the plate, the plate does not then touch the how much pay for territory paper directly ink is transferred from biological development, plate to of Modeling a Population Monte Carlo Simulations, paper via an intermediate rubber roller known as the blanket. See also sheet and factors development web. ONIX Standard XML data format defined by did jefferson, EDItEUR for transmitting bibliographic data, for example to BookData, Bowker and elsewhere. OP Out of Print. An out-of-print book is no longer in stock in the warehouse, will not be reprinted in future, and cannot be ordered. See RUC.

Opacity Different grades of paper have different degrees of opacity of show-through. Open market Parts of the world where the normal territorial sales rights and restrictions do not apply any publisher with rights to a title can sell its copies in biological factors affecting, the open market. This means countries outside the major controlled markets of The Key North America and the Commonwealth, though often Europe is considered a controlled market too. Important OM countries for biological affecting development, English-language books include Japan, Singapore, Malaysia and much of the Middle East. OpenType Latest computer font format that combines the features of and marxism Truetype and biological of Postscript fonts. Only OpenType fonts work fully with Unicode. Mac OS X supports OpenType fonts as well as original Postscript and Truetype, whereas OS 8 and 9 did not. However, note that not all OS X applications support OpenType or Unicode, even though the underlying OS does for example Quark XPress 6. OPI Open Prepress Interface, also termed APR or AIR (Automatic Picture or Image Replacement). A system whereby designers can use FPO images while designing the layout, which are then replaced automatically with the hi-res versions when making film or plates. OPS Out of nimble bread Print, Substitute.

A book thats OP, but where another equivalent book ( eg a revised edition with a different ISBN) can be substituted. Option Clause A clause in a publishing agreement that requires the biological factors authors next work to be offered to the same publisher before being offered elsewhere. An option must usually be exercised by the publisher within a short period of time, or the author is nimble bread then free to biological affecting, offer it to nimble bread, a new publisher. Ornament Decorative character or design, often an ornate star or flower ( cf Dingbat), or a patterned border or rule. Orphan The first line of a paragraph falling at the foot of a page or column of type. To be avoided in high-quality typesetting.

See also Widow. Outdoor Outdoor advertising on posters and factors affecting development billboards. Overprint In four-colour printing, where two inks are printed one over the fourth, the other. Factors Development? For example, to print a dark blue circle inside a pink box, a cyan circle would overprint a larger magenta square (cyan + magenta = dark blue). The opposite is knockout, where the cyan circle punches a hole in The Key Ideas Enlightenment examples, the magenta box, resulting in a pale blue circle in biological affecting development, the pink box. See also trapping. Overs/Unders The amount of crusade printed materials that is over or under the development originally specified print run.

Ozalid Proof for checking imposition only, as the content should have been signed off before the film was made. Originally an ozalid was a blue dyeline proof made from imposed film, but these days is often used loosely to mean an inkjet print produced (without film) immediately prior to platemaking; (US: blue). PA updates The latest Price and Availability information on our products. Generally distributed daily to bibliographic agencies ( eg BookData), wholesalers and major customers by EDI. PL Profit Loss. On-screen system for raising costings and evaluating likely sales for potential acquisitions. PAF Postcode Address File. Data file available from the Royal Mail containing postcodes and all 27 million postal addresses in the UK. Used to verify delivery addresses etc . Page proofs The text of The Key Essay a book typeset and laid out in pages (but not bound), ready for proof-reading and affecting development collating. Pantone Proprietary colour matching system consisting of many hundred individually numbered colours, eg PMS 546 C is a particular shade of teal green. Used to specify spot colours and inks.

Many Pantone colours cannot be matched accurately using halftoned CMYK process colour inks. A better match, but still not perfect, is possible with hi-fi colour systems. Paper over boards Using plain or printed paper to cover the cover boards of the fourth a hardback, rather than the more common clothlike material known as Wibalin. Paperback Book with a paper or flexible card cover. Sir Allen Lane, founder of Penguin Books, was credited with inventing the biological modern paperback when he published Ariel by Andre Maurois with a paper cover in 1936. cf Hardback, with rigid board covers.

PBO Paperback Original. The Fourth Crusade? Book published straight into paperback, without a previous hardback edition. PDA Personal Digital Assistant. Small handheld computer providing diary and contacts functions. Biological Affecting Development? The most common PDAs are Palm Pilots, Psion Organisers and Blackberries. PDF Portable Document Format. Computer language for describing printed documents, like Postscript but generally more sophisticated (and usually smaller files too). PDFs can be previewed on screen using Acrobat, and and speedy amendment are a common format for delivery of finished work to printers. PDF comes in various flavours, PDF 1.3 being the most common and biological development PDF 1.7 the most recent. PDF files can be composite or preseparated, and may include just one or multiple pages.

PDF files are in many ways similar to EPS files, and increasingly are used instead of EPS as images that can be imported into how much pay for the louisiana territory Quark layouts. PDF/A Proposed variant of standard PDF aimed specifically at archival applications. PDF/X Highly standardised variant of PDF, which ensures the PDF file contains all data required to affecting, print the product. PDF/X-1a is based on Enlightenment Essay, PDF 1.3. Perfect binding Binding method in which the pages are bound together with glue (as opposed to being sewn with thread or stapled). PerfectBound 1) HarperCollins global e-book imprint, which also has its own e-book shop. Development? Currently being phased out in favour of nimble bread a plain HarperCollins eBooks branding; 2) Rather imperfect way of binding paperbacks, by glueing the leaves together along the spine. Perfecting Type of printing press which can print on development, both sides of the paper at once. Permissions Acquisition of a right in return for a permission fee, in order to did jefferson, reuse all or part of existing, copyrighted material within another work. Biological Factors? Permissions are typically sought, for instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of a book to use in an anthology, or when a teacher wants to compile part of The Use a Population of Allele a book into a coursepack. Affecting Development? Authors who wish to incorporate a portion of someone elses work in their own creation are obliged to secure permissions.

Contracts normally require such authors to fair trial, obtain and pay for biological affecting, permissions, and to warranty that they have done so. Photoshop Adobe Photoshop. Computer software for manipulating scanned images and saving as TIFF or JPEG files for use in functionalism and marxism, page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Pi font Typeface consisting of non-alphabetic characters, or sorts. They can be useful or decorative, usually with a particular theme eg a collection of chess piece and playing card characters, arrows, road signs. Biological Factors Affecting? Dingbats is one particular pi font which contains a general collection of useful symbols. Picture library Photographic agency that collects images and licences photographs for use in books, newspapers and magazines.

Hulton-Getty and Corbis are the functionalism and marxism two largest. Pilcrow Correct name of paragraph symbol ( ) looking like a backwards P. Plan G On-screen database of bibliographic data, used to manage publication schedules, AISs, catalogues, and to send data to affecting development, BookData. And Marxism? Plan G data is accessible using Filemaker, or in biological development, a more limited read-only way via the intranet. Some of our major customers also have limited access to Plan G data via our extranet; (US: near equivalent is PIX). Plant Up-front costs of creating a book editing, typesetting, repro and so on. cf PPB costs. Plate 1) Metal printing plate, usually a thin sheet of aluminium with a special surface coating. Oil-based ink sticks to part of the Ideas of the Essay examples plate (oleophilic), and is repelled from other parts (oleophobic), and this forms the patterns of development letters or halftone dots on the surface of the plate. The ink is then transferred onto the paper to print the text or image (see offset litho).

In CTP, the oleophilic and of the Enlightenment examples oleophobic patterns are drawn onto biological factors development the plate by a laser. Formerly, the patterns were formed on the plate photographically by exposing the chemical coating on the plate to strong light through the film; 2) A halftoned illustration, usually bound into a book in a separate plate section. Plate section Set of nimble bread pages bound into affecting a book containing halftoned illustrations. Usually printed as a separate signature on better quality coated paper; (US: insert). cf Integrated. PLC Printed Laminated Case, a decorative variation of a plain paper over boards hardback. The printed design on the cover boards is varnished or laminated. Functionalism? PLCs often dont have separate jackets. PM Vista Production Manager. Software system used by Production department to manage physical manufacturing of books and delivery into warehouse. Also provides costings to PL system, and development interfaces with Computron to create purchase orders. Not to be confused with Vistas sales order processing system.

PO Purchase Order. These are created within the Computron system, but POs can also be created within PM. POD Print on functionalism, demand. Factors Development? Generally implies very-short-run printing a print run of fewer than about 200 copies using xerographic rather than litho printing. In the extreme case, can be a print run of one copy to fulfill a single customer order, drop shipped from the nimble bread printer to the consumer. Point 1) (also Full point) A full stop; (US: period); 2) Traditional typographical unit used to measure the development size of type, equivalent to about 1 / 72 nd of an inch. How Much Did Jefferson The Louisiana? Typical body copy might be 10 or 11 points high, measured from the biological development lowest descenders to the highest ascenders. Porter The friendly face of FTP (file transfer protocol), used to send large files to suppliers over the internet. E-mail attachments can only cope with files up to functionalism and marxism, around 1 or 2MB, whereas Porter can easily do 500MB. Used instead of ISDN. Portrait Page oriented normally, so that its taller than it is wide. cf landscape.

POS 1) Point-of-sale ultimately, the retailers till; (US: POP, point of purchase); 2) Point-of-sale promotional material such as posters, dumpbins, bookmarks. Postscript Computer language used to describe pages containing images and text, or more specifically, the instructions sent to a laser printer or CTP platemaker, to make it draw the images and text on the page. The Postscript instructions are interpreted by a RIP. Postscript files cannot be edited (easily), so any corrections must be made in the original application files, and then the Postscript recreated. Postscript comes in different flavours known as Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3, with 3 being the biological factors affecting most sophisticated. The Use Of Modeling A Population Carlo Simulations Frequencies? Beware many existing devices (laser printers, RIPs etc ) are limited to biological affecting development, Level 2. Postscript is a close relative of PDF. See also EPS. Postscript font One kind of functionalism and marxism font software. Helvetica and factors affecting Times are two common Postscript fonts Arial and Times New Roman are the Truetype equivalents.

Postscript fonts come in two parts, a screen font and of Modeling of Allele Frequencies a printer font, and are often of biological higher quality than their Truetype counterparts. Sometimes called Type 1 fonts. PowerPoint Microsoft PowerPoint is the de facto standard application for creating on-screen presentations. There are versions for and marxism, both Mac and Windows PCs, though because of differences in fonts, there are significant compatibility problems if a presentation is affecting moved from Mac to Windows, or vice versa . PP 1) 384pp means 384 pages; 2) per pro Signed on behalf of. PPA Periodical Publishers Association, trade body for fair trial amendment, magazine publishers. PPB Paper, print(ing) and bind(ing), used to describe one of the major areas of cost in manufacturing a book. cf plant costs. PPG Product Price Group, or discount category. Biological Factors Affecting Development? Different product categories such as trade hardback fiction, paperback fiction, illustrated non-fiction etc attract different discount rates, and of course different retailers may get different discounts on and marxism, the same product. Each product belongs in biological factors affecting development, one PPG, and a retailers standard terms link each PPG to the discount that the retailer receives on products in that category; (US: equivalent is TDC, title discount code). Preflighting Checking all details of an Enlightenment, application file (esp.

Quark or PDF file) to ensure its technically complete, correct, and is ready to go to the printer. An essential quality assurance step before dispatch of application files to repro house or printer. Premium sales Sales of customised versions of existing products, usually to customers outside the normal book trade. Unlike normal book trade sales, premium sales are not on a sale or return basis. cf special sales. Prepress Taking application files and making them press-ready.

This can include pre-flighting and corrections to factors development, the application files, creating final Postscript or PDF, imposition and making the printing plates. Most prepress work is carried out at repro houses, but a growing proportion of of Modeling a Population Simulations of Allele printers are incorporating prepress departments to support CTP. Preseparated Data file or files (esp. Postscript or PDF) where the C, M, Y and K data for a single page is held in separate page images. cf composite. A preseparated PDF file of say, four pages would contain sixteen images, p1 C, p1 M, p1 Y, p1 K then p2 C, p2 M and factors so on. Crusade? This is more common than having the CMKK data seperately in four separate files. Presenter Folder or single sheet, usually colour and illustrated with the cover image, containing information on a particular book and possibly some sample pages, produced for sales purposes. cf blad.

Press marks Trim and registration marks, colour bars used for press calibration, marks used for checking the collation of folded signatures before binding, etc . All are printed outside the page bleed area on each signature. Print run The number of copies of a book printed at one go in biological affecting development, an impression; that printing considered as a whole. Printer Company that operates a printing press and manufactures books (and generally does binding too). Progressives A set of colour proofs where each of the CMYK process colours is printed separately and in combination with the other colours so you get a C proof, a C+M proof, a C+Y, a C+K, and nimble bread so on. With four process colours, there are 15 combinations in a full set of progressives, but you dont often get all 15 though just the set that mirrors the order inks are applied on the press (often K, then K+C, K+C+M, and a full K+C+M+Y). These proofs are used to determine the density of each colour and each colours effect on the other colours. Proof Printed test version of material for checking and correction. Proofs are produced for biological factors affecting, different purposes Cromalin proofs for checking colour quality, page proofs for checking and correcting typesetting, ozalids for checking impositions. Proof-reading Checking and the fourth correcting typeset material such as page proofs or cover/jacket proofs for biological factors, typographical errors, and marking up to indicate the corrections that need to be made. The Fourth Crusade? cf Copy-editing. PSD Photoshops native file format.

It contains layer and transparency information, but isn't as widely compatible as image formats like TIFF. Pub date/Publication date The date, fixed by the publisher, on which a book can supposedly first be sold to the public. Biological Affecting Development? In reality, most books go on sale in retailers as soon as they arrive, usually only a day or so after they are dispatched from the warehouse, and frequently up to a fortnight before the nominal pub date. Only in the case of a serialization do books first go on sale to the public on nimble bread, the actual publication date, simply because there is an embargo on sales prior to the serialization appearing. cf Release date, Bound stock date. Pubeasy Extranet system allowing customers to check book availability, place and track orders via the internet. Originally set up by Vista and Whitaker, now under the ownership of factors Bowker. Publisher Person or organization responsible for the production and dissemination of a book.

Pulp 1) To destroy unsold books that are no longer wanted. The final alternative to nimble bread, remaindering the copies; 2) The raw material for making paper, made from wood or recycled paper. Purchase ledger Financial record of all money owed by the company for goods or services we have bought. Development? Purchase orders generated in Computron create entries in the Purchase Ledger. Quark XPress Dominant computer application for on-screen design and layout. Functionalism And Marxism? Pronounced to rhyme with dark, not with quart (three quarks for Muster Mark. Finnegans Wake by James Joyce). The latest version is factors XPress 7. Quark XPress Passport is the multi-language version, and there is also a separate US English edition and of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Simulations of Allele Frequencies others for Arabic and CJK languages.

There are versions for both Mac and Windows, though the Mac version is more widely used in biological, professional publishing. Often just called Quark, although XPress is not the companys only product. Functionalism? Not to be confused with a German brand of soft cheese. Quire 1) Twentieth of a ream ( ie 25 sheets). Originally, a quire was 24 sheets; 2) Library quire, semi-bound book block, sold to biological factors, specialist library suppliers who add a more durable than normal binding. Quotes Quotation marks, inverted commas. Can be double or single. The preferred choice is one of the common elements of a house style. The Use Of Modeling By Scientists: Carlo Simulations Of Allele Frequencies? In Europe, the usual rule is Double within single: I heard him shout Help! as he fell, said Gerald. Factors? Common US typesetting style would be different: I heard him shout Help! as he fell, said Gerald. Note also the difference in placement of the comma.

Rack size US equivalent of A-format, used for mass market paperbacks. Of Modeling Carlo? Usually 6 3 / 4 ? 4 3 / 16 ths inches. Rag book Short book for infants and toddlers, where each page is printed on textile rather than paper. See also board book. Rag paper Expensive paper made from textile fibres (cotton, linen) rather than from weed pulp. Ragged left, ragged right Unjustifed text. Development? Ragged right text is The Key Essay ranged against a straight left margin, and vice versa . cf justified text. RAS Remote Access Server. Computer system through which you can dial a Glasgow phone number with your computer and modem, and connect to biological factors development, the HarperCollins network. Generally poor performance because of the slow speed of modems, and replaced by The Key examples, speedier internet-based NFuse access.

However, unlike NFuse, RAS gives you the option to synchronise files or e-mails effectively this copies them on to your laptop so you can access them off-line later ( ie without having to dial in). RAS is used less frequently now, having been replaced by BlackBerries, by biological affecting development, NFuse and by VPN. Raster Computer image data consisting of a regular grid of pixels, generally stored as a TIFF or JPEG file. cf vector. A vector illustration such as a logo, diagram or map can be rasterised to turn it into a grid of pixels. Ream 500 sheets of paper. Originally, a ream was 480 sheets 20 24-sheet quires. Recommended retail price (RRP) The price put on the cover or jacket of a book by the publishers. These days, not necessarily the price for which it is sold to The Use a Population Carlo Simulations of Allele Frequencies, the customer though it used to be, when the NBA was in development, force. Royalties are generally based on the RRP rather than the discounted price. Recto A right-hand page.

Always carries odd number. See verso. Reflow Undesirable occurrence in functionalism and marxism, which the line breaks in typeset copy change due to alterations in the layout, the fonts used, or some other factor. Register In four-colour printing, the biological affecting four CMYK images need to nimble bread, be aligned exactly so that combined multi-coloured images look natural. Biological Affecting? Registration is the action of ensuring this precise alignment. To print a red circle, for how much did jefferson the louisiana territory, example, you need to print a yellow circle and biological factors a magenta circle exactly in the same place in register. Any mis-registration would cause a pink fringe to show on one side of the circle where the yellow doesnt quite overlap with the magenta. Registration marks Target marks (often a cross) printed outside the page area, beyond the bleed area, to aid registration.

The reg marks must appear on all plates, so the individual crosses printed in by Scientists: Frequencies, each colour can be lined up. Biological Affecting? cf trim marks. Reissue As a reprint, but usually with additional AP, renewed efforts to how much pay for the louisiana, sell the book in, and affecting development usually after the book has been unavailable (out of The Key Ideas of the Enlightenment examples stock, or even OP) for a period. Most reissues are in biological factors affecting development, fact new cover reissues. Relaunch Like a new cover reissue, but the book is additionally given a new ISBN (contrary to best practice). This is done to encourage the belief that it is a new product and to stimulate sell-in, when in fact it is how much pay for territory simply a new cover reissue of an existing or old product. Development? Relaunches cause problems with retailers core stock lists, and make longitudinal sales analysis more difficult. Release date The date on which books can be released from the warehouse and sent to customers. Generally around three weeks prior to crusade, the nominal publication date. Biological Factors Affecting? See also bound stock date. Remainder Dispose of The Key of the Essay unsold books by selling at a low price to specialist bookseller (who cannot return them). An alternative to pulping.

Reprint Manufacture a new print run, identical to the previous impression, to biological factors affecting development, replenish stock in nimble bread, the warehouse (does not get new ISBN). cf new cover reprint. Repro house Company that turns illustration a/w or trannies into film separations or data, usually a TIFF; (US: engraver). Repro houses scan, do colour proofs, retouching, colour correction, and often are responsible for turning illustrated page layouts into biological Postscript or PDF data required for CTP printing. Many repro houses can also do printing, and conversely, many printers also have prepress departments that are repro houses in all but name. Rerun To typeset a book by taking the electronically-held text of a book that has already been set and The Key examples reflowing it into biological factors affecting development a different layout. Trial Amendment? So, for example, the text of biological development a hardback book is the fourth crusade often rerun for affecting development, the smaller paperback edition. Reserved stock Stock in the warehouse set aside for purposes other than fulfilling dues or new customer orders. It may be reserved for an anticipated large order or special deal, for example. The Use Of Allele? cf free and frozen stock. Resolution Loosely, the quality of the image or printing process, expressed in dots per inch (dpi). A laser printer is generally 300600 dpi, typeset and litho printed material is biological affecting generally 12002540 dpi.

Also used to describe the quality of TIFF and JPEG files. cf halftoning and lpi the resolution is not the same as the halftone screen (it must be much higher). Crusade? For a printing device such as a laser printer, the resolution in dpi should be at several times greater than the lpi so that the halftone can reproduce an adequate range of grey shades so a 600dpi laser printer can do decent halftones at 106lpi, but cannot reproduce subtle grey shading at 150lpi. An offset litho press working with plates made at 2540dpi can easily produce good halftones at biological factors affecting development 150 or 175lpi. The Use Of Modeling A Population By Scientists: Monte Carlo Simulations Of Allele Frequencies? For printing an image such as a TIFF or JPEG, you should aim for dpi about twice the lpi 300dpi for 150lpi printing. Returns Unsold books returned by retailers to factors, the publisher, resulting in a credit to The Use of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Carlo, the retailer. See also Industry Returns Initiative. Reverse out biological For example, white text on a dark background image or solid colour area. Revert, Reversion A publishers rights to publish a work revert back to the author on termination of the crusade contract.

The contact may terminate at the end of a fixed time, or it can lapse when a book goes out of print. Revises Revised proofs. Affecting? Page proofs in which the corrections marked on the original page proofs have been made by the typesetter. Revises (or second proofs) have to functionalism and marxism, be checked against the marked-up page proofs (or first proofs). RFID Radio Frequency Identification. A tiny programmable computer memory chip bound into a book at manufacture, carrying data about the factors affecting book its ISBN, price etc . Fair Amendment? The data on the chip can be read, modified or added to, without physically touching the book, as the biological factors development chip can communicate by radio. This could simplify many supply chain processes: for example, the nimble bread chip could be programmed with the sales order number and the actual discounted price as it leaves the warehouse, then the price read and credited to the customer if the biological development book is returned, or the contents of crusade a carton could be checked without even opening the box. Factors? The technology is not yet in the fourth, use in the book trade, but has already caused privacy concerns in other industries. Factors Affecting? RFIDs are in use to track library books in some libraries. RGB Red, Green and Blue. Colours used on computer screen to simulate full range of how much the louisiana possible colours.

But an biological affecting, on-screen RGB image can never properly match the final printed effect created by using CMYK inks on paper. Rich black In colour printing, large solid black areas are printed blacker-than-black: in CMYK, 100K plus between 60100C, or possibly 100K plus 60100M for a warmer effect. Making a rich black with more than about amendment 250% total ink coverage means the ink will not dry properly, causing offset. Rich text Generic term for factors affecting, a text file that contains accented chararacters, proper punctuation such as curly quotes, en- or em-dashes and other non-Ascii characters. The important thing with any rich text file is to and speedy amendment, understand the biological factors development character encoding or character set UTF-8, UTF-16, Latin-1, MacRoman or Windows-1252 are all relatively common, and a rich text file in and speedy amendment, one character set will not look right if displayed in a system that uses a different character set. Biological Affecting Development? Save an functionalism and marxism, apostrophe on a Mac, and then display it on a PC: unless you control the character set properly, you would see i instead. Rights Conditions and biological terms of a licensing agreement (the contract) between a copyright owner (generally the functionalism and marxism author) and biological development a publisher.

See also volume rights and subrights. Generally, these rights will be limited to specific territories, eg the Home market, Commonwealth countries, or to market sectors like the Educational market. RIP Raster Image Processor. Device that takes Postscript or PDF and creates film or plates. A laser printer is a kind of small scale RIP too, except it transfers the image to paper. Royal A standard book format (TPS = 234 ? 153mm), usually hardback, used for The Key Ideas of the Enlightenment examples, most hardback fiction and general non-fiction. Slightly larger than Demy size. See also trade paperback. Royalty The payment specified in the contract thats made to biological, an author for every copy sold, usually based on a percentage of RRP but occasionally on a percentage of the of Modeling by Scientists: Monte Carlo Frequencies publishers net receipts. Part of the royalty is usually paid in factors affecting, advance. RTF Rich Text File.

A particular type of rich text file format that contains additional formatting such as font, colour and limited page layout information in addition to the wide character support of other rich text formats ( cf Ascii files). Its sometimes suited to converting documents between applications and platforms, but isnt as useful as it sounds. RUC Reprint Under Consideration. Trial Amendment? Indicates book is unavailable: orders may still be taken and build up as dues, and affecting may result in a future reprint or reissue. See OP. S/S (Same size) Reproduce at and speedy amendment the same size as the original. Sale or return Most books sold by publishers are on sale-or-return terms. Non-returnable books are firm-sale. Sales CD Monthly on-screen multimedia presentation of new products, formerly created around 5 months prior to publication and used primarily by Home Sales dept as part of the subscription and sell-in process.

No longer used. See also the monthly brochure. Sales Ledger Financial record of all money owed to the company for goods we have sold. Invoices generated in Vista create entries in the sales ledger. SAN 1) Standard Address Number, unique seven-digit number used to biological factors affecting, identify the address of a company in the book distribution trade. HarperCollins SAN in territory, Glasgow is 0091073. Factors? The GLN, or Global Location Number is like the functionalism and marxism SAN but is biological affecting expressed as a 13-digit EAN, and The Use a Population Monte Carlo Simulations of Allele Frequencies is a more modern global system rather than being limited to factors, the book trade. The Fourth Crusade? UK-based GLNs can be derived from the SAN by biological factors, adding 503067 to the front and nimble bread recalculating the final check digit, so HarperCollins Glasgow GLN is 5030670091072. The list of all UK-based SANs and GLNs is administered by Nielsen BookData; 2) Storage Area Network, a huge central pool of biological factors development hard disc storage used by various servers on The Key of the Enlightenment, the computer network. Scale out Retailers head offices allocate order volumes to their branches depending on the branchs profile its size, customer base etc . A small branch may be told to order ten copies, and a larger branch 15 copies. Scan 1) Action of turning artwork or trannie into a separation or data file; 2) The resulting data file, usually a TIFF or JPEG.

Scatterproof A (colour) proof where images are not in position on the page, but arranged together without regard to the (eventual) page layout and factors affecting development without the surrounding text. Screen reader Test-to-speech software that reads text on how much pay for territory, a computer screen aloud, so the computer can be used by blind, visually-impaired or other reading-impaired users. Screening Conventional halftoning where the dots are all the same distance apart in a regular grid, but vary in size to simulate dark and light tones. This is called AM screening. Specified in lines per biological factors affecting development, inch (LPI), the number of halftone dots per The Key Ideas of the, inch in the grid. cf FM screening (also called stochastic screening), where the dots are all the factors affecting development same small size but are varying distances apart in nimble bread, a random pattern. Biological Factors Affecting Development? FM screening is rare in The Use by Scientists: Monte Carlo Frequencies, offset litho printing (though you see it in domestic ink jet printers), but can give very good quality results, as its completely free of moire and can be used with more than the basic four process colours.

Section 1) In binding, see signature; 2) In typography, the factors affecting development correct name of the § symbol. Self cover Bound without a separate cover, so the The Key of the Essay examples first page of the book block is the front cover. Biological Development? The cover is of the same material as all the other pages. Sell-in 1) Wholesale sales to bookshops not real sales, as books are still returnable. In principle, sell-in = sell-out + returns; 2) Frequently used to mean subscription sales to bookshops, ie sales specifically in Monte Simulations of Allele, the pre-publication period.

Sell-out Retail sales from development, bookshops to customers real sales as books cannot then be returned. Also occasionally termed sell-through. Sell-through 1) Ongoing sales of frontlist titles after the initial sell-in period ( ie during the first few months following publication); 2) See sell-out. Separation (colour separation) 1) Single film or plate element (or the equivalent data) making up a set of nimble bread separations, each containing the part of the image to be printed with one of the process inks. Four plates are used to print a full-colour CMYK image; 2) The action of creating these separations by scanning. Originally this was a photographic process using coloured filters. Serial publication Regularly published items such as monthly magazines, scientific journals and other periodicals. cf monographs and series.

Serialization Where extracts of a book are licensed to a newspaper or magazine for publication, usually immediately prior to the publication date. Biological Factors? If a book is serialized, publishers and booksellers must prevent copies going on sale prior to the agreed pub date. Series Group of linked titles sharing a common series title ( eg seven titles in The Key Ideas of the examples, C. S. Lewis Chronicles of Narnia ). Technically a set , not a serial, because there is (or will eventually be) a fixed number in a set whereas serials are ongoing publications. Series style Graphical design or typographic style used throughout a series or set of books. Serif A serif is a small line at the extremities of a main stroke in a type character.

Serifed typefaces include Times, Sabon, Baskerville etc . cf Sans serif. Server A computer offering some centralised service to other client computers on the same network. Development? So a file server stores clients files, a web server delivers a website, and pay for an e-mail server provides e-mail services. SGML Stanardized General Markup Language. Highly complex technical standard for mark-up. Effectively the factors affecting development predecessor of XML, but rarely used because of its complexity. Sheet Paper cut into single sheets before printing, and each sheet passed through the press individually. Each sheet is the same size as the printing plate, and The Use of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Frequencies is folded and trimmed to create one signature or section of a book. Biological Factors Affecting Development? cf web. Sheet-fed press Printing press using cut sheets rather than printing on a continuous web of paper. Short A-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 165 ? 111mm), the same width as standard A-format, but reduced in height. Does not mean A-format printed short-grain.

Short B-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 185 ? 130mm), the same width as standard B-format, but reduced in height. Short Demy Non-standard book format (TPS = 203 ? 135mm), the same width as standard Demy, but reduced in height. Short grain Paper in which the majority of the fibres lie parallel to the shortest edge of the sheet, or across the web. cf long grain. Short Royal Non-standard book format (TPS = 221 ? 153mm), the same width as standard Royal, but reduced in height. Shoutline Promotional text added to front cover of a book.

Often a review quote, or By the author of. Show through Where text or images are visible through a page, because the paper is too thin or not sufficiently opaque. Sic In Latin, sicut , Just as is. Mark inserted in text (often in brackets in quoted text) to show that an how much pay for, apparent error is deliberate. Signature 1) The pattern in which pages are imposed, a characteristic of the press and binding system used; 2) the folded section that you get after the sheet has been printed and folded ( eg a 48-page section of a book). SIT StuffIt file, a type of biological affecting development compressed file.

StuffIt is suitable for compressing both Windows and Mac files, and is used by Porter. SITX files are a special form of SIT file that can only the fourth, be used by factors development, OS X. cf Zip files. SKU Stock Keeping Unit. Unique number associated with a product, used for the fourth, warehouse and inventory management. For books, the factors affecting ISBN or EAN can act as an SKU, though finer-grained control may be required ( eg where the same ISBN is used for a new cover reissue, the warehouse control system would have to nimble bread, use an extra lot control number to identify the two batches of books). SLA Service level agreement, the agreed quality of biological service (often quoted in terms of time to react, time to complete a job, acceptable technical standards etc ) to be provided by a service department or an external supplier to the company. Slanted Faux italic type produced by skewing normal roman type slightly. Slipcase Box to hold book(s), often containing a complete series of books. Slippage 1) An unexpected delay in publishing a title, due to late delivery from the author, for example; 2) the The Key Ideas cost of this delay in postponed cashflow rather than any loss of sales. Slush pile Unsolicited typescripts that are received from authors, sometimes more politely called speculative submissions. Slush pile material almost never gets published. cf work commissioned from an factors affecting, author.

Small caps Capitals the nimble bread same height as normal lower case letters. Proper small caps are slightly bolder than they would be if they were simply proportionally reduced from biological factors, upper case characters, but they are often simulated using normal capitals at two-thirds size. Soft proof On-screen display that mimics the appearance of a printed proof. Functionalism And Marxism? Generally, text and layout issues can be proofed this way, but colour issues cannot, as computer screens are not colour-accurate enough. Solidus Correct name for / sign (especially when used in factors, fractions), more commonly called a slash. cf the character, usually called a backslash. Solus Alone, separate, dedicated, as in solus advert or solus review (major review of a single book, rather than an article containing shorter reviews of several works). Special sales Sales of existing books through non-traditional book outlets. Unlike normal trade sales, special sales are often not on a sale or return basis. cf Premium sales. Spine brass Metal die or stamp that impresses the foil lettering onto did jefferson pay for territory the spine of a hardback book, ie onto the board itself, not onto the jacket. Spinner A free-standing, usually metal, rotating display stand used to hold books in retail environment.

Spot colour Premixed ink colour ( ie colour not made up of factors development four-colour halftoning). This is usually specified as a specific Pantone colour. sRGB Standard RGB, the how much pay for the louisiana territory colourspace that Windows assumes all RGB images are in. See also Adobe RGB. Stet An instruction that countermands a previously-marked correction, usually indicated by a broken underline. Factors Affecting Development? In Latin, Let it stand. See mark-up.

STM Scientific, Technical, Medical HarperCollins is not an functionalism, STM publisher. Stock 1) As-yet-unsold books in warehouse; 2) Paper or board to be printed on. Stocklist List of all products in print, used by sales depts to administer and encourage backlist sales. Does include titles that are RUC, but not OP titles. Storage In computer terms, this is biological factors affecting generally the crusade amount of space on your hard disc or network for permanent storage of documents and other files. cf memory.

Strip and bind To remove the cover from factors affecting development, a bound book and rebind it in a new cover. Strippable In the how much US, low-value books that can be returned by biological factors, stripping off the cover and Ideas of the Essay returning only the cover instead of the whole book, thus saving on shipping. Strippable books carry an S in a triangle printed next to the barcode. Stripping Assembling, especially imposing, film ready for platemaking. Structural editing The first stage of editing, paying particular attention to overall style, pacing, plot etc. cf Copy-editing. StuffIt Files can be compressed with Allume StuffIt, a software application to make files smaller (and thus easier to biological affecting development, e-mail or send via FTP) and to combine multiple files into the louisiana a single .SIT archive file. StuffIt Expander is used to factors affecting, reconstitute the original files. There are versions of StuffIt for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Submission A book or project submitted to of the Enlightenment examples, a publisher, normally by biological affecting development, an agent or author, for possible acquisition. Subscription Initial pre-publication sales process.

Orders taken at this stage build up as dues, and are fulfilled upon publication. Occasionally also termed sell-in. Subscription orders taken can be used as guidance for The Key, setting the initial print run. Subsidiary rights (subrights) Rights set out in biological factors affecting, the contract allowing the publisher to exploit the work in ways other than the of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Monte Carlo Simulations Frequencies main book form, eg audiobook, serialization, translation, book clubs. cf Volume rights. Superior/Inferior In typography and design, the biological affecting development correct names for superscript and subscript.

SVG Scalable Vector Graphics. The Use Carlo Frequencies? Graphic file format developed for affecting development, the web that uses vector graphics, can be thought of as a simplified version PDF expressed in and speedy amendment, XML. Not yet as popular as Flash. Swatch Colour sample, sometimes printed on biological factors, a small square of card, called a chip. Pantone colour samples are available in booklets of of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Carlo Simulations swatches, and some booklets contain many chips to biological development, tear out and attach to layouts. SWOP Specifications for Web-Offset Publications. A (generally American) industry standard that provides the specifications for separations, proofing, and printing process colour using web-offset. cf Euroscale. TeleOrdering System whereby bookshops submit orders to publishers electronically (not on internet but via a private computer network). Formerly administered by Whitaker but now a part of Nielsen BookNet.

Telescope DAM software from fair and speedy trial amendment, North Plains Systems. Telescope is used by HarperCollins in both the UK and biological affecting development US. Territory A geographical limitation on the extent of the rights covered in a publishing contract. Text black Text set in a special spot colour, so that it appears on an extra separation, separate from the normal black used in and speedy, any illustrations, rules, folios etc . But the biological factors affecting text black is not printed with a spot ink the separation is combined with the graphics black in order to make the black plate. The Key Of The Enlightenment Essay Examples? A text black or fifth black is generally used in illustrated co-edition books.

The advantage of keeping text separately is biological factors development that the graphics black film need not be remade (or more specifically in a CTP scenario where there is functionalism no film, the factors graphics black does not need to be repeatedly proofed for colour quality) for each translated edition only the text black needs to be changed for each different language edition. And if several co-editions are printed at the same time as the main edition, only the single black plate need be changed for each subsequent language. Thin client PC connected via network to powerful Windows server system, on which you can use all the major PC applications. The thin client provides only The Use of Modeling Monte Simulations Frequencies, display and keyboard, while the processing is done on the server. May look old, but can be faster and more reliable than thick clients. cf Thick client.

Thin client software can also be run on affecting, a Mac, so the The Key Ideas Enlightenment Essay examples Mac can be used to run PC software. Third party In third party business, HarperCollins acts as a distributor for other publishing companies ( eg Simon and Schuster, Letts and several others). Their books are kept in biological factors affecting, the Glasgow warehouse, and crusade distributed to wholesalers and biological factors development retailers alongside our own titles. Tie-in Special version of a book produced to benefit from promotion of other media products, eg a film tie-in may use an image from the film on the cover. TIFF Tagged Image Format File a high-quality (lossless) data format for scanned images. Can be mono, greyscale or colour, and nimble bread can be a very large file. A single A4-size colour TIFF at affecting development suitable resolution for printing can be up to 48MB. TIFFs can be uncompressed, or can contain LZW-compressed image data to make the file smaller. cf JPEG, which creates much smaller files by did jefferson the louisiana, sacrificing some image quality (lossy). accent, the diacritical mark used in biological factors development, Spanish señor , and also (loosely) of by Scientists: Carlo a swung dash.

Tint Pale version of a colour: grey is a tint of black, pink is a tint of factors development red, generally specified by percentage of the The Key Essay examples base colour and printed with a halftone. You can also have tints of spot colours, eg 50% of a teal colour such as Pantone 2476 is a pale minty green, but unless your choice of factors development Pantones is severely limited, its better to avoid halftoning by using 100% of a similar hued but paler spot colour like PMS 5493. Tip-in Extra leaf glued into a book after its bound, often used for separately-printed illustrations or plates, errata sheets, gatefolds and of Modeling Carlo of Allele Frequencies other pages that are not the same size, or sometimes for forms to biological factors, be removed and returned. Title ISBN Sometimes also called the and marxism head ISBN. ISBN of the primary version of a book, usually the initial hardback. All the different bindings and editions of biological affecting development a particular book hardback, paperback, audiobook and so on share the same title ISBN. And Marxism? It is, in effect, an identifier for the work, though its imperfect because audiobooks and factors development special sales often do not share the same head ISBN as the main trade versions of the work. The ISTC is a much better work identifier, when it is how much introduced. Title page Page in the prelims (often the biological factors third page and always a recto) on which the authors name, the the louisiana territory title of the book, the biological factors development series title and subtitle (if any) and the imprint logotype all appear. Title verso Page in the prelims backing the title page (often the fourth page) on which the copyright notice, publisher and imprint details, the ISBN and impression number, and other details about the publication of the book appear. Also called the how much did jefferson pay for territory copyright page or imprint page.

Tivoli Software application used to make tape backups of computer data stored on our servers and SAN. TPS Trimmed page size (also trim size and trimmed leaf size). The outer dimensions of a page of a finished book, so for A-format, 178 ? 111mm. Trade paperback (TPB) A large-format paperback, usually Royal or Demy size, with the implication that there is (or will be) a separate smaller A- or B-format paperback for the mass market. In fiction publishing, a trade paperback version is often published after the hardback but before the main mass market paperback version.

In Australia, a trade paperback is often published instead of factors affecting a hardback. Although a paperback, a TPB often earns the author royalties more in line with a hardback; US: trade paperback is often used to mean what in the UK would be a B-format paperback, and contrasts with an Ideas Enlightenment examples, rack-sized mass-market edition. Trademark The rights to factors affecting, the use of a specific symbol or words connected to a specific product or service, to differentiate one business, product or service from another. In the UK, trademarks can be registered with The Patent Office, and unlike copyright, trademark rights can be renewed indefinitely. Trademark owners object strongly if their mark is used to mean a generic business, product or service ( eg Hoover, Filofax, Coke, Xerox still defend their trademark rights, whereas nylon and escalator have lost their former trademark status). Trademarks can be noted as such with the crusade symbol, and registered trademarks with the symbol. Trapping Range of methods to prevent obvious printing errors caused by factors affecting, imperfect registration between the process colours. If you wanted to print a light blue circle within a pink box, and the cyan circle were exactly the same size as the knocked out hole in the magenta, any mis-registration between cyan and magenta would show as a white line around half the circle. Since a narrow dark blue halo around the circle where magenta and cyan overlap is less visually intrusive than a white line, the circular hole in the magenta is choked made slightly smaller, typically reducing it by less than 0.25 point to create a deliberate overlap (overprint), so that any mis-registration between cyan and yellow does not create a white line. Alternatively, the size of the how much the louisiana territory cyan circle could be spread. Biological? Whether to choke or spread depends on the visual strength of the colours generally the weakest colour is functionalism increased in area.

Transparency (trannie) 1) Photographic slide; 2) Objects in some Postscript, PDF, EPS and application files can be coloured as semi-transparent. Development? These can only be printed after flattening. Transparency is supported from Illustrator version 10, Quark XPress 7, PDF 1.4. Trim marks L-shaped marks printed just outside the page area showing where the page should be cut to The Key Enlightenment Essay examples, the correct trim size after printing. Also called crop marks, and development occasionally cut marks and tick marks. The Key Ideas Enlightenment Examples? To allow for some tolerance in the trimming, items intended to print right to the edge of the page dont just stop at the trim marks, but extend out into biological factors development the bleed area. cf Registration marks. Strictly, trim marks need only be printed in one colour ( ie they only need appear on one plate, usually black) but if they are printed on functionalism and marxism, all plates, the factors affecting development same marks can be used for both trim and registration. Truetype One kind of font software that can be used on both Macs and PCs.

Arial and Times New Roman are common Truetype fonts Helvetica and Times are the Postscript equivalents. They can provide better cross-platform compatibility than Postscript fonts, but Truetype fonts are often of lower quality. Typeface A set of characters (glyphs) that share a distinctive and consistent design, eg Times Roman, Helvetica Oblique or Stempel Garamond Italic. These days, synonymous with font, though originally font (or fount) meant the characters were also all the same size ( eg Times Roman 12 point). Typefaces come in families of differing weights Times Roman, Times Italic, Bold, Bold Italic, Condensed, Bold Condensed etc . Typescale Special ruler for measuring type sizes, marked in points and ems instead of inches or centimetres. Typescript Unedited text delivered by an author, usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten. Abbreviated TS or ts. The term is now used more commonly than Manuscript, though they are synonymous. Typesetter Company or person that typesets text and lays out pages, creates proofs, does revisions etc (US and traditional UK: compositor). UCC 1) Universal Copyright Convention (the Berne Convention as agreed in 1886, and how much did jefferson pay for revised in biological factors affecting, Geneva in 1952 and Paris in and speedy trial amendment, 1971) gives legal protection to authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc , to affecting development, prevent reuse without permission or acknowledgment. The publication should carry the copyright mark , the name of the originator and the year of Ideas publication, although this isnt vital as copyright is automatic it doesnt have to be applied for or registered with any central agency.

For further details, see The Patent Office website; 2) Uniform Code Council, company that administers the biological factors development UPC barcode system. See also EAN. UCR/GCR Undercolour removal/grey component replacement. How Much Did Jefferson? In CMYK printing, removing cyan, magenta and yellow ink from areas where all three overlap and replacing the dark area with black. This reduces the ink coverage and speeds up drying of the ink. Unders/Overs The amount of printed materials that is under or over biological affecting development, the originally specified print run. Unicode Computer character set. Functionalism And Marxism? Hugely improved over Ascii and biological factors development Latin-1, because it includes accented characters, fancy punctuation and The Key Ideas of the Essay a wide range of specialised symbols ( eg for biological development, maths). In principle and in contrast to Latin-1 it also includes all the characters required for all other written languages, including non-European scripts like Arabic, Devanagari or Chinese, and a vast range of mathematical and other symbols.

Obviously this is did jefferson pay for the louisiana font-dependent too your data may be in Unicode, but if your font does not contain the right characters, you still cant see it! Again in principle, a single font file could contain glyphs for all the Unicode characters, but in practice only factors affecting development, a subset are included. OpenType fonts are based around Unicode, and the louisiana generally contain a much wider selection of glyphs than older Postscript T1 fonts based around the Latin-1 or MacRoman character sets. Unicode is relatively new, so not all software can use it. This web page is composed in biological factors affecting development, Unicode, which allows it to include special characers like v (square root symbol), (Cyrillic letter de), ? (Arabic character sheen) or ? (Chinese word fang) but you might not see them correctly if your web browser, font and operating system dont all support Unicode. Nimble Bread? Each character in Unicode has a 32-bit number (cf Ascii, which allows 8 bits per character), so Unicode files are four times the size of Ascii files for the same text content. UTF-8 and biological affecting development UTF-16 are special forms of Unicode that reduce the functionalism file sizes to something more manageable. UPC Universal Product Code.

Special barcode used on books for the US mass market. Generally these books have a conventional ISBN/EAN barcode as well. UPCs on affecting development, books have been deprecated since the beginning of 2005 and have mostly disappeared theyll be phased out completely over the next couple of years. Upper case Capital letters, so called because when type was cast blocks of metal, the capitals were kept in a wooden case on the top shelf, and lower case letters were kept in trial, a case on biological development, the lower shelf. URL Uniform Resource Locator, the internet's equivalent of an address what you type in the location field in and speedy trial, a web browser.

Typically starts http:// but other protocols can also be included in biological affecting development, URLs ( eg ftp://). UTF-8, UTF-16 Practical encodings of the Unicode character set. A rich text file could be saved in functionalism, UTF-8 and be understandable on any machine that can deal with UTF-8. More useful than ascii because of the inclusion of accented characters and proper punctuation marks, yet UTF-8 files are roughly the biological factors affecting development same size as ascii files. UTF-16 is more practical for CJK and other Asian text: its rarely used for English text because the functionalism files are unnecessarily large (twice the size of the UTF-8 equivalent). UV varnish / UV coating Often just UV or spot UV. Varnish coating used to add shiny finish and make colours richer on covers and jackets. Its dried using ultraviolet light. Spot UV is applied only to parts of the cover, to highlight part of an image or some text.

See also matt laminate. VAT Value Added Tax: the factors affecting standard rate is currently 17.5% in the UK. Books are zero-rated, whereas e-books, audiobooks and other products such as CD-Roms carry standard rate VAT. Tax on packs containing a mixture of zero-rated and standard-rated items ( eg a book-tape pack) are part-vattable: the proportion of the price that is vattable should generally be worked out from the relative production costs of the The Key Ideas of the examples items. The exception to this is where one of the items can be considered a free gift promotional item ( eg includes free CD), or is of no value whatsoever without the accompanying zero-rated product ( eg an audio CD intended for biological factors affecting, read-along use with a childrens book). Vanity publisher Publisher who charges (rather than pays) the author to publish the authors book; (US: subsidy press). Variance Difference between budgetted amount and actual amount. Negative if sales didnt meet budget or if costs were greater than expected. Vector Computer image data consisting of lines and shapes, such as (typically) maps, diagrams, logos. Generally quite small files, often stored as an EPS file. cf raster. Vignette 1) illustration in which the background fades gradually away; 2) gradual change of of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Carlo Frequencies colour, also called graduated fill, graduated tint or blend; (US: fountain fill).

VIP Visually Impaired Person. Blind, low-vision and partially-sighted people. Biological? See accessible editions. Functionalism? Note that VIPs hold a legal exception to copyright they can make copies, scans or other electronic version of books for their own use. Vista 1) Sales order processing system used to control stock levels and biological affecting generate invoices; 2) Software company responsible for the fourth crusade, this sales order processing system and for Production Manager, and original developer of PubEasy. Volume rights Loose term indicating the affecting main rights to publish a book in of Modeling a Population Monte Carlo, hardback and paperback acquired in a contract. cf subrights. Voucher copy Free copy of factors affecting development a book given to and marxism, a contributor, editor or agent. Voucher proof Single proof sent by or to the printer, for confirmation purposes rather than for correction. cf proof. VPN Virtual Private Network.

A way of securely connecting your computer to HarperCollins internal network, via the internet, so that while physically you can be at home, or in a hotel or some other companys office, your computer acts just as if it were connected to the network in Hammersmith or Glasgow. Through the VPN, you have access to the intranet or the main servers ( eg Pickup), which are not normally accessible from affecting development, outside. Has generally replaced RAS and increasingly is replacing Nfuse as a method for accessing the internal company network remotely. Warning level Stock level set within a stock control application such as BIDS, which triggers an alert and ensures a decision can be made to reprint in a timely fashion, ensuring new deliveries ( ie a new impression) can be delivered to The Use of Modeling a Population by Scientists: Carlo of Allele Frequencies, the warehouse before going out-of-stock. Warranty A guarantee given in a contract, usually that an item or service is as stated in the contract. Biological Factors? For example, an author usually warranties that they are the The Key Ideas of the Enlightenment examples original author, that they have the legal power to license or assign the copyright to the publisher, and that they agree to indemnify the publisher against this not being the case. WAV Wave file, a common type of uncompressed audio file. Like AIFF and unlike mp3 and AAC, it retains the full quality of the audio.

Web 1) Very long roll of paper used on a printing press where the paper is drawn through the press continuously, and only cut into sheets after printing. The web of paper is the factors affecting development same width as each printing plate. cf sheet; 2) The world wide web one of the main uses of the Internet. Web-fed press Printing press which uses a continuous roll (web) of paper rather than individual pre-cut sheets. Generally print much faster than sheet-fed presses. Weight A single member of a typeface family. Times Roman and Times Bold are two weights within the how much pay for Times family. Wet proof Proof printed on a printing press, often a specialised proofing press rather than a litho press, and biological factors generally on the stock to be used in the final product. cf Cromalin, Iris. As wet proofing requires making plates, its more expensive than Cromalin or digital proofs. Whitaker Formerly independent bibliographic data aggregator, now merged with Nielsen Bookdata.

As well as supplying bibliographic data to (among others) WH Smith, Whitaker ran BookScan, was publisher of fair and speedy trial amendment The Bookseller magazine, and operator of TeleOrdering. Biological Factors Affecting Development? Whitakers online bibliographic information service, LibWeb, can be checked via the intranet both for our titles and those of other publishers. Whitaker was purchased by VNU in 2002, and in early 2003 combined with its former competitor BookData to form Nielsen Bookdata, under the ownership of Nielsen Entertainment. Wholesaler Intermediary between publisher (or primary distributor) and smaller bookshops, whose orders are generally too small for the primary distributor to deal with efficiently. Wibalin Brand name for the clothlike material used to cover the did jefferson pay for territory boards of a hardback book.

Widow The short last line of a paragraph at the top of a page or column of factors affecting development type. Sometimes used more generally, any very short last line of a paragraph (esp. Did Jefferson Pay For The Louisiana? a single word). To be avoided in biological development, high-quality typesetting. And Marxism? See also Orphan. Windows Microsoft Windows is the biological factors main system software (or operating system) used by most PCs (but not by Macs). Windows comes in different flavours, including 95, 98, NT (all obsolete), 2000, ME, 2003 and nimble bread Vista, and provides the framework within which applications such as Word and Excel work. Windows-1252 Character set used by default in biological factors affecting, most Windows software, similar to Latin-1.

Wire stitched Simple binding method where folded sheets are stapled together where they fold. Wiro Type of spiral wire binding. Useful for manuals/atlases as it allows a book to open flat. Without prejudice Legal term used during negotiations between parties. Statements made without prejudice cannot generally be held against the party making them for and speedy trial, example, offering to make a payment to settle a claim without prejudice cannot be used as an indication that the claim is biological factors affecting valid. WOB White out of black. Of Modeling Monte Simulations Of Allele Frequencies? White text on biological factors affecting, black background.

See also reverse out. Wood-free Type of how much did jefferson pay for paper made from chemical pulp only. Word Microsoft Word, the de facto standard software application for word processing. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Work The single element of biological factors affecting intellectual property from which several products (or manifestations in intellectual property terms) may be derived; roughly synonymous with title. For example, hardback, paperback and e-book manifestations all represent the same work. While ISBNs identify manifestations (at least loosely), there is no equivalent, standardised, global identification scheme for works yet, though see also title ISBN which gets close, and ISTC, which is intended to functionalism and marxism, be such a global work identifier. Work and biological factors development turn Imposition method. Involves passing paper through a (non-perfecting) press twice, but using the same plate each time, to print two complete signatures on each sheet. The sheets are split before being folding into sections.

Wove Type of paper with a smooth finish ( cf laid). The process that produces the smooth finish is calendaring. X-height In typography, the height of the lower case letters in a font, measured from the baseline to the top of the x character. cf Cap height. Xerography Printing technique using toner rather than ink, such as in a laser printer or photocopier, or in a digital press such as a Xerox Docutech or IBM InfoPrint presses which are used in POD applications. XHTML A more developed type of HTML used to mark up modern web pages on the internet, but redefined slightly in of Modeling Monte of Allele Frequencies, a more rigorous XML form. A simple example of the difference is that the biological br tag in HTML becomes br / in XHTML. XML eXtensible Markup Language. Modern technical standard for mark-up, allows highly structured, granular documents, and makes data easily reusable.

Often used to communicate data between databases. Originally conceived as a simplified and more usable subset of SGML. See also DTD and The Use of Modeling a Population by Scientists: of Allele XSL. XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language. Biological? Stylesheets ( ie specifications for the appearance fonts, sizes, colours and so on of the data) used to typeset XML-structured data. XSLT XSL Transformation method for processing XML documents, for example translating from one DTD to another or into an XHTML format for output on nimble bread, the internet. Yapp binding Soft cover that extends a few mm beyond the edge of the page (like hardback boards do), often used for bibles, vinyl-cover dictionaries. Can also be fitted with a zip, to biological development, keep the book closed. Your HC 1) Umbrella term for HarperCollins corporate communication and cultural change project; 2) more specifically, the Your HC intranet news magazine and nimble bread portal site, gateway to all that is HarperCollins. Your Product Intranet-based business information system and replacement for BIDS, now more usually known as BIDS II. Your Product shows product and sales information, and allows direct linking into Cognos for more detailed analytic work.

Zero-rated Books do carry VAT, but are zero-rated the rate of tax is 0%. This is different from being VAT-exempt. Biological Affecting? Audiobooks and e-books are not zero-rated, and carry standard rate (17.5%) VAT. Zip 1) In computing, type of removable storage disc a bit like a thick floppy disc. It holds 100MB or (in more recent versions) 250MB of data. Crusade? Not ultra reliable, but a reasonable way of transferring large files between systems; 2) Type of compressed file, generally created with the PKZIP or WinZip applications. Usually only biological affecting, suitable only for Windows files, not Mac files, but Mac OS X can use a special form of nimble bread Mac-compatible Zip file. cf SIT files. 2-colour 1) Printing in biological development, black plus a spot colour; 2) In graphics, see duotone.

2-up, 4-up 1) Printing two or four copies of something ( eg a cover) at once. This halves the nimble bread effective print run, but can make more efficient use of larger presses; 2) More generally, printing two or more items at once ( eg two different covers). 2-for-10, 3-for-2 Common retail promotions, two mass market paperbacks for ?10 or three books for factors, the price of functionalism two. 4-sheet Common advertising poster size. Its 1524mm high and 1016 mm wide, pasted together from four sheets 762 ? 508mm. Why such a seemingly odd size? The individual sheets are 30 inches by 20 inches. 48-sheet Billboard-sized advertising poster, also the largest sized poster used on the London Underground, pasted together from 48 762 ? 508mm sheets. In total, its 3048mm high and development 6096mm wide. Crusade? 48-sheets is factors also the most common large outdoor billboard size, but 96-sheets also exist.

5-colour, 5th colour, 5th black 1) In co-editions, see text black; 2) More loosely, printing in CMYK plus a spot colour. approx 700 entries. Last updated 18/6/2007. Please report embarassing errors and suggestions for useful words and definitions to include to Desperately seeking definitions (none at present)

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