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Essay: The ‘teamwork’ concept – cause and effect. Man has enormous potentials. Generic? What individuals cannot accomplish alone is possible through organization. Human resource is the Therapy an Alcoholic Parent Essay critical factor to achieve competitive advantage and strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) focuses on proactive management of people. Aligning physical and mental orientation of employees towards common goals is generic software, best accomplished by creating conducive environment. Teamwork is an attribute which provides impetus and added traction to group of bamboozled film employees in its march towards excellence. Leadership improves individual and team focus and adds energy and generic software passion to pursuits.

Virtually all stakeholders agree to Therapy an Alcoholic Essay need of team work implying unanimity and generic complete agreement on intention. But good teamwork is not common implying problems in action and not intention. There is no dearth of literature or knowhow on area, teamwork and some lip service to teamwork is common in most enterprises. While large number of factors is measured and generic tracked but there is no measure of teamwork in CEOs dashboard of Key performance Indicators (KPIs). 1.1.1 CENTRAL IDEA. Absence of teamwork shall be a limiting factor inhibiting teams march towards excellence. The objective of this study is to develop a model or framework to evaluate perception about leadership and teamwork in target organization. The aim of framework is to Family Essay find out what is holding the team from continually improving and striving to be the best (from where it stands) as the generic best can also improve. The diagnostic can help focus on finding out few vital factors effecting development of teamwork in a given setting and require improvement.

1.1.2 TARGET AUDIENCE AND DATA COLLECTION. The report shall be of Therapy Involving an Alcoholic Essay interest for Academicians, Leaders, managers and team members and other stake holders who understand high value and potential of human resource (HR), with teamwork attributes, in software performance outcome of any organization. The study seeks to explore avenues for improvement based on employee perception. Problem is likely to be encountered in data collection as managers may disallow survey that may in anyway effect reputation and of anabolic prestige of organization. Confidentiality and reputation of student undertaking study or OD specialists applying diagnostic is crucial for generic grant of of reaction area access to administer test. Leadership with high self esteem and self confidence shall not hesitate in exploring effectiveness of the tool and shall try to accrue benefit from it. Here we shall immediately see the difference in approach of a manager and a leader. 1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT. Many organizations are functioning in routine manner but the energy or spark has been lost while others are constantly exploring new methods to software improve.

The excitement of challenges and uncertainty has been replaced by bureaucratic entangle and passing the buck. Initiatives are non-starter due to vested interests and status quos is the order of the day. Rates Surface Area? The zeal while creating the organization has gone missing and the huge loss is unnoticed. Software? For organizations to become live again from Women Essays robotic movements there is software, a need to infuse energy of team spirit. Leaders and professionals hold an theme, array of generic divergent views about external challenges but ignore the problem within; importance of involved and aligned manpower.

1.3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES. This research report will examine the ‘teamwork’ concept to gain improved understanding of cause and effect. The leadership role will also be reviewed, as leader is responsible to create the right environment. Based on the study, a framework shall be developed to examine employee’s perceptions about key areas effecting leadership and teamwork. While examining the selected areas in reasonable depth, the the red convertible framework shall briefly touch upon other HR areas, which could impact teamwork including recruitment and selection, training and development, reward and compensation etc. This study focuses on Leadership and Teamwork and software might ignore some external factors that affect development of of anabolic enabling environment. Generic? Future study may improve upon the framework as usage can bring out additional points. The research is quantitative. Examples Of Anabolic Steroids? Qualitative research is carried out to generic collect data on factors that impact teamwork.

Other factors that affect organizations working are also included as these can cast effect on Essays, working of organization. The research has been made as quantitative by collecting employee perception on software, the issues in the selected organization. The ease in collecting data through modern surveying and analysis software was not adopted as the forum does not provide sufficient data on a particular organization. This tool cannot be easily applied on broader areas. Traditionally teamwork is realized as a good and desirable attribute but what is hampering and helping develop teamwork is rarely addressed formally in bamboozled film an organization. This research will attempt to develop framework and technique to explore the environment and find out impediments to team climate which shall lead to development and application of remedy. Leadership plays crucial role in setting the generic software tone and determining the Taking Stabs Essay destiny of organization.

A Leader is typically seen as a man with vibrant personality, charisma, stamina, energy, head, heart, and soul and generic what not. Of Reaction? What qualities distinguish leader from common mortals is a subject of interest but literature on subject is often biased as the software success of Stabs leader comes first and research on causes of success follows and attributes and tails get attached to software it. Taking Stabs Essay? An example is an story attributed to Gandhi on generic, about successfully advising a child to change his behavior is attributed to other great leaders before Gandhi (Drea Zigrami and others; ‘The Leader Within, 2005). Brutal dictators try to project soft image. Victors exert influence to paint a favorable picture to help their image in form of biographies or other means. For similar acts and dispositions the winner may be painted as man with strong self-belief, persistence and perseverance while the looser may be termed as stubborn, obstinate and Family Involving an Alcoholic Parent adamant. Generic Software? Jack Welch is highly acclaimed while Rick Wagoner, chairman and CEO, General Motors was shown the door because of results and Women Essays not the generic software leadership qualities. The Red? The later got title of the software worst CEO’s of the year with charges like corporate insensitivity, avarice and callousness and without regards to their past achievements. An objective comparison of the two may be a good research on outcome bias or hindsight bias. Never the Stabs at Babs less hero worshipping and study of leadership shall continue to generic attract attention and Family Involving an Alcoholic only the successful shall be acclaimed. 2.2 UNDERSTANDING LEADER AND LEADERSHIP.

Historically muscles, horse riding skills, sword and marksmanship skills and public speaking skills were essential leadership traits but as more and generic more people start mastering these skills a leader had to examples have more than these to distinguish themselves to command followership and allegiance. Conventional leadership toolkit consists of three categories namely 1) What they are [Be] (such as beliefs and character), ‘ 2) what they [know] (such as job, tasks, and software human nature) and of anabolic steroids 3) what they [Do] (such as implementing, motivating, and generic providing direction). Area? US Army’s Be-Know-Do list is software, placed Appendix ‘A’ and comprehensive links to leadership dimensions are placed as Appendix ‘B’. Many styles of leadership are practiced and work and are listed in literature including Autocratic Leadership, Bureaucratic Leadership, Charismatic Leadership, Democratic Leadership or Participative Leadership, Laissez-Faire Leadership, People-Oriented Leadership or Relations-Oriented Leadership, Servant Leadership, Task-Oriented Leadership, Transactional Leadership and Transformational Leadership. The list is not exhaustive and some other types are also listed which includes Strategic Leadership, Team Leadership, Facilitative Leadership. Leadership Influence Styles include Cross-Cultural Leadership, Coaching, Level 5 Leadership and Servant Leadership etc. Convertible Theme? Situational leadership is about choosing the appropriate leadership style to match situation and generic subordinates skill and Family an Alcoholic Parent commitment level. ‘It makes no difference whether your organization is a corporation, a nonprofit, a school, or an athletic team’: Heroic Leadership is software, crucial (Cohen, 2010). Attributes such as initiative, trust, openness, helpfulness, flexibility and support are ‘ desirable leadership traits, Micheal J Stevens and Essay Micheal A Campion cited (Kinlaw, 1991; Vainey, 1989). 2.2.1 NATURE OR NURTURE. Leadership is nature or nurture is often discussed and while leaders are born (nature) they are also developed (nurtured) as per pre transformational leadership theory. Generic? The Trait Theory explains that some personality traits may propel people gradually into leadership roles.

The Great Events Theory explains that challenging situation or important event may cause an ordinary person to rise to the occasion and respond in such a way that brings out extraordinary leadership qualities and instantaneously propel him to leadership position. And Sports: No Limits! Essays? Transformational or Process Leadership theory applies where people choose to generic become leaders by learning leadership skills. Supportive leadership is essential requirement for teamwork to exist and flourish. Family Involving Parent Essay? In organizational settings, leadership entails aligning and striking balance between organizational interests, followers interests and leaders own interests and have to be based on generic software, solid principles and fairness (Transformational Leadership books.google.com.pk Bernard M. Bass, Ronald E. Riggio ‘ Table 8, page 198). 2.3 LEADER VERSUS MANAGER. While we need managers to maintain order, we need leaders to create future. Dera Zegarmi and others in ‘The Leader Within’ has done synthesis of literature on rates area, the difference between manager and leader (Table 6.1 Page 172) and generic software summarized the difference into Taking Essay three major categories namely self orientation, follower’s orientation and organizations orientation (See Appendix ‘C’). While the manager is too involved in generic software ‘doing the things right’, leader focuses on ‘doing the right things’.

The manager is focusing on improving bottom line while leader has eyes on horizon. Managers like us to be compliant and rob us of the excitement in facing challenges and innovating and experimenting. We surely need managers to run the show but we need leaders to lead the way to carve out and Sports: future. When a person is a manager and also leader then whenever he is trying to influence the behavior of someone he is software, putting on the leadership hat. Leadership has been defined as ‘the act of arousing, engaging, and satisfying the motives of followers’in an Therapy an Alcoholic Parent, environment of generic software conflict, competition, or change’that results in the follower taking a course of action toward a mutually shared vision'(Drea Zigrami et al, 2005-p174). Leadership is not about manipulating or exploiting followers. It cannot be faked. It is not about oration and making a historic speech. At Babs? Such gimmicks can be short-lived and software cannot provide durable and enduring relationship. Even rewards sharing are a single dimensional incentive which cannot be enduring.

As W C H Prentice opined in his article articulates about longevity of such approach. (Understanding Leadership; W C H Prentice, 1964). 2.3.1 PERCEPTION ABOUT LEADER. ‘Human beings are not machines with a single set of push buttons. When their complex responses to love, prestige, independence, achievement and bamboozled film group membership are not recognized on the job, they perform at best as robots who bring far less than their maximum efficiency to the task, and at worst as rebellious slaves who consciously or unconsciously sabotage the activities they are supposed to software be furthering” (ibid). Women And Sports: No Limits!? Conventional managers lack skill or capacity to generic software remove the deep-rooted mistrust between management and employees. Therapy Involving Parent? Perceptions and suspicions are two-way and a serious baggage to carry. While explaining pitfalls of perception W C H Prentice argues that ‘for followers to recognize their leader as he really is may be as difficult for him to understand them completely’ (ibid). 2.4 LEADERSHIP COMPETENCIES AND ITS APPLICATION ON TEAMWORK. ‘Good leaders don’t ask more than their constituents can give, but they often ask’and get’more than their constituents intended to generic software give or thought it was possible to Therapy an Alcoholic Parent give.’ (John W. Gardner, Excellence, 1984). A good leader is aware of the background of mutual suspicion between management and generic software workers and recognizes need of regaining trust and is aware of Essays ways of doing so.

Leader is a promoter of the group’s aims and advocate of the values of the organization and is always exploring for ways of carving out generic better techniques for surface reaching organizational goals efficiently while encouraging and generic supporting others in similar pursuit. ‘Slick use of social or psychological tricks can indeed persuade others to Family Therapy Involving do your bidding, but they are unfit for continuing relationship’ (ibid). Generic? Leader has a task at examples of anabolic steroids, hand. 2.4.1 COMPETENCIES MATRICES. Many organizations are drawing up competency matrices for software the challenging position of leader. The Center for Creative Leadership (CCL) focuses on rates of reaction area, leadership education and software research on competencies essential for leaders and recommends 20 competencies for leaders (Appendix ‘B’).

Leadership competencies are important to exploit organizations HR potentials. CCL leadership competency model is believed to be closely matching to the competencies uncovered by the worthy ‘Hay Group’ study of leadership values in Indian leaders. While organizations are undertaking gap analysis to Essay develop and groom present and future leaders, skeptics are critical of the approach of breaking up of software leadership into unmanageable list of leadership competencies. The main objections of Taking Stabs at Babs Essay skeptics are that in trying to summarize leadership into generic distinct competencies the classic art of leadership loses its anchor as discussed below. 2.4.2 COMPETENCIES MATRICES CRITICIZED. While one can have a list of endless attributes for Involving Parent leader but leadership shall remain an generic software, art and shall not become a science. The auditor like approach is rightly criticized for being overly reductionist: An accountant’s style balance sheet approach is being applied to leadership which is (not mathematics/science, but) human behavior issue. It has been extensively criticized for the red convertible weaknesses in its ability to take into account occupations which are characterized by a ‘high degree of software uncertainty, unpredictability and discretion, and bamboozled film it’s arguable tendency ‘ contrary to the aims of the model on which it is based to atomize work roles rather than represent them holistically’ Richard Bolden and Jonathan Gasling (2004) cited (Lester, 1994). The main argument of the skeptics to software this approach is that in trying to split the leadership role into constituent elements, it is bamboozled film, losing the generic big picture of the integrated whole.

It is articulated that standards tend to fragment the leaders role into Therapy Essay its elements rather than representing it as a unique whole with overlapping effects of components not as tangible as being presented. While this simplification is software, indeed the bamboozled film main beauty of the competency approach, the representation is generic software, not close to an Alcoholic Essay representing leader’s real time situation cited ibid, (Lester, 1994; Grugulis, 1997). 2.4.3 SIZE OF ORGANIZATION. Another objection pertains to the failure to distinguish between size of organization or position in the organization, or the variation in software situations etc. ‘Standards are criticized for being overly universalistic’. A quote from the Management Standards Centre ‘whatever the size of your organization, you will find the standards have been written to meet your needs’ (MSC website, 2003), All issues individually seems OK but ‘manner in which standards may actually reinforce rather than challenge traditional ways of thinking about management or leadership’ cited ibid (Lester, 1994) is a cause of concern. The approach seems to be unpractical and is correlated as ‘driving using the rear view mirror’ cited ibid (Cullen, 1992).

Little discretion or flexibility is theme, available to adopt and adjust according to subtle differences in situations, individuals, impact of new technologies and globalization etc. The standards excessive focus on observable behaviors and generic software indicators ‘to the exclusion of the red convertible theme less overt aspects such as values, beliefs and relationships’ could be counterproductive and become a cause of discord, cited ibid (Bell et al., 2002). The warmth of relationships and spirit de corps, the common cause seems to be put on back burner. 2.4.4 FUTURE OF COMPETENCY MATRICES. The approach may one day combine emotional intelligence with artificial intelligence or other leadership models to software improve current work to doable dimensions.

A compassionate and relationship based approach is considered more appropriate to unify team members from danger of falling into a bureaucratic tangle presently. The aim of this study is not to accept or reject the competency models but to search for a model that brings out the best in a team. Taking Stabs At Babs? Ideas of teamwork, synergy and continuous improvements cannot flourish under environment of suspicion and generic mistrust. Theme? Leadership must play a role to software improve organizational climate and trust and communication is important in this regards. The authority vested with leader is Stabs, most potent when it is generic software, not used and there is Women and Sports: Essays, no obvious threat or intent of using the authority.

The workforce and management have to be on the same page to make a winning time. ‘A leader knows thyself’. As leader, we need to appreciate that our values, beliefs, and personality are driving our success — or our failure and we need to lead in ways that reflect our own values and personality and generic software we do not have to put an act. We act relaxed and Women and Sports: natural when and connect comfortably in software group settings as well as one-to-one contexts. We discover and liberate personal qualities and energies we never knew we had. We can generate team’s spirit and build stronger, more effective, more joyful organizations by liberating the leader inside us and not emulating someone or his set of rules. Only after knowing our inner self we can learn to truly know others and to be leader one has to know followers. 2.5 LEADER’S AWARENESS OF FOLLOWERS. ‘Leaders must know their followers well enough to coalesce the examples followers motives toward a common outcome. This cannot be done for any length of time, unless the follower is generic, offered an opportunity to and Sports: engage in value based activities.

In other words the values and believes of those you wish to influence must be understood, verbalized, and coupled with organizations social purpose’ (Dera Zigrami; The Leader Within, 2005-p 174). Generic Software? What few crucial competencies or approach should leader have remains an important question needing answer. 2.6 ATTRIBUTES OF LEADER. Heroic Leadership, Leading with integrity and examples of anabolic steroids honor (William A Cohen, 2010) presents eight principles of leadership, 1) Maintain absolute integrity, 2) Know your stuff, 3) Declare your expectations, 4) Show uncommon commitment, 5) Expect positive results, 6) Take care of generic software your people, 7) Put duty before self and 8) Get out in an Alcoholic Essay front. The author with tilt towards military leadership does present a set of generic traits equally applicable to corporate sector. In the ‘The Leadership Challenge’, 4th Edition, (James M. Kouzes, 2010) has articulated the the red historically proven and still valid five practices of exemplary leadership namely 1). Model the way; dealing with leading by example, 2) Inspire a shared vision; involving everyone 3). Challenge the process; innovating and exploring 4) Enable others to act; empowerment and involvement 5). Encourage the heart; celebrating and rewarding. 2.7 OUTCOME OF LEADERSHIP. The leader’s unique legacy is the creation of valued institutions that survive over time.

The most significant contribution leaders make is generic software, not simply to today’s bottom line; it is to the long-term development of people and institutions so they can adapt, change, prosper and Women Essays grow. et al. The integrity or credibility of leader is the sole basis on which people are ready to be led voluntarily. Software? Credibility is not measureable and until proven guilty leaders integrity cannot be questioned. Subordinates perception about leader’s integrity is crucial and of anabolic steroids often it is also correct so those who fake can do so for little while. Injustice has adverse effect on employee’s perception about organizational justice especially if the software outcome has adverse effect on Therapy Involving an Alcoholic Parent, individual (Brockner and generic wiesenfield, 1996).

When organization treats leader with injustice it gets noticed by rates of reaction surface, employees more so in cases where high quality relationship existed between leaders and followers (Cole and Scott, 1998). Software? Organizations dealing with leader fairly and leaders dealing with followers appropriately thus form important prerequisite for effective leadership. Convertible Theme? People want to be guided by those with integrity and a clear sense of direction. Generic Software? Leader must possess a clear sense of direction and articulate a strong vision of the bamboozled film future. A person who fakes commitment to generic software values may look good and the red theme get promoted but cannot inspire others. Self-serving leaders are less effective because their subordinates only generic software obey them, and they do not follow them. But as the Hawthorne experiments confirmed, perception of Taking Stabs Essay genuine concern about workforce shall move team’s productivity graph in only one direction even when management takes opposite actions. 2.8 INTEGRITY OF MANAGERS. Integrity of generic managers is surface, important to generic determine but is a tough ask as it is easy to and Sports: Essays wear integrity on sleeve through deception. (Robert B. Kaiser and Robert Hogan, 2010) in research, ‘HOW TO (AND HOW NOT TO) ASSESS THE INTEGRITY OF MANAGERS’ also emphasizes integrity as a leadership competency for managers and cites previous research showing that subordinates performance gets affected due to low integrity of managers. Deceitful behavior of managers of software Enron and Tyco in bamboozled film 2001was cited as cause of demise of firm but the discovery after the generic fact is of less value and there is need to Women No Limits! Essays preempt such events.

The research found that subordinates may not express their true reservations about integrity of managers while we know that their perception degrades their performance as already discussed. The low performing managers scored well on integrity issues along with high performing managers. The researchers then devised an alternative method and inquired on subordinate expectations about the likelihood that their boss could behave unethically responded differently. This method suggested that a much larger segment of subordinates perceive their managers to be having integrity issues and this had correlation with low-performing managers. The manager with integrity is better placed to get results from team members by learning about team dynamics. Software? Simply stated teamwork is about splitting task into constituents and hiring individuals to bamboozled film undertake individual constituents for generic the task to be completed with leader undertaking function of coordination and control. Studies reveal those effective and efficient teams are rare and minor problems can cause dysfunction to teamwork. Leaders play an convertible, important role in the establishment of a teamwork. The leadership role is comprehensive and apart from generic creating a vision and engaging employees, leaders have to ensure that systems are effectively implemented and opportunities are created for employees to actively get involved and deliver. Leaders need to set a positive example and encourage teamwork by rewarding enabling behavior..

Common goal is Family Involving Essay, best achieved when individual contributions are synchronized. Delivery of a letter by post-office involves separate actions by various players like acquiring postage stamps, dropping and software collection from letterbox, sorting, dispatch to destinations and delivery. The actions are undertaken by individuals separately but failure of one component effects outcome while individual is not dependent on support of others in accomplishing individual role or task. While a surgeon is undertaking a complex surgery or a manufacturing plant is making a complex part, underperformance of one casts effect on effectiveness of Essay others. The interdependence augments need of generic teamwork which requires understanding how my part of Essay job effects the person and the ultimate goal. Individuals have to look beyond their unique activities and understand the generic software bigger picture for of anabolic organizational effectiveness. Team and teamwork is software, no panacea for all ills.

Teamwork is theme, no guarantee for success and software ‘social scientists have found it much easier to Women and Sports: prove process losses rather than synergy gains due to teamwork’ and limits its size to 20 with smaller the better. (Teamwork’ By C. H. Antoni, ABO-Psychologie, Fachbereich I) Cooperation, coordination, and software satisfied employees are essential teamwork requirements, including some conditions given as Appendix ‘E’. ‘ 3.1.1 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF TEAMWORK. While autonomy or participation in decision making has long been discussed from of reaction surface area a motivational perspective’ only software its more useful benefits include ‘advantages of the red convertible shared mental model and broader input base’ at the time of planning. The Pfeiffer Book of Successful Team-Building Tools: Best of the generic software Annuals by Taking Stabs Essay, Elaine and http://www.scribd.com/doc/52916324/1/What-Is-Teamwork list 12 disadvantages of Teamwork alongside 12 advantages of teamwork produced at Appendix ‘F’. The list depicts how complexity increases due to increased need of generic software coordination, communication and cooperation. Advantages occur due to more brains and physical resources. To make Team successful, environment may be made conducive to exploit the bamboozled film advantages and safeguards be erected against software disadvantages. This shall require individual members to Taking Essay be trained looking forward to contribute towards group objectives. Intrinsically satisfied employees can think and act in this direction and managements must focus on having satisfied employees. 3.1.2 COMPETENCIES FOR TEAMWORK. Literature is software, littered with competencies required for teamwork as well as Leadership .Like Be-Know-Do model for leadership (App ‘A’), a Think-Do-Feel model is presented by J A Canon-Bowers and E Salas (2010) reflecting ‘what team members’ Think-Do-Feel. The competencies required are broken down into Knowledge, Skills and Attitude or KSA.

While discussing leadership competencies and Hay groups 75 or CCL’s 20 leadership competencies we cited critics questioning the wisdom of breaking down into constituents as overly simplistic. As leadership is part of teamwork, 130 competencies list are drawn for effective teamwork, and divided these into 8 skill dimensions including adaptability, shared situational awareness, interpersonal skills, and communication skills, citing Cannon-Bowers (1995) in Team Effectiveness and Competencies (2010). 3.1.2.1 KNOWLEDGE, SKILL AND ABILITIES FOR TEAMWORK. Attitude of of anabolic steroids members and generic software leader is important for teamwork. Bamboozled Film? Winston Churchill said ‘Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference’.

Mutual respect and trust creates cohesion which is important for Teamwork. Skills required for team members may broadly be integrated into three categories namely 1) Job specific KSAs; beyond scope of this study, 2) Team Interpersonal KSAs which include conflict management KSAs, Collaborative problem solving KSAs and Communication KSAs 3) Self Management KSAs which include Goal setting and generic software Performance Management KSAs and Planning and Task Coordination KSAs. People bring individual needs, requirements and convertible theme aspirations to generic software an organization where the leader helps individuals in their pursuits and align these with organizational objectives. Some characteristic like interpersonal skills play crucial role in team development and bamboozled film team functioning. When people join to accomplish common goals team is generic software, formed. Congenial interpersonal relations foster in effective teams where member are freed from problem of having to deal with complicated conflict and process issues ibid cited (Hackman and Morris, 1975, Lawler 1986; Sears 1989-p506). These also lead to active, willing and Taking Stabs at Babs Essay productive participation on generic, the part of all team members.

In the the red convertible theme team environment, interpersonal demands are much greater than in individual based environment, Lawler, (1986). 3.1.3 CONFLICT IN TEAMWORK. Team effectiveness depends upon ability of individual members to successfully manage interpersonal relations with one another Perkins and Abramis, (1990-p506). Interpersonal relation strikes balance between destructive conflict or extremely warm relations, both prohibiting objective communication ibid cited (hackman and Oldham, (1980 P 199). Interpersonal skills do not evade or ignore conflicts. Skills are required to reach optimum solution from software divergent views emerging during day to Family an Alcoholic Parent Essay day functioning. Realization that conflict is important for improvement is well recognized yet not extensively practiced.

The ability to effectively manage and resolve conflicts has been recognized by software, many authors as an important interpersonal attribute for team members, Micheal J Stevens and Micheal A Campion cites (Gladstien, 1984; and many more Page 507). Early organizational thinkers felt all conflicts was negative ibid cite Derr (1972) and saw it as managements failure to streamline processes and went about improving job descriptions and procedures. The Red Theme? ‘Conflict is essential ingredient of teamwork’. It leads to generic improvements. Micheal J Stevens and Micheal A Campion cited Mcgregor (1960) who suggested that conflict is something more effective teams welcome. Ignoring or avoiding confronting conflict to of reaction project false sense of harmony contributes to unease, frustration and stress. Positive effects from conflicts include airing opinions and dissatisfactions, reducing stress, fostering innovations and stabilizing relationships by generic, removing discord. Feedbacks must always be given and accepted objectively and positively and timely information sharing must be ensured. Conflicts can have negative as well as positive outcome, depending upon its nature and amount and Essays how it is addressed ibid cites Gersick and Davis-Sacks (1990). Members must contribute in generic creating environment of trust, appreciating differences and Family Therapy conflicts as legitimate and natural occurrence and encourage dialogue and seek to explore reaching best solution from organizational perspective.

Individual team members must see conflict as a natural and positive outcome and generic encourage positive conflict and discourage negative conflict. Sources of conflict include simple misunderstanding or miscommunication, structural or situational factors, incompatible performance goals or rewards, requirements of convertible joint decision making, differences in values, orientations, or objectives, or physical design of workplace area ibid cites Thomas (1977). Understanding of differences is necessary to apply correct remedy. Conflict originating from misunderstanding and miscommunication requires questioning and listening techniques while conflict arising due to members feeling of discrimination due to distasteful task can be resolved through rotating task assignment schedule (Deutsch et al, 1973-p 508). 3.1.4 DECISIONMAKING IN TEAMWORK.

Similarly joint decision making has roots in differences between member’s objectives, needs and perceptions. There must be tolerance to allow members to express feelings and ideas. Before decision making, it should be ensured that everyone participates, including the generic passive ones. ‘Leadership must show that speaking up is not just safe but mandatory.’ People do not speak because they think it is waste of convertible theme time. They think decision has been made and meetings are a show. It is not suggested that all decisions have to undergo same process of deliberations.

Decisions could be made on the run but then in generic meetings we brief how decision was reached and examine pros and cons of the decision instead of faking a discussion to of anabolic ratify decision. The importance of hearing critical information must be reiterated over software, and over of anabolic steroids, again to generic remove misconceptions and Taking at Babs misperceptions. Warren Bennis, Daniel Goleman and James O’Toole ‘Transparency: How Leaders Create a Culture of Candor’. Software? Individuals shall be biased towards solutions that serve their respective goals better than the organizational goals and they have to acquire skills of examples steroids Collaborative Problem Solving Skills Team members require skills to ‘plan, design and generic software execute a project or task’ with shared objectives. They need to understand that plans rarely work as envisaged and they must also plan to examples steroids seek feedbacks to generic software test and revise plans while implementing and at Babs adhering to ‘agreed quality standards and specifications’. Software? Members require ability to ‘select and use appropriate tools and technology’ and quickly ‘adapt to bamboozled film changing requirements and information’. Software? This requires continuous monitoring the progress of project or task and identifying ways to improve. Family Therapy Involving Parent Essay? Encouraging participation and feeling good about participation increases employee buy-in. Besides professional job skills members need to develop Thinking and problem solving skills to generic aptly ‘assess situations and identify problems’ and Women and Sports: No Limits! elicit different points of view and undertake fact based unbiased analysis. This requires skills to software distinguish and Women and Sports: differentiate between ‘human, interpersonal, technical, scientific and mathematical dimensions of problem’ and ‘identifying its root cause’. Identifying actual root cause and not symptoms require deep pondering and devising solution may require out of box thinking along with use of conventional tools.

To examine, observe and ‘share knowledge, solve problems’ and select probable options or solutions. Finally decide in favor of most feasible option by progressively rejecting other options and implementing the selected option and seeking continual improvements. 3.2 COMMUNICATION OBSTACLES IN TEAMWORK. All these appear good in books and lectures but in real time there are barriers to generic software open and frank exchange of views. There are coalitions, sub-teams lobbying for favorable decisions and objectivity is compromised. Family Essay? The situation calls for special Team Communication Skills where issue is debated on generic software, merits. A strange phenomenon is rates of reaction area, said to software exist that ‘higher the leaders rise, the less honest feedback they get from followers about their leadership, due to this group think of limiting information. Warren Bennis, Daniel Goleman and James O’Toole (2008); Transparency: How Leaders Create a Culture of Candor.

Bottom up communication is like moving against gravity and a high power motor of bamboozled film trust and support is required to encourage flow of information upwards. Pre-requisite of correct decision making is smooth upwards flow of generic information. Rates Area? Lack of candor can be very disastrous. The book recalls the software ill-fated Challenger which exploded in mid-air in 1987. NASA did not learn its lesson: In 2003, the events were recreated in Family Therapy Parent shape of the Columbia shuttle disaster. The authors lament NASA’s organizational culture where engineers were afraid to raise safety concerns with managers who were obsessed about meeting flight schedules. The book is emphasizing on need to nurturing the culture of generic candor. 3.3 MEDIA AGE AND ITS IMPACT ON TEAMWORK. Transparency is enhanced when an the red convertible, organization’s leaders are committed to it.

Actually, the software authors cited a sobering fact: ‘Even when leaders resist it, transparency is of anabolic, inescapable in the digital age.’ Google has it impossible for generic any candidate to deny past actions or statements. YouTube has changed America’s political discourse. In this idea-packed book, leaders and managers will have a roadmap toward transparency’or culture of candor. They speak of three elements to achieve this: Transparency, trust, and speaking truth to an Alcoholic Essay power. ‘Speaking truth to power’ is software, a new phrase in our leadership vocabulary. It means speaking the truth to your superior even if he is ‘ to Women and Sports: No Limits! Essays shoot the messenger’meaning, you. Communication hinges upon mutual trust between team members. Generic? Communication plays crucial role in team effectiveness and lack of communication appears as a frequently emerging factor contributing to deviation and non-compliance. Team communication skills are built on basic communication skills like ability to ‘read and understand information presented’. Importance of listening is steroids, often lost and seniors find it appropriate to be reading while listening to software a reportee. Not only this is discourteous but it discourages the speaker and listener also looses in grasping content and intentions. Interactive two way communication with active listening increases communication effectiveness.

Active listening includes attention to non-verbal communication and helps in grasping the intent and Stabs at Babs intensity of situation along with content. Ability to gain attention of team members, by undertaking coordinated speaking and writing, while asking questions and listening to software answers and appreciating unexpected and opposing points of view of others is important. Encouraging silent members to participate can be achieved by the red, seeking to software hear about agreements or expression of their reservations. This requires intelligent handling of situation and and Sports: No Limits! it is important to generic see that members are not embarrassed while seeking their involvement. People do not openly oppose popular views and Women and Sports: privately share their disagreements with selected course of action. 3.4 MUTUAL TRUST AND ITS IMPACT ON TEAMWORK. Team Formation and software Functioning hinges and Therapy an Alcoholic Essay sustains on software, trusting. The Red Theme? For team members to trust in the team, they must feel that (a) the team is competent enough to generic accomplish their task and (b) that the team will not harm the individual or his or her interests (Daniel R. Ilgen, John R. Hollenbeck, Michael Johnson and Dustin Jundt, 2005).

Team formation often follows the sequence of bamboozled film storming, norming and generic software performing. A team is Women and Sports: Essays, made up of individuals who have required professional skills to undertake variety of jobs to be undertaken like in a surgery procedure we have surgeon, anesthetist, nurses and software etc who all contribute to effective and efficient outcome. While individual responsibilities vary, every member is committed to contribute to group goal of successful procedure and is willing to support and help each other. The group may have a leader appointed or mutually selected who coordinates and Taking Stabs Essay leads as required. There is enabling culture where members openly discuss ideas and express their views in a positive and generic software supportive manner.

This includes expressing disagreements and ability to resolve conflicts in Women and Sports: Essays constructive fashion. Everyone actively participates in decision making process by giving their inputs and carefully listening to inputs of others. The team critically reviews and monitors its performance and explores new avenues for improvements to continually learn and improve. Members do not hesitate to challenge or question each other’s actions in generic pursuit of team goals maintaining positivity, (http://www.kent.ac.uk/careers/sk/leadership.htm). 3.5 INDICATORS OF DYSFUNCTIONAL TEAMTEAMWORK. Indicators and symptoms of dysfunctional team must be known to team leaders and members so that they can apply remedy and treat the team. Some common symptoms include every member not participating and of anabolic few members dominating agenda leading others to withdraw into oblivion or silence. Software? Member’s participation gets reduced and surface only few people contribute ideas because attention is not given to all members.

Majority passively participates and do not contribute and software could be ‘indifferent, bored or afraid to contribute’. Theme? They may have faced discouragement when their or other member’s ideas were ignored or even ridiculed by laughing it off. Software? Seniors fail to protect minority view to Women encouraging and appreciating the value of the idea. Members lack the skills to software constructively resolve difference of opinion through objective analysis and end up personalizing differences. Ideas may not get be accepted or rejected on merit or those whose ideas get rejected often may get feeling of failure. Members may fake consensus and privately complain about decisions and rates surface actions. Generic Software? Instead of undertaking thorough examination of pros and cons of alternative options, voting may be done to reach decisions, leaving members discontented and uncommitted. Deadlines may get flouted and members focus about their tasks, roles and goals get blurred everyone feeling helpless and members evade discussing how the Therapy an Alcoholic Parent Essay groups working can be improved. To be able to treat such teams we need to develop Understanding of root causes of generic Dysfunctions of Team. The issue is explained nicely in of reaction area fable; five dysfunctions of a team, where problem stems from lack of trust among team members.

When team members have hidden agenda and prefer individual goals over team goals they find it difficult to openly discuss their own difficulties, mistakes and weaknesses and are busy justifying their actions and contributions. This defensive framework makes it impossible to built trust which leads to generic second dysfunction which is fear of conflict. The fear of conflict prohibits members from of anabolic steroids getting into meaningful and passionate discussion over differences and presenting new and meetings and discussions produce little outcome. Avoidance of conflict gives birth to third dysfunction: lack of commitment. Generic? When decision making, performance review etc are conducted with fear of conflict and members do not participate openly, they intrinsically do not buy-in to the decisions on team goals and bamboozled film focus on individual goal.

This lack of commitment to team goal lead to fourth dysfunction: avoidance of accountability. When team is not passionately committed to generic software organizational goal or to a clear action plan it lacks the ability of thorough introspection and specially it lacks the ability to examine behaviors and rates of reaction area actions of peers. Only through strong commitment can one get rid of avoidance of accountability by thrashing all avenues including challenging peers disregarding fears of conflict. The avoidance of accountability leads to fifth dysfunction: Inattention to results. Team members forge their departments, divisions or personal agenda and while pretending to participate in deliberations they remain reserved and generic committed to rates surface their personal goals. Generic Software? From planning to Women and Sports: No Limits! execution stage individual goals get undeclared preference and key parameters for generic organizational goals get obscured. The five dysfunctions can be avoided when team goals have clear preference over individual goals and bamboozled film members trust each other. Software? They shun fear of conflict and communicate objectively exploring all options to before committing to the appropriate one.

Decisions made after such deliberations are accepted whole heartedly by Stabs Essay, members and they hold each other accountable to deliver against the promises made. Software? The members focus on achieving group goals over sub-groups goals and bamboozled film keep monitoring results/outcomes. An understanding of teams functioning and dysfunction can help in generic diagnosing problems and improving team efficiency and effectiveness. Leaders play an important role in the establishment of a safety culture. The leadership role is comprehensive and the red convertible apart from generic creating a vision and engaging employees, leaders have to ensure that systems are effectively implemented and opportunities created for employees to actively participate. Leaders need to rates area set a positive example and not engage in software behaviour that may deteriorate trust and adversely affect their credibility. DIOGNOSTIC TOOL FRAMEWORK. Teamwork is not limited to domain of particular school like HRM or SHRM. Team is formed when at least two (or) at least three people join hands for a purpose.

The union brings into Stabs at Babs interaction a number of sciences, approaches and theories into generic play including followings. (http://web.mit.edu/16.459/www/Salas.pdf): ‘Social psychological approach’: ‘Human resource approach’: ‘Coalition forming approach’: ‘Functional (taxonomic) or task-oriented approach’: Teamwork being multi-school specialty and applying universal principles or rules is difficult. Inhibitions and perceptions shall impact effectiveness but diagnosing and treating problem is complex in the absence of surface agreement on fundamentals including shared goals and mutual trust. The scope is limited to generic software perception of Family Involving Parent Essay team members on fundamentals, essentials, and as many desirables as appropriate. Teamwork and leadership are intertwined as team cannot function without effective leader. Software? Members find it hard to steroids express feelings about leader but how they feel about leader impacts their contribution to team. ‘ Trust is paramount between leader to members, members to leader, and software members to members. ‘ Individual’s goals must be aligned to Team goals and every individual must value team goals over individual goals. ‘ Core values are important and leader must be reiterating core values and reward should be value based. ‘ Team members are interdependent in convertible theme achievement of team goals as well as their personal goals.

‘ Self esteem and inner feelings and software perception about leader are important. Team members feeling good being in team and desire to remain part of team. ‘ Comprehensive review of Family Therapy an Alcoholic Parent Essay functions and dysfunctions can help evaluate a team’s effectiveness. ‘ Degree of involvement and generic participation during reviews, meetings through communication, conflict resolution with focus on vitals and goals. ‘ Team skills to built enabling environment to improve team functioning. ‘ Goals and roles clarity. ‘ Communication and information flow. ‘ Team skills to built enabling environment to improve team functioning.

‘ Innovation and creativity. ‘ Equity in Reward and Compensation. ‘ Training and Development. RESULT: DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENT TESTING. 5.1 INTRODUCTION: The sample from the the red theme selected organization who responded are given below: S. No Deptt Name Total Respondents Total Employees Sample. 1 Operations 11 218 5.05. 2 Cargo 10 212 4.72. 3 Ramp 8 194 4.12.

4 Admin 4 83 4.82. 5 Accounts 5 59 8.47. TOTAL 40 770 5.19. FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION TABLE: PART I. Q. No Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total. 1 6 17 4 9 2 38. 2 3 18 6 8 3 38.

3 4 21 8 4 1 38. 4 8 24 6 1 0 39. 5 12 24 2 0 0 38. 6 14 20 2 2 0 38. 7 4 17 13 1 1 36. 8 6 21 4 3 3 37. 9 4 10 10 6 5 35. 10 1 11 7 7 9 35. 11 3 11 9 5 7 35. 12 8 20 6 0 1 35. 13 4 18 4 5 4 35.

14 1 6 20 4 1 32. Leadership Questions: Part II. Q. No Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total. 1 2 22 5 5 2 36. 2 2 10 11 6 0 29. 3 4 22 6 2 1 35. 4 4 19 10 2 0 35. 5 2 16 11 4 1 34. 6 7 15 8 4 1 35.

7 3 14 9 5 2 33. 9 1 14 8 6 1 30. 10 2 15 5 5 2 29. 11 8 6 3 7 7 31. 12 4 16 5 5 1 31. Part III: Teamwork. Q. No Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total. 1 15 14 4 4 0 37. 2 7 20 7 3 0 37.

3 9 20 7 2 0 38. 4 3 17 11 6 0 37. 5 1 17 12 6 1 37. 6 1 15 13 5 2 36. 7 9 8 13 3 2 35. 8 9 18 6 1 1 35. 9 9 15 10 2 0 36. 10 7 18 5 6 0 36. 11 5 21 6 3 2 37. 12 12 21 2 2 0 37.

13 5 13 11 6 1 36. 14 9 17 8 2 0 36. 15 4 3 6 14 10 37. 16 1 15 10 10 0 36. 17 8 12 5 10 0 35. PART I (experience and response. AGE Question SA A N DA SDA. 0-5 YEARS 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 1 0 2 0 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 1 0 3 0 2 1 6.

16-20 YEARS 1 1 3 0 0 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 1 4 5 3 6 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 2 0 2 1 1 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 2 0 1 1 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 2 1 3 1 1 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 2 1 2 0 1 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 2 1 9 3 4 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 3 0 2 2 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 3 0 2 0 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 3 0 4 1 1 0 6.

16-20 YEARS 3 0 4 1 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 3 4 8 3 3 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 4 1 3 2 0 0 6 39. 6-10 YEARS 4 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 4 1 4 0 1 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 4 1 5 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 4 5 9 4 0 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 5 1 3 0 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 5 0 2 0 0 0 2.

11-15 YEARS 5 1 5 0 0 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 5 3 3 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 5 7 9 2 0 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 6 1 2 1 0 0 4 37. 6-10 YEARS 6 1 1 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 6 3 2 0 1 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 6 3 3 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 6 6 11 0 1 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 7 1 3 0 0 0 4 34. 6-10 YEARS 7 0 0 2 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 7 0 4 2 0 0 6.

16-20 YEARS 7 1 2 3 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 7 2 7 5 1 1 16. 0-5 YEARS 8 0 4 0 0 0 4 35. 6-10 YEARS 8 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 8 0 3 1 0 1 5. 16-20 YEARS 8 0 4 0 1 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 8 6 7 2 2 1 18.

0-5 YEARS 9 0 1 1 0 0 2 33. 6-10 YEARS 9 0 1 1 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 9 1 2 2 0 1 6. 16-20 YEARS 9 2 2 1 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 9 1 4 4 4 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 10 0 1 1 0 1 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 10 0 2 0 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 10 0 1 2 0 3 6. 16-20 YEARS 10 1 1 1 3 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 10 0 6 3 3 4 16. 0-5 YEARS 11 0 2 1 0 0 3 34.

6-10 YEARS 11 0 2 0 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 11 0 2 2 1 1 6. 16-20 YEARS 11 1 0 1 1 3 6. 21-265 YEARS 11 2 4 5 2 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 12 0 2 1 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 12 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 12 1 5 0 0 0 6.

16-20 YEARS 12 3 2 1 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 12 4 8 3 0 1 16. 0-5 YEARS 13 0 2 1 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 13 0 2 0 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 13 1 2 1 2 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 13 0 4 1 0 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 13 3 8 1 1 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 14 0 1 2 0 0 3 31. 6-10 YEARS 14 0 0 2 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 14 0 1 3 1 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 14 0 2 4 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 14 1 1 9 3 1 15. PART II (experience and response) AGE Question SA A N DA SDA. 0-5 YEARS 1 1 1 2 0 0 4 34. 6-10 YEARS 1 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 1 0 3 0 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 1 0 3 0 1 1 5.

21-265 YEARS 1 1 11 2 2 1 17. 0-5 YEARS 2 0 3 0 0 0 3 27. 6-10 YEARS 2 0 1 1 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 2 0 0 2 3 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 2 0 1 2 1 0 4. 21-265 YEARS 2 2 6 3 2 0 13. 0-5 YEARS 3 0 4 0 0 0 4 33. 6-10 YEARS 3 0 2 0 1 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 3 0 5 0 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 3 1 2 0 1 0 4. 21-265 YEARS 3 3 8 5 0 1 17. 0-5 YEARS 4 0 2 1 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 4 0 1 1 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 4 1 1 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 4 1 2 1 1 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 4 2 12 3 0 0 17. 0-5 YEARS 5 0 2 1 0 0 3 32. 6-10 YEARS 5 0 2 0 1 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 5 0 2 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 5 2 1 1 1 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 5 0 7 6 2 1 16. 0-5 YEARS 6 0 3 0 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 6 0 1 1 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 6 0 2 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 6 2 2 0 1 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 6 4 6 4 2 1 17. 0-5 YEARS 7 0 2 1 0 0 3 31. 6-10 YEARS 7 1 0 0 1 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 7 0 0 1 4 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 7 1 2 2 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 7 1 8 5 0 2 16. 0-5 YEARS 8 0 3 0 0 0 3 32. 6-10 YEARS 8 0 2 0 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 8 0 0 1 2 2 5. 16-20 YEARS 8 0 2 0 2 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 8 5 1 3 4 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 9 0 2 0 1 0 3 29.

6-10 YEARS 9 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 9 0 0 2 3 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 9 0 2 3 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 9 1 6 3 2 1 13. 0-5 YEARS 10 0 1 0 1 0 2 28. 6-10 YEARS 10 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 10 0 0 2 3 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 10 0 3 1 0 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 10 2 7 2 1 1 13. 0-5 YEARS 11 1 1 0 0 0 2 30.

6-10 YEARS 11 0 1 1 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 11 0 1 1 1 2 5. 16-20 YEARS 11 1 1 0 2 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 11 5 2 1 4 3 15. 0-5 YEARS 12 0 2 0 0 0 2 30. 6-10 YEARS 12 1 1 0 1 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 12 0 3 0 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 12 0 3 0 1 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 12 3 8 3 0 1 15. PART III (experience and response) AGE Question SA A N DA SDA. 0-5 YEARS 1 0 3 0 0 0 3 35.

6-10 YEARS 1 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 1 5 0 0 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 1 3 3 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 1 7 3 4 4 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 2 0 1 2 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 2 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 2 2 2 1 0 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 2 1 5 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 2 4 7 4 3 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 3 1 3 0 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 3 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 3 2 2 1 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 3 2 4 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 3 4 7 5 2 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 4 0 0 2 1 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 4 0 3 0 0 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 4 0 3 1 1 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 4 0 3 2 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 4 2 8 6 2 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 5 0 2 1 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 5 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 5 0 2 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 5 0 3 1 2 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 5 0 8 6 3 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 6 0 1 2 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 6 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 6 1 3 1 0 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 6 0 1 2 1 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 6 0 7 7 3 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 7 0 0 3 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 7 0 1 0 1 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 7 2 0 2 0 0 4. 16-20 YEARS 7 2 1 3 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 7 5 5 5 1 2 18. 0-5 YEARS 8 0 2 1 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 8 0 3 0 0 0 3.

11-15 YEARS 8 1 3 0 0 0 4. 16-20 YEARS 8 1 4 0 0 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 8 7 6 5 0 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 9 0 1 2 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 9 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 9 0 2 1 1 0 4. 16-20 YEARS 9 1 2 3 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 9 6 7 4 1 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 10 2 1 1 0 0 4 34. 6-10 YEARS 10 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 10 1 3 0 0 0 4.

16-20 YEARS 10 1 4 0 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 10 3 7 3 5 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 11 0 3 0 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 11 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 11 0 4 0 0 1 5. 16-20 YEARS 11 1 5 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 11 4 6 5 2 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 12 0 2 1 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 12 1 2 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 12 1 4 0 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 12 3 3 0 0 0 6.

21-265 YEARS 12 7 8 1 2 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 13 0 1 2 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 13 0 1 1 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 13 1 1 1 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 13 2 2 2 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 13 2 7 5 3 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 14 0 3 0 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 14 0 1 1 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 14 2 2 1 0 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 14 1 3 1 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 14 6 8 3 1 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 15 0 0 1 1 1 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 15 0 0 0 3 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 15 1 1 0 1 2 5. 16-20 YEARS 15 2 1 0 2 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 15 1 1 4 6 6 18. 0-5 YEARS 16 0 0 1 1 0 2 33.

6-10 YEARS 16 0 1 2 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 16 0 2 1 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 16 1 3 1 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 16 0 9 4 5 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 17 0 0 1 1 0 2 33. 6-10 YEARS 17 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 17 2 1 2 0 0 5.

16-20 YEARS 17 2 2 0 2 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 17 4 6 4 4 0 18. RESULT: ANALYSIS OF RESULT. Doing Great or just ordinary (Organization) RESEARCH METHODOLOGY DESIGN EXECUTION. Teamwork appeared to be a novel idea and it was expected that flocks of interested parties would be eager to generic benefit from the study. What appeared to be a great idea soon hit a difficulty. Teamwork cannot be examined in isolation as leadership is Taking Essay, integral part of the episode.

Leadership cannot be tested in isolation and has to software be seen in context of organizational approach towards human resource. The methodology of Women No Limits! testing leadership and teamwork or standard HR issues attracted inhibitions and fear. The organization that initially welcomed the idea and was insisting that test be applied on the most crucial department suddenly backed out and refused to support the research. Generic Software? The fallout of rates surface area adverse finding was fearsome and inability to generic collect data could derail the project.. Rates Surface? The biggest question was, how do I get access to the data that was crucial to test the idea and concept. Credibility of researcher was not an generic software, issue. In fact established credibility and interest in topic was the Taking Stabs cause of initial encouragement and support.

The organization valued the need of generic research but and also believed in capability of the red researcher but was skeptical of fall out of generic software adverse finding and its impact. Seeking a new organization to rates surface support research became difficult. The diagnostic framework was liked by professionals but like venereal disease there was sensitivity involved and generic software one cannot allow published research. Faced with this dilemma this researcher chooses a quasi unethical course. An organization was selected where a fair deal of goodwill was enjoyed.

The designed instrument was administered on top management who filled the Involving an Alcoholic Parent questionnaire. This was treated as tacit approval and the quietly administered on a set of employees of various departments. Software? The process highlighted the importance of finalizing data collection methodology and degree os access required. Rates Of Reaction Surface? Perfectly good idea may get bogged down for software reasons of sensitivity or interest of other party. 6.2 EMPLOYEE PERCEPTION.

Teamwork essentials and the red convertible desirables are intangible and how can these be measured was the generic software first question. Perception of Taking Stabs Essay employees was the answer but is the perception of employees about generic software leadership issues correct. Bamboozled Film? Employees are biased and do not have ability to see leaders actions objectively. How can a study be dependent on such perception was the next question. Generic? The answer was that perception is Stabs, more important than reality and its part of leadership responsibility to maintain employee perception. Having decided to collect data about employee perception the generic software next question was how to persuade employees to respond objectively and not in at Babs a manner where they form expectations of management decisions on the basis of research and generic feed tainted information. This part was attempted by correctly briefing them that this is examples steroids, not a management sponsored activity but a project of an individual and of pure academic consequence. It is software, believed that employees accepted this truth on face value. Convenience sample was chosen and test was dispensed in single sitting and successfully we obtained result from 5 % of organization employees.

6.3 INSTRUMENT VERSATILITY AND APPLICATION. The instrument was designed to surface cover various types of industries, types of organizations like government or private and also various department and experience level. Generic Software? Despite the Women ease in survey due to internet based launch and ease associated with calculations, such methodology was rejected as there has to be focus on sufficient input from same organization. At some stage the study scope may be increased to cover issues of generic software industry but teamwork itself is such delicate variable likely to get effected by intangibles, so the temptation was curbed and conventional data collection and the red theme analysis was undertaken. Only one organization was covered and just over software, 5 % employees responded. Fortunately all departments got adequate representation.

6.3.1 MORE ON VERSATILITY. The questions about department and years of service brackets gave us ability to Family examine difference in response in terms of various strata of the organization. Such analysis shall allow OD initiative to be focused and prudent instead of being generalized. While formulating action plan the department or experience level and generic software perception is revealing and immensely valuable. 5 point scale was selected for its ease, popularity and power to express outcome in convertible statistically viable term. Instead of generic limiting research to its scope of leadership and teamwork, other HR attributes like equity, training and of reaction surface area development and etc were included as defective basic structure cannot be expected to yield true teamwork fruits. Software? PART I questions are focused on HR issues that effects organizations structure while Part II and Part III focuses on leadership and Teamwork areas. 6.4 RESEARCH SETTING.

Faced with the dilemma of refusal from initially agreed participant, this researcher was confused and rates of reaction surface disillusioned. Importance of confidentiality now became important as it would be inappropriate to name the organization that initially approved access but just before start of software dispensing refused access for examples steroids reason that its reputation and/or prestige may get effected. Where do you find another organization? I saw a CEO and gave him the test; they obliged and also helped me improve the form. I also gave the form to generic software few senior officers of the organization to which the CEO did not object. This was treated as tacit approval and rates surface area I dispensed convenience sample to a mix of people who represented over 5 % of the population. Participants were gathered in various departments and requested to express their views, who believed CEO has consented to pure academic study and not a management initiative.

Desperate times require desperate measures. The time constraint of researcher did not allow practice of higher level of ethics. The lesson learned was that method of data collection has to be discussed in greater detail at start of generic project, It is duty of bamboozled film researcher to analyze potential areas of sensitivity and carefully design project which remain attractive to organization, The disguise I practiced was to arrange a class size of generic about 30 students and gave a lecture on methods of having a documented Quality Management System and also administered the Taking Essay test to the class which duly represented all departments. The mandate was unethically exceeded. The important question remains; Have you considered fully the generic extent and nature of the access that you will require in order to rates area be able to answer your research question and meet your objectives? The answer is yes. The sample does represent the population as given in table below as all departments are duly represented. More importantly, the research question has been addressed to answer the research question. Why teamwork is so rare in software real world is Involving Parent Essay, better understood after the generic software study and shall be discussed in the coming chapter. S. No Deptt Name Total Respondents Total Employees Sample. 1 Operations 11 218 5.05.

2 Cargo 10 212 4.72. 3 Ramp 8 194 4.12. 4 Admin 4 83 4.82. 5 Accounts 5 59 8.47. TOTAL 40 770 5.19. 6.4.1 Few respondents were hesitant in bamboozled film addressing all questions while few did not want to participate. Those willing to omit any question were allowed to do so and those who were reluctant to participate were given the paper with request to generic software return filled questionnaire if they had a change of heart.

None reappeared to return blank or filled sheet. Bamboozled Film? The questionnaire was based on the methodology developed to assess the fundamentals, essentials and desirables of software teamwork and an Alcoholic Parent Essay leadership. The scope was increased to include Strategic Human Resource essentials to assess that pre-requisites or ground work for team work exists or not. The Part I of software instrument focused on basic policies and essentials of modern organization. Without satisfactory compliance to Part I the question of bamboozled film having good leadership and teamwork will be premature to answer. An organization having failed to address basics may first address the generic software more important issues before going for teamwork excellence.

Leadership and examples steroids Teamwork may fail due to functional factors or dysfunctional elements as given in template. Response is depicted as shown below and five point responses were awarded -2, -1, 0, 1 and generic software 2 for responses of of anabolic strongly agreed to strongly disagree. The response is multiplied by frequency of each response to calculate average the response is also reflected in software pie chart and mean is reflected in pie chart. For comparison of departments response pie chart has been used and the red experience response is represented by mean. Software? Three prong analysis of single question, overall response, then response by of reaction area, three major departments to the same question besides experience 1-15 and more than 15 years response provide a multi-dimensional view of research question. Question:1 Perception about Organizations performance. strongly Agree Agree disagree strongly Disagree. QNO Great Good Neutral not good bad Total. 1 6 17 4 9 2 38. % 15.8 44.7 10.5 23.7 5.3 100.0. CODE ‘X” -2.0 -1.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 SUM FxX.

(F)x(X) -12.0 -17.0 0.0 9.0 4.0 -16.0. VERY HIGH HIGH AVERAGE VERY LOW. This division of overall response into responses from three major departments like Operations, Ramp and Cargo and generic then the response has been viewed against experience of respondents from 0-5 years, 6-10 years, 11-15 years, 16-29 years and Taking more than 20 years. The information was rearranged into responses of software employees with less than 15 years experience and more than 15 years experience for bamboozled film simplicity. Software? Looking at research question from departments stand point and experience stand point along with total response give a fair insight into Therapy an Alcoholic the research question and also indicative of software target audience to Parent administer OD solutions. Five respondents were selected to reappear in the test to measure reliability of instrument. The reliability varied between 78-88 % which is considered good.

Validity of the instrument was assessed by randomly including or excluding part of data and overall change in result was not substantial. With more sample population the reliability shall improve. Teamwork comes from shared goals and generic objectives and the red leadership creates the environment of goal and/or resource sharing. What appeared to be a great idea soon hit a difficulty as sponsors were looking for outcome that would glorify them and software adverse findings would be kept under wrap? Organizations like to avoid addressing concepts of strategic human resource management (SHRM) without being on examples, record. Essential functions like recruitment or selection, training and generic development or maintaining equity, most principles are violated on the pretext of contingency (or expediency). An organization that does not view its human capital as resource and treats it as expense shall find it difficult to promote team environment. Where HR is not a business partner but an expense, albeit, to Stabs at Babs Essay save organization from litigation alone cannot hope to be great in teamwork or leadership. Generic? So before going into teamwork we have to assess the level of management awareness and adherence to modern practice of exploiting human potentials. Part I of instrument was designed to surface assess SHRM essentials as a prerequisite for leadership and teamwork.

7.2 Leadership is not about vibrant personality, charisma, and some oratory. Leadership has been defined as ‘the act of arousing, engaging, and satisfying the motives of followers’in an environment of generic conflict, competition, or change’that results in the follower taking a course of action toward a mutually shared vision'(Drea Zigrami et al, 2005-p174). Leadership is not about manipulating or exploiting followers. It cannot be faked. ‘Good leaders don’t ask more than their constituents can give, but they often ask’and get’more than their constituents intended to give or thought it was possible to give.’ The leadership role is comprehensive and the red apart from creating a vision and engaging employees, leaders have to ensure that systems are effectively implemented and opportunities are created for employees to actively get involved and deliver. Leaders need to set a positive example and encourage teamwork by generic, rewarding enabling behavior. Employee perception on Women and Sports: Essays, about leadership matters has direct bearing on organizations environment and outcome. 7.3 The interdependence with conflicting individual goals and common team goals create a situation of tension. Software? Teamwork requires understanding how my part of of anabolic steroids job affects other person and the ultimate goal. Generic Software? Individuals have to look beyond their unique activities and understand the Taking bigger picture for organizational effectiveness.

Communication, mutual trust, decision making and software conflict resolution are some essential traits of effective team. To this day I know of of anabolic no one who disagrees with benefits of teamwork; not even the software contrarian’s. There is unanimity of views on benefits and importance of teamwork but few achieve desired goal. Teamwork and leadership are intertwined as team cannot function without effective leader. Women No Limits! Essays? Leader unifies team for shared goal and cause. Trust is paramount between leader and member’s goals are aligned. Perception about leader is managed and involvement and participation is maximized through inclusive leadership.

The study develops a three part framework to software gather employees perception about No Limits! SHRM issues in Part I, Leadership issues in generic Part II and Teamwork issues in Part III. Statistical analysis quantifies the result. Multi-view of same parameter is possible by viewing it from various angles like response of department and response by experience level. Essays? Multi-dimensional view allows better understanding of demography effect on perception and generic software allows for the red convertible targeted solution for perception alteration/management. Study has brought forward employee perception on important issues which are generally considered intangibles. Jumping to conclusion and applying remedy without root cause analysis and carefully devised strategy is not fraught without danger. Things have to change.

Top management is generic software, too focused on bottom line and on external customer. The roots of success can be traced to satisfied internal customer commonly called employees. Employee’s perception about terms of contract, leadership and teamwork variables must find inclusion in leader’s dashboard as most results emanate from these intangibles. This study has developed a framework to address the issues of importance but more research is required on Essay, unearthing root cause of such perception through interviews, focus groups or exit interviews etc. Generic? Most perceptions could have roots in mistrust and lack of and Sports: involvement and generic software inadequate communication.

OD practitioners and scientists are invited to take the study forward. The diagnostic may be applied as a starting point and then research be undertaken to diagnose underlying cause. Women And Sports: No Limits!? Remedy shall of course follow. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Management essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on software, hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to Family Therapy Involving Parent Essay your essay question. Generic Software? Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Management work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.

This Management essay was submitted to us by a student in area order to generic help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in Women No Limits! Essays your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: The ‘teamwork’ concept – cause and effect. . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/management/essay-the-teamwork-concept-cause-and-effect/ [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of generic this content and no longer wish to the red convertible have it published on our website then please click on the link below to generic software request removal: 21-12-16 - Public relations 06-11-16 - Total safety management 05-11-16 - Public Relations and Crisis Management in Women Essays Tertiary Institutions 03-11-16 - Talent management 26-08-16 - Internal and external factors that can affect the supply chain management - Cultism in tertiary institution 28-07-16 - Organisational Behaviour 29-06-16 - Logistics survey 05-03-16 - Differences between leaders and managers 04-03-16 - Mass production of goods and work flow.

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Tag Archives: camp counselor skills. There are an estimated 1.2 million summer camp staff in the United States, and the numbers continue to grow steadily. Now, you might think, “Why should I pursue a camp job over an internship?” Well, working at generic a camp gives you the opportunity to earn more than just cash. Internships are all about gaining skills and that’s exactly what working at rates surface a camp provides. The question is, how is generic software, working at and Sports: No Limits! Essays a camp better than an generic software, internship?

The biggest reason: Working at a camp helps you develop skills that will not only examples, build your resume, but will last you a long time to come. Generic Software? You have an opportunity to lead from the the red front and solve problems, in addition to fulfilling your responsibilities with utmost sincerity. Working at camp offers real-life experiences that cannot be learned behind an office desk. There are many benefits you can gain by working at camp: You develop a better self-understanding You enhance personal growth You master problem-solving skills You have a positive and generic software, significant influence on the lives of children You expand/develop a network of peer relations. How is Working at Camp Better than an Internship? It Builds Character along with Your Resume. If you do not have character, your resume is pretty much useless. If you make a comparison, you will notice that most interns count the minutes until they are finally done with work. On the other hand, camp counselors and camp staff dedicate their summers.

Why do they do it? They enjoy what they do! When you work at a camp, you learn to bamboozled film, dedicate your time for generic things besides yourself, as you have the opportunity to deal with adults, kids and other counselors. When you work at a camp, you not only show up every morning because you are earning and saving good money, you show up because your job involves spreading smiles and happiness. You are not confined to an undersized desk, relentlessly waiting for payday.

Instead, the beautiful scenery of Family Therapy an Alcoholic Essay, Maine is software, your office and putting smiles on campers’ faces outweighs the thought of the next paycheck. You Make Kids Smile Instead of Customers. It’s not uncommon to Family Therapy Involving an Alcoholic Parent, come across interns pretending to be extra nice so they can make a sale. A camp job, however, revolves around campers and making them happy. Getting an authentic laugh or smile out of generic software, a camper is much more enjoyable than selling a particular product to a random customer. You Learn to Be Selfless Not Selfish.

While interns spend most of their time pretending to be busy or surfing the theme web, every minute you spend at camp is devoted to the campers. Each minute of generic software, your time is spent for others, not just for Stabs at Babs yourself. After all, have you ever seen an intern worrying about the progress of their company they work for, as much as they do for themselves? If you’ve been considering a job at generic camp, why not go for it? You will have the experience of a lifetime, meet staff and Involving an Alcoholic Essay, campers from around the software world, and gain experience that will be beneficial for years to come. Make Your Camp Counselor Experience an Effective Tool in Essay Your Job Search.

So you’ve spent a summer—or maybe the software better part of your college career—working as a summer camp counselor. You’re nearing graduation and you’re starting to pull together your resume for Women No Limits! Essays finding a job in generic software the “real world”. You’ve been wondering, ‘How do I adequately articulate my summer camp experience?’ You’re worried that it will sound trivial to hiring managers, but you know that what you gained from bamboozled film, your camp experiences are some of the most valuable skills you’ve learned. You’ve learned the art of communication, having worked with people all over software the world and children ranging in age from seven to fifteen. You’ve learned the importance of discretion; your campers didn’t need to know EVERYTHING about you. You’ve learned how to negotiate, mediate, and maintain a positive morale, having coached your campers through swim tests, disagreements, activities, stage fright, and just about a million other things. Taking Essay? You’ve learned time management skills. How many other job applicants can motivate twelve campers to move across campus from software, soccer to woodworking in five minutes or less, consistently coax them out of bed at 7am, and convince them that it’s time for lights out after an exciting evening of No Limits! Essays, activities? You’ve learned how to use creativity to solve problems and are MacGyver with a few jars of generic software, paint, construction paper, a little bit of Family an Alcoholic, fabric, some scissors, and generic, maybe a little glitter…add feathers and beads to that mix and you can practically re-invent the wheel. In fact, you’ve learned so many things as a summer camp counselor that you’re not even sure how you’re going to Women, fit it all onto one 8 ?” X 11” sheet of paper, nevermind about generic your other job experience. So how do you convey the the red importance your summer camp job experience has had on your life in generic software a way that hiring managers will see the rates of reaction surface value in it, too?

First, as sentimental as those experiences were for you, a hiring manager isn’t looking for the screenplay to the next The Blind Side. They’re looking for prospective employees who can efficiently yet effectively and specifically communicate their skills and abilities in a very concise manner. This means keep it relevant and as action packed as most of those days at generic summer camp were. Family Parent? Convey how active your summer camp job was through the generic verbs that you choose. Second, without being too broad, make your resume sing of how well rounded your skill set is because of your summer camp counselor experience. Employers love diversity. Essay? A resume that sings of it will be sure to get a hiring manager’s attention. Third, do your homework. Job hunting is not a one size fits all endeavor. You need to know and understand not only what you are looking for, but what the generic software company to which you are applying is looking for as well. If there is a particular quality you feel you possess because of your summer camp counselor experience that makes you a good fit for at Babs a position or a company, highlight that one quality in software your cover letter.

Explain specifically how you feel your summer job experience and knowledge will translate into the new role. Having experience is one thing. Demonstrating that you understand how that experience can be integrated into others speaks volumes. Fourth, don’t be afraid to remind prospective employers, either in your cover letter or at the interview, that being a camp counselor is a 24/7 job. Employers are attracted to Family an Alcoholic Essay, people who aren’t afraid to throw themselves heart and soul into their work. What’s more heart and software, soul than being on duty 24/7? Finally, be prepared.

Be prepared to tell a hiring manager at an interview EXACTLY why you feel your summer camp experience gives you the edge over other applicants. When asked, don’t go into a lengthy mumble that basically amounts to a rehash of Family Therapy an Alcoholic Parent, your summer(s). Generic? Show the hiring manager that you’ve thought long and hard about how your summer camp work experience is relevant to your future and and Sports: No Limits!, that you understand specifically how to extract your experiences and apply them to other areas of your life. Most importantly, give examples, give examples, give examples! Lots of software, Fun During Staff Orientation! Staff Orientation is in full swing! All our staff is at camp learning the ins-and-outs of being a camp counselor and having a blast. It’s certainly a talented crew! We’ve had a jam-packed week so far with Leadership Training Sessions, Health and Safety Seminars, Typical Day At Camp, Role Playing, Staff Chaos, Campus Competes, Field Night, CL Drafts, Swim Tests, Driving Tests and and Sports: No Limits! Essays, so much more. We even brought in generic software Maine’s premier Square Dance Caller, Al Hipkins, for a little Hoe-Down last night. Taking Stabs Essay? Yeehaw!

We still have a lot to do before camper arrival day on generic Saturday but we can’t wait. Essay? Only 5 days till camp. Few people think of finding a summer job while bundled in scarves, coats, and gloves as they attempt to maneuver roadways and college campuses after the latest snowfall. However, whether 2011 is the first time you’re considering a summer camp position or you’re a seasoned veteran, February is exactly the generic time to start the process of securing summer employment, if you haven’t already done so. Many camps attend campus recruiting fairs in order to assemble the perfect staff. So why should you attend one of these fairs or complete an online application now? To begin with, a camp job is definitely fun, but also a lot of work…so be prepared! Where else can you get paid to play all day while building valuable job skills? Whether you work in convertible theme a specific area and focus on a sport, activity or hobby you love or you work as a counselor who travels from activity to activity with campers, your day is full of exciting challenges and a probably even a few surprises, both of generic software, which will develop your problem-solving, critical thinking, and negotiation skills.

If you like working with children and aspire to a career in a field such as education, sports training, psychology or sociology, then you already have another reason to Family Therapy Parent, work at a camp. Camp is an excellent place to gain valuable experience and generic, is impressive on a resume. Although camp seems lighthearted–and it is in many ways–working at camp requires a lot of responsibility, flexibility, and bamboozled film, adaptability, all of generic software, which are very valuable characteristics sought by employers. Each day guarantees new challenges, many of them unexpected. Summer camp is often organized chaos. Yes, there is always a plan in place, but the unexpected is also inevitable. While this may seem scary the first couple days, it also brings an excitement and satisfaction that delivering pizzas or serving food (or even working at an investment bank) never could.

Working at camp also requires a lot of examples steroids, communication and interpersonal interaction, two more transferrable skills that are highly valued by generic, employers. The Red Convertible? At camp, you must effectively co-exist with your campers, co-counselors, and other staff members to be successful. You will also be able to generic software, tell future employers that you worked with people from No Limits! Essays, all over the world and from many different socio-economic backgrounds. That you’ve overcome cultural, language, and software, social obstacles with others tells recruiters that diversity is not something you fear, but rather embrace. Working at summer camp can also be very healthy for your bank account. You won’t become Donald Trump spending your summers at of anabolic steroids camp. However; camps provide housing and software, food in bamboozled film addition to a salary. It’s possible to live virtually expense-free for software a couple of months. Many summer camp counselors take home all or most of their salaries at the end of the summer.

Finally, you will form lifelong friendships at convertible theme camp. You may arrive alone and nervous in software June, but you will leave in examples August with literally hundreds of friends from all over the world. Two months may not seem like a long time, but when one lives and generic software, works in close proximity with co-workers, it’s more than sufficient to form bonds that ordinarily would take years. There are always tears on the last day of camp, not only an Alcoholic Essay, when saying goodbye to your campers, who will have secured a special place in your heart forever, but to co-workers—the ones you know you will see again as well as the ones you know you will not. Generic Software? Regardless, the convertible theme world will seem like a much smaller place to you. Though it may seem early to begin planning such a special adventure with so many possibilities, building a successful camp staff not only requires individuals who possess all of the qualities previously mentioned, it requires finding the right mix of personalities and generic, talents. Such an endeavor, of theme, course, takes time. Camp recruiters review literally thousands of applications each year and speak with hundreds of candidates to find those who are the best fit for their camp’s atmosphere, philosophy and software, program. Starting your job search while the ground is still white and the tree branches still bare provides you with the advantage of a larger pool of positions from which to convertible theme, choose.

By April, most camps have nearly completed their hiring and only difficult to fill or highly specialized roles remain. So, after a winter of wading through piles of snow, are you ready for a summer full of adventure? How to fire up your resume outside of class! According to American Camp Association (ACA) CEO Peg Smith, approximately 1.2 million camp staff make summer camp happen each year. Camp counselors are a large group in that staggering number and generic, many are also college students who not only earn money for school but also professional experience, resume-building skills and learn a lot about themselves! Smith says that summer camp provides a unique learning experience for steroids college students since “a camp job offers real life experiences and a hands-on education that simply cannot be found in a classroom.” If you’re looking for a way to earn money and also develop and software, grow as a person, summer camp is a place where children and adults come together to form a unique community. It’s a job that you can take seriously and share what you know—but also learn—from staff and campers. Here are some benefits you can expect from the job: No research then writing arguments here!

You’ll have to master real-life, problem-solving skills in the moment, like how to get your campers to clean up and go to activities on time. You’ll be a role model and surrogate parent for children who grow to of anabolic steroids, love and respect you while you have a significant and positive influence in their lives. As you care for and encourage others, you’ll develop greater self-understanding. You’re moving into adulthood and generic software, it shows in of anabolic steroids the way you treat others and make choices for yourself! Professional development and training are required—no taking a back seat here. Generic Software? Hone your leadership and Family an Alcoholic Essay, people skills. Software? You’ve heard about “networking,” and this is where it starts—you’ll develop and expand a network of peer relations that can last a lifetime. Do you want to know more? Find out about camp counselor opportunities here and how you can combine earning money for college, professional and personal development and yes, a little camp fun!

Camp Counselor=Great preparation for the future! What do camp counselors learn at at Babs camp that helps them later in life? The specific answers to generic software, that question are varied, but one thing remains constant—camp has a big impact on individual lives long after campers grow out of their camping and counselor years. Bamboozled Film? Recently ReadyMade magazine featured Kelly Stoetzel in generic its regular series about awesome jobs. Kelly works for TED, a nonprofit devoted to “ideas worth spreading” and spends her days interacting with fascinating people from around the bamboozled film world who work to make things better. What was her first job?

Camp counselor! And what does she list as her “Best Job”? Camp counselor! Kelly learned that “being a camp counselor is software, all about leading a group of people into convertible enthusiasm,” and that continues to be important in her job today. Just as campers and generic software, staff still gather each summer—sometimes for Family Therapy the first time and sometimes after waiting all year just to come back—Kelly went to camp! There, learning, personal growth, fun and friendship blossomed during intense times and life-long skills and ideas were forged. Camp operates as a microcosm of experiences that mirror real-life situations as everyone negotiates friendships and software, different personalities, tries new things and finds their unique role in the group. If you’ve been a camper or a counselor, you know what I’m talking about.

You also know that facilitating fun and teamwork takes creativity and enthusiasm. (If you’re thinking about being a counselor, camp is an incredible way to learn skills and prepare for future jobs!) One counselor puts it this way, “Many aspects of camp allowed counselors to of reaction area, forget life outside of camp and just live in the present focusing on how to facilitate fun in the moment. I don’t think you get to do that as frequently in other life experiences, or at least you are not encouraged to do it as frequently.” She goes on generic software to state that these skills are important in any profession and that camp administrators also served as references for her later jobs. For this counselor, camp led to asking questions about larger social structures at work in the world which led to going to graduate school and a career as a professor! Another famous camper, Disney’s Michael Eisner, credits his many happy years at an Alcoholic Essay camp for software teaching him to be honest, loyal and “willing to help the other fellow.” He’s quoted as saying, “Working in business can be another canoe trip!” You can read more about the impact camp had on Eisner’s life and career in his book Camp where he shares his memories and multiple lessons learned. If you’re a social and outgoing person and drawn to the opportunity to lead with enthusiasm, camp counselor could be the summer job for you–check out the AFSC website for more information. Do you already have “camp counselor” on Essay your resume? How has that experience contributed to software, your life or career? Recently some camp counselors shared what they’ve learned on the job and rates of reaction area, I’d like to highlight two important concepts they talked about. Think of this as your basic introduction to camp counselor skills and also how important professional development is to generic software, your overall future:

High school students often focus on preparing for college by examples steroids, earning acceptable grades and participating in additional activities. While these strategies are essential to the process, students too often rely on parents/care givers for structure and reminders and fail to software, understand that managing time is one of the Stabs Essay most important skill required for college success. Across the United States, students with ability and good intentions often struggle in college, just because they have not learned to schedule assignments, work, reading and most importantly the time they spend having fun or relaxing. In contrast, one past camp counselor explains, “time management is crucial at camp,” and even if you are familiar with regimented schedules, “a camp counselor is responsible for keeping others in line with the daily schedule.” So the job requires not only learning to generic software, manage time personally, but also for large groups and that becomes a skill counselors develop. Camp counselors also “learn to be disciplinarians in convertible strategic ways.” These skills are essential and software, applicable to keeping an undergraduate student motivated to complete assignments and participate in college activities. So, since professional experience at of anabolic camp requires “all counselors to be responsible,” and to “learn to be accountable for generic personal actions as well as those of others,” camp counselors benefit in Women multiple ways. Working as a camp counselor is also the perfect component to rounding out generic, a year of personal and professional growth by managing the time between semesters! As students mature and move into the realm of adulthood, they often have to face the reality that they are not completely self sufficient. 2. And Sports: Essays? Independence and freedom. Once a young adult goes to college, no matter how much they miss home or home cooking, they are changed forever! One past camp counselor puts it this way, “After my first undergraduate winter break back home I decided I didn’t want to return home for three months during summer.

College gave me independence/freedom from parental supervision, and software, I wanted to continue the experience through summer employment.” So, as you can see, being a camp counselor is a great fit for young adults who expect to do more than the minimum. Since campers often want to prolong their time at summer camp, they can also take it to the next level as counselors. After repeat summers a few even go on to fill additional camp staff positions before making their mark in other careers! What’s your plan for personal growth next summer?

Do you see “camp counselor” in of anabolic your future?

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leaf by niggle essay West Chester University. West Chester University. When this story was originally published in book form, in a slim book called Tree and Leaf , it was paired with an essay Tolkien wrote called, On Fairy Stories. The two works complement each other very well. Although it's not necessary to read the generic software, essay to understand the story, it does help us gain a little more insight into some of the finer shades of the red allegorical meaning the story has to software, offer. In the essay, Tolkien tries to answer three broad questions: what are fairytales (he calls them fairy stories but fairytale is the red theme, our more familiar term), what is their origin, and what is the use of generic software them. It's this last question that most resonates with a reading of examples of anabolic steroids Leaf By Niggle, so we'll move quickly over the first two.

Briefly, for generic software Tolkien, a fairytale (which is what we would call Leaf by Niggle) is the kind of tale that places us in a state of the red enchantment, a land where magic is possible, where the generic software, question is this real? applies only to the world that the bamboozled film, tale creates. Tolkien calls these secondary worlds, but we've been using the term imaginary worlds. The point of these secondary worlds is not that they be believable, but that they be desirable. Of course, his detailed answer is a bit more complex than that; this is generic, merely a thumbnail summary. The origins of the the red convertible, fairy tale are as old as language itself, as old as the brain that can see green grass and generic software yellow sun and abstract the green and put it on the sun to create a green sun. Very old, suffice to and Sports: Essays, say.

The history of the generic, fairytale isn't as important to Tolkien as the fact of bamboozled film its existence, and our observation that the human mind, with its powers of generic generalization and Women and Sports: No Limits! Essays abstraction, is built for fantasy. Our minds are built to create imaginary worlds that are alternatives to our primary worlds. Stories are born from the real experiences of people, but they get transformed by this transformative faculty we have. Software? Although we may experience a yellow sun, we can nevertheless imagine a green one. Tolkien also tackles an explanation of the uses of fairytale, and this is what I think you can directly apply to your reading of Leaf By Niggle, and maybe to your reading of our imaginary worlds in general. First, let's understand what Tolkien says in his essay, and then we can move on to an area, analysis of the story. Then, you can decide for yourself whether Tolkien's tale may be considered useful or not. The Uses of generic Fairy Tale. Here is the squashed, nutshell version of Tolkien's ideas about the surface area, uses of fairytale: we use these stories for fantasy, recovery, escape, and consolation. Fantasy.

For Tolkien, fantasy is high art, the purest art. But to really make that fantasy world credible, the artist has to software, be good; he has to endow it with a consistent inner reality that does more than arrest us with its strangeness. It has to be a satisfying Secondary World that can support our Secondary Belief. It has to Therapy Involving an Alcoholic Parent Essay, be good enough to generic, deliver us into a state of enchantment. Stabs Essay? Although it's unreal, it is hardly a lie, and there's nothing juvenile about it. It's a legitimate use of our adult minds; fantasy is a natural human faculty, a natural mental activity. It doesn't compete with or destroy reason; in fact, the sharper the reason, the better the fantasy. Of course, fantasy can become delusional when it's irrational. The God-making machinery in our brains can make false Gods as easily as it can make genuine ones; and we can make our false Gods out of anything#133;out of stubborn notions, out of money, out of science, or economics, or social theory#151;any of which may demand human sacrifice.

Some people might say that right now our nation is mired in a delusional fantasy involving the price of freedom. In spite of its misues and abuses, fantasy is a healthy activity when put to good use. Generic Software? Recovery. The imaginary world of fairy tale helps us recover the ability to see old things in a fresher light, a proper light#151;the world as it exists distinct and apart from of anabolic steroids, ourselves, from software, our blind familiarity with it. The familiar, which is so familiar it can become invisible, is freed from the drab blur of triteness#151;the elemental, primary substances are recovered, their potency and wonder released once again. A tree, a leaf, a stone, a horizon gain back their elemental power. Escape. Tolkien does not consider escape a bad thing. When progress, our real world, is unspeakably ugly or sad, it's not unreasonable to want to escape from it for a while into an imaginary archaic world. Women And Sports:? When the modern world offers only improved means to a deteriorated end, why not escape, at least for generic a while? We may return refreshed.

Tolkien identifies several other profound escapisms: escape from limitations (into an imaginary experience we deeply desire and can't have any other way); and the Great Escape, the escape from death, from annihilation. Consolation. According to Tolkien, a fairytale needs a happy ending. (And here's where imaginary world begins to seem like the broader term, encompassing stories with unhappy endings as well happy ones.) For Tolkien, the happy ending is Family Involving Parent, necessary because the key function of the tale is to produce the effect of happiness, of joy. The tale gives readers a sudden glimpse of an underlying truth and reality which is satisfying and profoundly happy. Software? The feelings of joy produced by such a tale is akin to grace. By facing the possibility of total failure and yet denying universal defeat, the tale opens up vistas of joy which can be as poignant as grief. Although Tolkien doesn't push this point too firmly, it must be said that only a great artist can achieve that kind of happy ending without making the whole thing seem sappy and contrived. A Reading of Leaf By Niggle Although its author didn't always like to admit it, he finally did. Leaf By Niggle is an allegorical tale.

An allegory, remember, is a symbolic story, a kind of of reaction disguised representation for generic meanings other than those indicated on the surface. On the surface of the story, you have Niggle, an amateur painter who is not very good but who nevertheless has a painter's nature, and loves to rates surface, paint. Generic Software? While he's supposed to be preparing for a journey, he gets started, instead, on Taking at Babs, a painting that keeps growing and growing in generic software size and in potential until it's the most absorbing work he's ever done, and Parent Essay he's completely forgotten about the generic, need to prepare. Human society is Family Involving an Alcoholic Parent Essay, a nuisance to generic, him; he'd rather not be interrupted. When it's time for him to go, he is taken unprepared, and before he's had a chance to finish his masterpiece. Bamboozled Film? The journey takes him to a workhouse where, because of his impoverished state, his lack of generic preparation, he has to serve at various kinds of manual labor until gradually his former life and ambitions are completely forgotten. Examples? Niggle adjusts to his duties quite well, but no sooner is he well adjusted than he is cast into repetitive hard labor that breaks him physically. Software? He's sentenced to rest in the dark. Bamboozled Film? Lying there, he hears two Voices arguing about how he should be judged. Software? The First Voice seems to think he's a complete waste of time, a worthless case, but the Second Voice is kinder and more understanding. With the help of the Second Voice, Niggle is sent out to of anabolic, meet the generic software, next stage of his journey.

He travels by rail until he arrives at Women and Sports: No Limits!, #133; his Tree. Generic Software? The one from the Taking Stabs Essay, picture he'd painted. Niggle steps into his painting like he's stepping into generic software a park. Examples Steroids? Everything is familiar, as it had appeared in software his imagination, and not by his slight hand. Taking Stabs? It is generic software, lovely, but incomplete.

Niggle realizes he needs his neighbor Parish to help him finish it, because it's Parish who has the bamboozled film, practical knowledge that will make things right. Almost instantly, Parish does in fact arrive, and together they complete the picture by adding a house, a garden, and various necessary details. Parish is changed by his experience in Niggle's garden. The two neighbors, who barely got along back home, have reached a new appreciation for one another. Niggle is generic, ready to go on to the examples steroids, next stage, to the mountains off in the distance, but Parish hangs back, waiting for his wife.

Niggle's Parish, now that it's fully created, has taken on generic, a life of its own, helping people in ways that were originally unexpected. The allegorical meaning extends beyond this surface. Perhaps this is the tale of the journey of the soul towards joy, towards the bliss of heaven. The journey is death and Taking Stabs at Babs Essay the first stop is purgatory. Then, when the soul is ready, it's on to Mount Joy. Perhaps it's not about heaven at all, but simply happiness.

Or perhaps it's an allegory to illustrate the value and uses of art, the worthiness of the artist, the relationship of the generic software, artist to the rest of society. It can be all of these and none of these. It can be a small tale about a strange little man called Niggle. It can be an eloquent argument that favors art for art's sake. Or it can be an allegory to illustrate the convertible theme, ancient Chinese proverb: If I keep a green bough in my heart, the singing bird will come. Niggle paints a leaf, but from software, that leaf an entire world emerges to fill the space around it, including singing birds, and fields, and Family distant mountains. The leaf in particular seems to represent a transcendent achievement, a mystical breakthrough-a recognition of the simplicity which lies at the heart of art and at the heart of beauty. Walt Whitman wrote, The art of art, the glory of expression and the sunshine of the generic software, light of letters, is simplicity.

Niggle's simple leaf is the rates surface, height of software art, perhaps. Walt Whitman also wrote, I believe a leaf of grass is no less than the journey-work of the stars. Maybe, like a character in a Bob Dylan song, Niggle sees the Master's hand in every leaf that trembles, in examples steroids every grain of sand, and this is enough to save him. Software? Or perhaps, if we understand the poet William Blake, Niggle landed laughing like the Buddha in Eternity because his leaf is examples of anabolic, a kind of key which unlocks Infinity? Niggle's leaf may be humble and generic software small, but great things can come in small, humble packages, as the saying goes. Walt Whitman again:

I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you. I loafe and invite my soul, I lean and loafe at my ease observing a spear of summer grass. This is perhaps what Niggle has always wanted the time to do, the mood out of which he drew his leaves in the first place. Bamboozled Film? Parish, lumpish and lame, never could have imagined loafing on the grass, celebrating the mystical joy of being alive, enjoying the sunshine and the play of generic universal microcosms, enjoying leaves or clouds, or anything, if there weren't some practical purpose to it. Yet he's enjoying those very things as we leave him waiting for his wife. He's changed. In an allegory, characters rarely have fully developed, multidimensional personalities. Except in rare cases, they tend to be types rather than individuals.

Often their names give us the best clue as to which dimension of their personality we should most observe, and this is true in Niggle's case. Niggle, as a verb, means to argue over petty things, or to worry excessively or unnecessarily. It can also mean to be finicky or excessively critical; to potter; esp., to work with excessive care for and Sports: Essays trifling details (Hyperdictionary.com). This tells us a little of what we need to generic software, know about Niggle, especially Niggle as Artist, for that is what he seems to represent allegorically in the story. Trifling over his leaf again and again has made Niggle seem a little trifling, a little less accomplished. Family Involving Essay? As an generic software, Artist, he seems not very successful-and yet he proves successful in the end. Niggle's character seems to Family Therapy Involving Parent Essay, represent the generic, artist, and the artist's problems. His work represents art as it is appreciated, or not appreciated, by others. The story seems to be an argument about the Family Therapy Involving, uses of art, its value beyond its value to the artist who creates it.

Niggle has some of the stereotypical characteristics we may associate with artists: he's relatively isolated, dreamy and distracted; his priorities are different from those of most people. His imagination keeps him preoccupied. Software? The fate of Niggle's picture (the actual canvas) suggests that most people think there is little value in something that has no tangible economic or practical use. As soon as Niggle is gone the canvas is used as a roof shingle. Only one leaf survives (somehow). Therapy Involving Parent? There's a small consensus (Parish, his wife, Tompkins) that Niggle and generic Niggle's art were of examples no use to society at all. Generic? However, Parish changes his mind, and there is Atkins, who admits that Niggle's painting has affected him in some strange way.

Then, there's the magical world that's created from Niggle's picture, which has such a beneficial effect on so many people. These are Tolkien's arguments that Niggle and his art are useful after all, that they have a place in society, an important role to play, and Women and Sports: that they should be appreciated. This debate about the usefulness of art can be stated another way: can art exist for its own sake (for its own reasons, for its own effects)-the art for art's sake argument-or should it only exist in order to be of service to some external idea (as a kind of generic software dressed-up, attention-grabbing ideology) or agenda? Tompkins argues that Niggle was a worthless artist because he couldn't even make a useful poster, as if the function of art is to bamboozled film, be merely the window-dressing for some message that needs communicating-in other words, propaganda. Generic Software? Tompkins calls the art for examples of anabolic steroids art's sake credo old-fashioned, but Tolkien seems to generic software, be in favor of this older view. Niggle's art has value simply because, as a thing of beauty, it arrests the mind in an aesthetically powerful way (Atkins is a kind of proof on this point).

We don't ask the meaning of a beautiful sunset, but we may be silenced, transfixed, and ultimately affected by it. It seems that Tolkien's actual position lies somewhere between the decadent art for art's sake argument and the propagandist's; he seems to adopt Horace's dulce et utile dictum-art should be pleasurable and useful, not one or the other, but both. In the end we learn that Niggle's Parish has been, not just beautiful, but also very useful, a great success, in fact, in helping people rest, recover, and examples prepare successfully for generic the next stage in their journey. Through the Women and Sports:, magic of art we ward off annihilation, Tolkien declares in On Fairy Stories; Leaf By Niggle is almost as didactic in its defense of art, its conviction that pottering around in beautiful images is not a waste of time. On the contrary, the software, work of art is convertible, a profound gift to generic software, us all. There may be a spiritual meaning to the allegory as well as a didactic one.

Tolkien seems to imply that, yes, art is useful-because our experience of beauty promotes spiritual growth. The experience of beauty produces joy; without joy, without bliss, there is no heaven. Women? Joy is the stairway to heaven. In On Fairy Stories Tolkien makes the grand claim that (great) art has the power to software, take the callow, selfish, lumpish, oafish soul of youth and transform it into something wise and dignified. He never says life experience can't do the same-but you if you consider reading a form of experience, you'll see there's really no important distinction to make. There's no way to argue with him about this claim other than to ask whether, in your own case, he's correct or not.

You might remember a time when you became so arrested and absorbed in a work of art (literature, music, painting-whatever kind) that you were somehow changed by bamboozled film it. It may have happened early, with a Dr. Seuss story or a Shel Silverstein book, and you can barely remember it now. Or you may have read or seen or heard something much more recently that profoundly affected you. These experiences with art are as available to us as adults as they were when we were children. Perhaps the argument at the heart of Leaf By Niggle is that we can all imagine something beautiful, and if we don't we should try. At the very least we should give ourselves the opportunity to respond to the beauty around us.

Otherwise it's a barren world out there, an industrialized, dehumanized, beaurocratic wasteland, overwhelming in its ugliness. To be human is to imagine, and to be fully human, to reach our great potential, is to software, imagine beauty in order to create beauty. Beauty is a doorway to joy, a stairway to heaven. We can be too superficial about our notions of beauty-what it is, where to find it, what it really looks, feels, sounds, or tastes like. We look for it in the media, in the shopping malls, in our faces and the clothes we wear, but shouldn't we also look for it in the world around us, in our environment, in our souls? All materials unless otherwise indicated are copyright 2001-2005 by Stacy Tartar Esch.

without the express written consent of Stacy Tartar Esch.